New provings

    Aquilegia vulgaris

    Requests: If you need specific information on this remedy - e.g. a proving or a case info on toxicology or whatsoever, please post a message in the Request area so that all users may contribute.




    Barbara Seideneck, Boulder, CO





    no placebo


    remedy unknown to the 33 provers


    Standard Homeopathic Pharmacy, Los Angeles

    Description of the substance

    A homeopathic drug proving- now termed a homeopathic pathogenetic trial- of Aquilegia Vulgaris, the Common Columbine

    Eine homöopathische Arzneimittelprüfung von Aquilegia vulgaris, der gemeinen (oder gewöhnlichen) Akelei


    Barbara Seideneck CHom, CCH, RSHom (NA)


    During July, Aquilegia caerulea thrives in the Colorado Rocky Mountains and covers the alpine meadows and moutain slopes with its brilliant blue color. The breath-taking beauty of Columbine, Colorado’s state flower, inspired me to explore the proving of this plant.


    Only one species of Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris, is listed in the materia medica. It is generally identified as the common, wild or garden Columbine. Because of its extensive historical and mystical associations, its threat of extinction in many countries, and its existence in the homeopathic materia medica as an unproven remedy1, I chose to prove the common Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris.



    The proving was conducted with 33 provers (25 female, 8 male) in three different groups during 2003, 2004, and 2005 at the Homeopathy School of Colorado. The remedy was given in the 30C and 200C potencies. Each prover was assigned a supervisor who spoke to his/her prover on a daily basis. Baseline data were collected for each prover by recording pre-proving symptoms for one week prior to the proving. During the proving, provers logged symptoms on a daily basis until symptoms subsided. Standard Homeopathic Pharmacy of Los Angeles, California prepared the remedy according to the Hahnemannian method in January of 1985. The pharmacy originally purchased the mother-tincture from Boericke and Tafel in 1978. Potencies used were hand-succussed.


    Name Origination

    Over the centuries, common or garden Columbine has developed many names and descriptive associations. Many relate to its appearance (e.g., birds and bird’s feet):


    • Aquilegia, Latin for eagle, the flower’s spurs resemble an eagle’s talon.

    • Aqua, Latin for water and lego to collect, referring to the nectar holding spurs.

    • Culverwort from the Saxon culfre meaning pigeon and wyrt for plant, the petals resembling a gathering of pigeons.

    • Columba, the Latin word for dove, relating the flower petals to a circle of doves (in some cultures associated with love).

    • Other names include: Meeting Houses, Venus Plant, Jack-In-Trousers, Mary’s Bells, Granny’s Bonnet, and European Crowfoot.

    • German common names of the plant can be translated into Fairy’s Glove, Venus Carriage, Women’s Little Shoe, and Love Plant.



    Botanical Description

    Columbines belong to the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup family) that includes Aconitum, Cimicifuga, Clematis, Delphinium, Helleborus, Hydrastis, Pulsatilla, and Ranunculus. German botanists named this family Hahnenfuss-Gewaechse, rooster foot plants, a description related to the flower’s likeness to a bird’s foot. Columbines also compose the genus Aquilegia that contains about 8000 species of perennials.


    The common Columbine grows 30 to 60 cm (1 to 2 feet) high and about 45 cm (11⁄2 feet) wide. The flower is usually of an intense blue color; variations of pink, white or blue flowers with a white rim are also common. The blossom is arranged into two concentric circles; the inner five sepals assembled around gold-colored multiple stamens, the outer five petals tapering into narrowing trailing spurs. The rolled spurs at the back of the flower reach upward, resembling an eagle’s talons. A bluish-green color is characteristic of the plant’s leaves. The leaves grow on long stems and are divided into three parts, each forming a scalloped three-petal leaf with a slight resemblance to cloverleaves.


    “Our Columbine is at all times and in all places one of the most exquisitely beautiful of flowers.” John Borroughs



    Originally a hardy common plant growing in moderately dry sunny spots and in rock piles on the edges of forests and forest clearings in Europe, North Asia, North-West Africa, and North America, Aquilegia vulgaris is loosing its habitat of calcium-rich soil. Increased traffic in wilderness areas as well as increased ranching and agricultural land-use threaten the plant’s habitat. Its vivid coloring has also made it a desirable and over-picked flower. In 1985, to draw attention to its endangered status, Aquilegia vulgaris was declared Flower of the Year in Germany. It has also been added to the Red List of endangered plants in Switzerland. Many garden varieties are now cultivated worldwide.


    “Nothing is daintier or more beautiful than the color effect of this graceful blossom among the gray rocks of a hillside pasture.” F. Schuyler Mathews


    The Columbine’s susceptibility to extinction is increased by its limited ability to be pollinated. Only bumblebees with appropriately long tongues can reach deep down into the bottom of the spurs to pollinate the flower. Short-tongued bees and scavenger wasps bite holes into the spur at the back of the Lindman’s Bilder ur Nordens Flora, 1917, Cornell Library – www.alchemyworks.aquilegia_vulgaris.html.


    Chemical Composition

    New chemical compounds of Aquilegia vulgaris are still being discovered. It contains cyanogenic glycoside, flavonoid c-glycoside malonate, isocystososide (antioxidant and antimicrobial activity, hepato-protective effect), flavonoid emulsin, tannin, aquilegine, vitamin C, an uncharacterized alkaloid, and sphingolipid desaturase.


    Despite the fact that the wild or common Columbine has been ingested as tea and in salads, it is considered a poisonous plant. The consumption of approximately 20 grams of leaves has caused poisoning symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulties, heart pains, absent- mindedness, stupefaction, and confusion. Its toxins, however, are destroyed by heat and drying. Modern medicinal use of the plant has not been established. Little is known about cyanogenic glycoside, which is contained in the plant and may have cancer-causing properties.


    “The [plant’s] anti-microbial activity was tested by the method of series dilutions against different Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and also fungi. The results show that the extracts, sub-extracts, and isocytisoside inhibit growth of all studied micro-organisms, revealing Gram-positive the greatest activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. epidermis, and the mould Aspergillus niger.” 2



    Held in high esteem by Northern European populations, Aquilegia vulgaris (German: Akelei, Swedish: Akileija) was dedicated to the Norse goddess of love and fertility, Freya. According to mythology, Freya lived in a beautiful palace where love songs constantly played. Among her magical possessions was a coat of bird feathers that gave her the power to change into a falcon.


    “In this dream I was building a palace and then resting in it. I was so relaxed it was amazing.” Dreams: Prover #805


    Earliest accounts of the medicinal use of the plant are reported in Hildegard von Bingen’s (1098-1179) work Physica. Used as an aphrodisiac during medieval times, Tabernaemontanus suggested in his


    Neuw Kreuterbuch (new herb book) published in 1588 that applying the pulverized seeds to a groom’s palms would instantly arouse the bride. He also recommended drinking tea made from the roots and seeds to break the evil spell of impotence. The plant itself was mixed into straw-mattresses to cure infertility.


    The earliest reference to the wild or common Columbine as a garden plant (1410) is made in the painting, Paradiesgaertlein (Little Paradise Garden), painted by an unknown medieval master. Among the first botanical books, the Hortus Eystettensis recorded 12 cultivated varieties of the common Columbine in 1613. Around 1800 the North American Columbine became increasingly popular in Europe’s gardens. By 1900, the common Columbine was considered old fashioned and lost its place in fancy gardens. However, Aquilegia vulgaris can still be found in European gardens as often as the hybrid plants of North American varieties.



    Originally, the Columbine was dedicated to the goddess Freya, the patron goddess of crops and birth. She was the symbol of sensuality and was called upon in matters of love. She loved music, spring, flowers, and elves and was the most gracious and beautiful of all the goddesses. Old symbolism relating the plant to love and fertility has been preserved in paintings exhibiting sexual imagery, secret love and seduction, inconsistency and fickleness, desertion, and folly.3 For example, in the 17th century it was considered a faux pas to give a young woman a bouquet with Aquilegia because of its sexual symbolism. Another example includes, Ophelia in Shakespeare’s Hamlet giving a bouquet containing Columbines to King Claudius for his ingratitude and infidelity.


    “An older lawyer was having an affair with a younger woman. The woman asked to be provided with an apartment, he asked for 24-7 access.” Dreams: Prover #1005


    “Masturbating in the restroom of a grocery store, boyfriend was shopping, another woman laughing, because she knew I was masturbating in the next stall.” Dreams: Prover #205


    Over time, Christianity adopted the symbolic associations of Aquilegia with the goddess Freya and love. Elements of the plant’s original mythical symbolism were transferred to the Virgin Mary. For example, a 16th century painting depicting the flight to Egypt includes a Columbine growing at the feet of Mary’s donkey. Later Christian symbolism relates the plant’s seven blossoming flowers to the seven cardinal virtues of Christianity: faith, hope, charity, justice, temperance, prudence and fortitude. The plants perfect geometrical composition (according to the Golden Mean) and its number of flowers and petals (3, 5, and 7) relate it to divinity in paintings of Jesus and the Holy Spirit



    Healing and Herbal Applications

    By 1606, over 270 medicinal applications for Columbine were described. They include:

    • Astringent juice to heal wounds

    • Various plant parts to heal gum loss and jaundice

    • Crushed seeds to facilitate childbirth and to alleviate labor and menstrual pain

    • Crushed leaves to cure cancer

    • Spring shoots prepared like asparagus to prevent cancer

    • Entire plants used to protect young couples from bad magic (impotence and infertility)

    • Triturated juice of the leaves to heal skin rashes


    “A woodland walk, a quest for river-grapes, a mocking rush, a wild rose or rock-living columbine, salve my worst wounds.” R. W. Emerson


    Traditional folk medicine has used the common Columbine as an astringent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, narcotic, and parasiticide. It has been used to treat:

    • Inflammations of the pharynx and the throat

    • Liver (obstructions of openings, jaundice), spleen and gallbladder diseases

    • Diarrhea

    • Stomach complaints

    • Kidney stones

    • Dropsy

    • Measles and small pox

    • Nervousness

    • Easily angered people (sedative qualities)

    • Pain during menses and childbirth

    • Uterine bleeding

    • Eye diseases

    • Rheumatic aches and pains

    • Head lice (repellant)

    • Ulcers (used in a poultice); sores of mouth and throat

    Resting on the flight to Egypt, Meister von Mondsee, 1490-1500,

    Vienna –


    Modern flower essences containing Aquilegia vulgaris are said to provide insight into one’s true identity and highest purpose. It has also been used to assist the uncertain or those who are bewildered by life’s choices.


    Discoveries of the Proving

    Many proving symptoms coincide with historically recorded symptoms of poisoning with Aquilegia vulgaris. Poisoning reports and the current proving data both include mental symptoms consisting of difficult concentration, slowness, confusion, difficulty in decision-making, and deep calmness. It is interesting to note that early folk medicine used the plant to calm easily angered people and provers experienced states of unusual calm and/or agitation. Consequently, the remedy may assist in treating overly reactive states.


    Physical symptoms experienced by a majority of provers clearly point to the use of the remedy to treat nausea (especially in the morning), loss of appetite, stomach problems (especially at 10 AM), frequent and profuse diarrhea, headaches (especially right-sided and around 10 AM), restlessness, waking at night (especially around 3 AM), and menstrual problems. The proving also yielded throat pains, the lump sensation included in Clarke’s Materia Medica, and rash-like skin conditions.


    Dreams of provers reflect some mythological aspects of the goddess Freya: dreams about helping and saving children and infants; sexual dreams; and dreams about flowers, gardens, and mystical landscapes. Some dreams included environments similar to the habitat of the wild plant and some may have related to the structure of the plant (“meeting houses”). Strangely enough, there were manydreams about cars and car accidents. These dreams had colors of cars matching the colors of Aquilegia.


    It is worthwhile to compare Aquilegia vulgaris with Helleborus, Pulsatilla, Sepia, Ignatia, and Natrum muriaticum. Columbine may be helpful in the treatment of pregnancy-related nausea, menstrual conditions, a variety of headaches, and constrictive respiratory problems. The plants historical use for preventing and treating cancer as well as its content of cyanogenic glycoside may associate it with the cancer miasm.


    Mental Themes


    Indifference to other’s feelings

    Mind-chatter; internal dialogue; intolerable inner thoughts

    Mind separated from body; as if possessed by a second personality

    Like a witness; spectator to events

    Sense of distance; isolation

    Desire to be alone; better alone



    Irritable like PMS, irritable over small things, impatient with people

    Easy to anger (driving, throwing things, short fuse)


    Alternating States

    Exuberant - sluggish

    Irritability - good mood

    Mind-chatter - serenity

    Alert - lack of concentration


    Positive States

    Exuberant; elated

    Energy up; feeling high

    Centered; very present

    Relaxed; serene; peaceful



    Emotionally over-reactive; weeping easily

    To odors, heat, music, touch, taste, and noise

    Visual acuity



    Restless but too weak to move; restless at night

    Driven to get things done; need to clean


    Mental Clarity

    Alert; awake; clear

    Aware; focused

    Creative; expansive


    Difficulty Concentrating

    Foggy, groggy, and fuzzy thinking

    Slow reading; slow thinking

    Absentminded; forgetful

    Difficulty making decisions

    Spacey; empty headed

    Disoriented; no sense of time


    Lethargy - Slowness

    Sluggish; need to move slowly, slow in responding

    As if in slow motion, heavy like lead

    “Will vomit if I move fast”

    Averse to doing anything; unmotivated

    Extreme tiredness, tiredness after rising


    Themes in Dreams

    Magical Dreams

    Nature, landscapes, beautiful herbs and flowers; coves and caves; magical monsters; an unworldly garden “like paradise”; and a peaceful palace.


    Sexual Dreams

    Masturbating in a public bathroom; sexually hyperactive and glamorous; having sex with a stranger; having a lot of sex; necking in a parking lot; mother sexually abusing brother; lawyer having an affair; threat of sexual abuse; naked in public; sex and donuts.


    Beauty and Grace

    Costumes; make-up for wedding; beautiful dresses; fashion show; people in horse costumes (“striving

    for grace”).


    Gatherings and Groups

    Gatherings with friends and family in restaurants; social gatherings; weddings; conferences; groups of workmen, a group of energy beings with overlapping bodies; organizing events.


    Meeting Places

    Restaurants (mostly Italian); hotels; large houses; parking lots; classrooms; apartments; a camp; ski- lodge; amphitheatre; concert hall; atrium, movie theatre, cruise ship, bus.


    Steep Areas

    Cliffs; house on a hill; hiking to steep hills with lots of small buildings; hiking through a steep area to get to new building.


    Violence to Women

    Rape; women being roasted alive like turkeys; women disappear; physically abusive affair; fleeing from being set on fire.



    Being murdered; being shot; being held hostage; being choked; gun-shot wounds; blood and bleeding; copious amounts of blood; machine guns..



    Bears, dogs, wild animals, snakes, frogs, horses, earthworms, mosquitoes; protecting people from desert animals; pursued by animals.


    Cars and Car Accidents

    Red Corvette; convertible car; blue van; blue striped Semi-truck; white car; blue Camaro; blue Corvette, truck loosing control; eight-car crash with Semi-truck; car switching lanes causes accident; hot-air balloon smashed against a cliff.


    Cleanliness and Cleaning

    Dirty apartment; nasty bathroom; old food (chicken); clean city; cob-webs; particles falling from ceiling; carwash; neatly arranged house; cleaning out purse; cleaning windows; Goldie Locks cleaning up and leaving.


    Other themes identified include: Cooperation/coordination, helping others and rescuing, Open spaces (openness also reported as a physical sensation), forces of nature, Parts of buildings (including corroding materials), pregnancy, racing, trusting others/ being trustworthy/loyalty, watching myself, water.




    Some provers experienced contrasting symptoms over a few days' time. For example, mind chatter would alternate with quiet and calm; tiredness with lots of energy; inability to focus with unusual alertness.


    Emotionally oversensitive, temperamental 105, 205, 405, 1003, 3054

    Sad, weepy, crying, sobbing 205, 405, 1003

    Anxious, without reason 305, 404, 603, 605



    Prover numbers


    Impatient with people, short fuse 204, 305, 405, 705, 1403

    Irritated, agitated, cranky 805, 204, 305, 1104, 1005, 1103, 1104, 1403

    Mentally tired 105, 405, 1005, 1104

    Exhausted, sleepy 104, 304, 803, 1003, 1104, 1303

    Lethargic, move in slow motion, sluggish 205, 405, 503, 705, 1005,1303

    Brain foggy/fuzzy/dopey 204, 603, 705, 1005

    Slow processing/thinking/responding 105, 304, 403

    Hard to focus, difficulty concentrating 104, 304, 705, 1005, 503, 603

    Want to be left alone, quiet 305, 405,1104

    Averse to talking to people 305, 405, 805, 503

    Indifferent to other's feelings 405, 603, 803

    Restless 205, 305, 1104, 503, 603

    Strong desire to clean, obsessive cleaning 205, 603 (throughout the proving), 1104

    Alert/awake/clear/thinking clearly 503, 603, 1104

    More optimistic, patient, positive (more) 603

    Exuberant/high energy 305, 503,1303

    Hypersensitive to odors 603, 705

    Spacey, empty headed 105, 405, 403, 1103

    Chatter in head, can't stand inner thoughts 305, 503

    Second personality taking over 805 (throughout the proving)



    10:00 205, 405, 304, 1104, 503, 603, 603

    17:00 205, 405, 1005, 1204



    Restless, tossing and turning 205, 305, 1104, 503, 603

    Woke from physical discomfort or pain 205, 503, 904

    Woke from thirst 104, 503, 1003

    Woke from beautiful dream 1103

    Sensation watching myself in my sleep 805 (dreams)



    03:00 605, 904, 1104, 1003, 1003, 1003, 1003



    Sleepy, could not stay awake 204, 1103, 1303

    Body feels heavy 105, 805

    Body tingles, buzzes (like on speed) 1005, 403, 503

    Shakiness (body/hands) 705, 1104

    Feverish, raised temperature, warm 205, 603, 605, 805, 1204

    Cold, chilly and chills 205, 403, 404, 603, 805

    Dryness 805, 603

    CC6: Thirstlessness with cotton mouth 305



    > eating 305


    Only pre-dominant times are reported in this article, provers also experienced symptoms at other times.




    > cold and fresh air 1104, 705

    Chilled > warm clothing 603, 404



    10:00 705, 404, 603

    12:00 205, 404, 603, 1005

    15:00 204, 705, 1104

    17.00 305, 1103



    Pressure, pressing as from a cap 103, 205, 503, 803

    Dull pain 1403, 405, 705, 504, 403, 603

    Stabbing pain 603, 103, 601, 603, 705

    Electric shock 504

    Pulsing 103, 104, 503, 1303

    Tingling 503, 704

    Sensation as if suctioned 1303

    Light-headed/empty-headed 104, 904, 1103

    Head opened/expanded 503, 803

    Hot, warm, flush of heat 504, 1104, 1204, 503, 603

    Tingling temples 503

    CC: HA + flatulence 1303



    Parietal 105, 803

    Top of head 705, 1403

    HA R side 405, 503, 504, 603, 705, 1005, 504, 601, 603

    Moved L to R 105, 503

    HA moved to center 405, 1403

    HA forehead 605, 705, 603, 1303, 1403

    HA over left eye 305, 103, 1403



    < bending over 305

    > hot bath 104


    Time Progression

    Rapid onset and demise 105, 705, 1005, 504, 103



    10:00 904, 503, 1403, 405, 605, 705, 104, 504

    11:00 105, 104, 603, 1103




    Dizzy 405, 704, 503

    Off balance to left 705

    Circles spinning in head 204

    Dizzy with pressure on crown of head 503

    CC: Dizziness, tingling in upper head 704



    < movement 204




    Dry 305, 805

    Gluey 1403

    Eye strain, R eye 405

    Pressing pain on eyeball 305

    Twitching left lid 305, 404

    Eyes don't focus 305

    Must press to close eyes 805

    CC: Dry eyes and mouth and L stiff neck 305




    Loud noises hurt ears 203

    L ear dull pain 603

    R ear plugged 603, 605

    Itching/alternate itching in both ears 203, 603

    Pulse in ears racing 603



    Left 203, 603

    Moving R to L 203



    15:00 503, 603, 1303




    Thirstless, cottonmouth 305

    Chapped lips 204, 603, 1003, 1403

    Lips dry, parched 403, 404, 603, 1403

    Metallic taste 803, 904, 503, 1303

    Tingling sensations 503, 803

    CC: Metallic taste with heartburn/burping 904



    10:00 503,503, 503




    Sore 205, 305, 603, 1104, 403, 803, 1003, 1205

    Burning, raw 305, 603, 1204

    Dryness 705, 603, 1104

    Tickling 304, 403

    Scratchy 1104, 403

    Lump 403, 603


    Tonsils feel enlarged 1104, 1003


    Swollen glands L, tingling chin/forehead 503



    Back of 305, 603, 705, 1204

    Right 605, 1204

    Left 304, 503

    Upper 403, 603



    > sipping cold water 304, 1204



    07:00 705, 803, 803

    08:00 205, 403, 503, 603




    Appetite decreased 205, 605, 504, 403, 805

    Hungry, empty feeling 1003, 404, 705, 1003

    Thirsty 605, 503, 603, 904,1403

    Heartburn 103, 904, 1003, 1005

    Nauseated 104, 103, 403, 603,605, 503

    Vomited 3 to 4 times 403

    Stomach gurgling 403, 1003

    Burping with metallic taste 904

    Hiccup 404, 1103

    Painful hiccup, as if stabbed 1104

    Burping 904, 1003, 1103

    CC: Heartburn, metallic taste/intense thirst 904



    Nausea > after lunch 104

    Gurgling gas, burping, leaning forward, agg. 1003



    10:00 104, 503, 503, 603, 603, 1103, 1403

    12:00 404, 503, 603, 1003




    Heaviness, difficult breathing 205, 503

    Pressing sensation with shortness of breath 703, 603

    Constriction/tightness 603, 703, 705

    L breast tender as if before menses 705

    Swollen breasts as if before menses 1005

    Lymph glands L breast/armpit feel tender 503

    Stabbing chest pain, 1" above sternum 103, 205



    < motion, deep breathing, > pressure 1003



    10:00 205, 705, 705, 603




    Tingling neck to head, radiated to cheeks 704

    Buzzing in neck moving to head 704

    Zigzag jolt left side neck 705

    Stiff, left side 305

    Nerve pain L neck shooting to occiput 603

    Deep chill back of neck 704



    Stiff neck > after eating 305




    Sex drive increased 205, 504 (14 days), 503, 603

    Menses one week early 205, 305, 403

    Uterine cramping without menses 104, 603

    Menses light, not as painful 403

    Menses, no pain, discomfort 503

    Cycle was shorter, less blood 603



    Cramps as if menses, > rubbing, rest 104


    Two months after taking the first dose of this remedy, Prover #1303 experienced a return of female

    symptomatology experienced during 1995 to 1998, including intense vaginal burning, suppuration of

    vaginal skin, and spotting during ovulation.



    All provers with back symptoms indicated that symptoms lasted/recurred for two or more days.



    Lower back achy/weak (as before period) 305

    Ache moving to lower back 705

    Pain, hot, vibrating in spine, radiating to R 1303

    Lower back sore, as if menses 104




    No bowel movement 3-4 days 205, 603

    Pellets, like deer droppings 605


    During the proving women experienced back pain similar to pains experienced during menses, without having or

    expecting a menses.


    Increase of BM’s/day 705, 1204

    Urgent 705, 1204

    Loose 705, 204,1204

    Profuse 705, 204

    Sulphur odor 1204

    CC: Diarrhea with pain perineum 705



    08:00 705, 705, 204, 1204


    Selected Rubrics


    Delusion is an island, enjoying tranquility

    Delusion, possessed, that he or she is

    Delusion, identity, errors of personal identity


    Irritability, husband, toward

    Senses, acute

    Spaced-out feeling



    Pain, 10 AM

    Dull, morning

    Dull, temples, right

    Dull forehead

    Heat, flushes of






    Pain, sore

    Lump sensation



    Pressed in, as if

    Constriction, morning, 10 AM



    Appetite, diminished

    Nausea, eating after



    Sexual desire, increased

    Menses, frequent, too early, seven days


    Rubrics listed are based on symptoms experienced by three or more provers, symptoms of unusual intensity or extended duration.




    Waking, 3 AM



    Shocks, electric-like

    Open air, ameliorates

    Morning, 10 AM, aggravates


    Words of Appreciation

    My special thanks go to our homeopathic heroes, our provers and their supervisors, taking time in their busy lives to contribute to the body of homeopathic knowledge. I would like to thank Amy E. Lockwood, MS, CHom, homeopath, and homeopathic writer/editor in Fort Collins, CO ( and Dorothy Simoni, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Cal Poly Pomona, and aspiring homeopath in Boulder, CO ( for their relentless attention to detail and their dedication to this proving.


    Barbara Seideneck, CHom, CCH, RSHom (NA) is a German homeopath practicing in Boulder, CO

    ( She is the founder and director of the Homeopathy School of Colorado, established in 1991. Barbara has conducted provings of Amethyst, Ayahuasca (Magic Vine), and Emerald. Barbara enjoys her free time in the beauty of the Rocky Mountains. For detailed symptoms of the proving, see