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    Fabiana imbricata

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    REMEDY ABBREV.

    Fab.

    MASTER PROVER

    Dr. Martin Stübler, Carsten Böttcher, Ursula Respondek, Germany

    Niedersächsische Akademie für Homöopathie und Naturheilverfahren e.V.

    YEAR

    1988/ 1989

    PROVING METHOD

    Double blind, randomized trial, placebo phase included

    PLACEBO?

    Yes, all provers received placebo in one phase of the proving

    BLINDING?

    remedy unknown to the 76 provers and supervisors

    PHARMACY OF REMEDY IN PROVING

    DHU, Germany

    Description of the substance

    A homoeopathic drug proving- now termed a homeopathic pathogenetic trial- of Fabiana imbricata, Pichi Pichi

    Eine homöopathische Arzneimittelprüfung von Fabiana imbricata, Pichi Pichi, auch falsche Heide genannt

     

    Proving document available  in German Here

     

    The Foto is kindly offered by A. Höggemeier, RUB, Botanischer Garten. All rights reserved to the owner

     

     

    A proving of the homeopathic remedy Fabiana imbricata (Pichi)

     

    Supervisors: Dr. Martin Stübler, Carsten Böttcher, Ursula Respondek

     

    Niedersächsische Akademie für Homöopathie und Naturheilverfahren e.V.

    Academy of Homeopathy and Naturopathy in Lower Saxony, reg. soc.

     

    Composition and execution of proving:

    Eighty-one subjects took part in the proving, as a result 76 records were evaluated. The proving took place from October 1988 to the spring of 1989.

     

    Executed as a double-blind survey neither the supervisors nor the subjects knew the medication. What was known was that in the two phials of 10 ml of globules, issued to the subjects one contained the remedy (verum), the other a placebo. 

    In the phials of verum the potencies D 6 or C 30 were randomized. The allocation of placebo and verum was only known to DHU who also kindly supplied the testing substances and only disclosed them in the advanced stage of evaluation. The test persons were recruited from the professional training courses B and C, in Celle and Bad Brückenau. Unfortunately some test persons were not too highly motivated to keep a journal so that in all 96 symptoms for the remedy were established.

     

    During the testing phase regional physicians could be consulted. The consultant physicians gave a first assessment after the testing presenting the symptoms of the test subjects chronologically and unabridged. This first assessment is supportive of the actual assessment and thereby of the assessment and classification of the symptoms in verum and placebo symptoms in the academy.

     

    Proving Phases:

    --- Anamnesis for the determination and definition of personal pathology

    --- Preparatory medical observation: 7 days (a week)

    --- 1st administration: max. 7 days

    --- Sequential observation: min. 7 days

    --- 2nd administration: max. 7 days

    --- Secondary observation: min. 14 days (a fortnight)

     

    The first and second phase of administration showed following pattern:

    Only one intake a day for the first three days. Should there be no significant change in the condition the intake ratio could be raised from the fourth day on. The standard was 5 globules per intake. However the intake was to end latest on day 7.

     

    Every phase of administration was followed by a phase of secondary observation to continue until the change of condition had subsided. If no change of condition occurred the first of the following observation phases was to last for 7 days (a week), the second 14 days ( a fortnight) Female provers were especially required to continue their observations for a longer period of time, as it is known that deviations from the normal menstrual cycle can occur even later.

     

    Evaluation:

    Phial No 1 contained placebo, phial no 2 randomized potencies of D 6 and C 30.  The placebo/ verum allocation was obtained from DHU in advance of the evaluation so that a selection of symptoms could be chosen. At this point in time it ensured the remedy for proving to remain nearly completely undisclosed and secret.

     

    Selection criteria:

    1) First occurrence of the symptom in the verum phase only, i.e. the proving stage after taking the initial medication for proving.

     

    2) Reoccurrence of earlier idiopathic symptoms that had no longer existed at least one year before the proving.

     

    3) Significant deterioration, improvement or disappearance of idiopathic symptoms

     

    4) Occurrence of a symptom in the preparatory stage or the placebo phase with a marked deterioration in the verum phase

     

    5) Comparison of similar symptoms of different test persons among the test population. (interpersonal comparison)

     

    According to the criteria mentioned above 96 symptoms were found which can be regarded as genuine proving reactions. Only now was the remedy disclosed as Fabiana imbricata (Pichi).

     

     

    Fabiana imbricata (Pichi)

    The plant Fabiana imbricata, Pichi (Pichi Pichi) or K`oa, as it is called in its native South America, is a member of the solanaceae (night shade) family.

     

    Up to now there is little to report on this plant. It is an indeciduous shrub of one or two meters in height, thickly deliquesced with small slate-like leaves piled one over the other bringing forth mostly white tubular or funnel-shaped individual flowers at the end of the twig. The shrub strongly resembles heather. Growing wild the plant is only found in the Andes region of Argentine, Bolivia, Chile, and the south western parts of Brazil. As a decorative plant it has in the meantime also become popular in Europe. Fabiana imbricata, like all solanaceae is poisonous. That is true for the complete plant. Chemical analysis showed it to contain the coumarin derivative scopoletine in the tips of its twigs. Further agents are alcane, fatty acids, fabianine, anthrachinone, essential oils and terpene. Here the herb and the wood of the shrub are exploited.

     

    The Indians had many different ways of using this plant. As a slight intoxicant it was given the name Pichi Pichi. They only used dried twig tips. In religious ceremonies and healings it found widespread application. Furthermore Fabiana was used as an herbal tonic for kidney complaints and ailments of the complete urogenital system. The tisane was also used as a purgative, as a diuretic and as a tonic for stomach complaints. In South America it was also common knowledge that Fabiana could be applied against liver flukes, which later might have led to the recommendation that it helped generally with any liver complaint.

     

    Due to the lack of homeopathic drug proving we find many hints from natural medicine in Boericke and Clarke’s pharmacies on possible areas of indication for this remedy. And so it is said to be applicable to chronic cystitis, painful and sceptic urination, acute or chronic gonorrhoea, inflammation of the prostate gland, kidney and gall stones, to liver complaints and nasal catarrh. It has tonic and bile enhancing propensities. It is comparable to the terebinth tree and seems to be similar in its range of effects. And in fact the plant contains terpenes.

     

    In a first hand report A. Stiegele hints at the efficacy of the remedy when applied for a so-far ineffectively treated pyelitis, tuberculosis of the kidney and the bladder and the tenesmusses of the contracted bladder.

    He also compares it to terebinthina. Fabiana was also a great success in the case described by Stiegele of a persistent anal fistula with 18 apertures treated for months without success at a surgical clinic. Here Fabiana D 2 brought relief in a short period of time. Unfortunately Stiegele makes no indication as to what made him administer Fabiana imbricata in such a  case.

     

    Moreover in the literature there were hints at an effect in the range of “lumbago“. However the origins of these findings cannot be traced.

     

    So far there has been no homeopathic remedy proving for Fabiana imbricata. The proving at hand is the first ever. The results of the proving show that this substance can evoke results in a variety of fields, some appear to confirm the investigation of local traditional medicine. It is necessary to verify the results ascertained and furthermore to gain more information on the remedy.

     

     

    List of symptoms Fabiana imbricata (Pichi) 1988

    A proving with potencies D6 und C 30

     

     

    MIND

     

    More balanced, cheery

    1.

    Prov.12, f., 42y., C 30

    Towards the end of the verum intake, she feels more balanced, although usually she feels more irritable before menses, which did not come up this time (Sy. 71)

     

    2.

    Prov.15, f., 35y., C 30

    At the first day of observation after verum phase, she feels more balanced despite the beginning of her menses (Sy. 72)

     

    3.

    Prov. 26, f., 45 y., C 30

    After finishing the proving, during the period of self- observation she realizes that during the week of verum intake she was slower but as well less excitable and less aggressive than usual. She felt herself more peaceful.

     

    4.

    Prov.34, m., 37y., C 30

    After finishing the proving during the period of self- observation and looking back to the time of  verum phase, he describes himself as giddy, foolish, which he finds unusual. Usually, he feels himself being a more serious man.

     

    5.

    Prov. 38,m., 33y., C 30

    Towards the end of verum intake the wife of the prover considers: he has been more cheerful during the last days, although clinic is not running so well, which usually makes him feel depressed and sorrow-stricken. (Sy.10)

     

    6.

    Prov.55, m., 32y., C 30

    Well being at all days despite the stress of Christmas- time. He even infected others with his good mood. This feeling of well- being lasts further during the observation phase after verum.

     

    Restlessness

    7.

    Prov. 29, m., 32y., C 30

    At 7. day of verum intake (4x5 Glob.) there is a general restlessness of thoughts, diminished ability to concentrate, worse in the evening.

     

    Sensation of separation from the surrounding

    8.

    Prov.26, f., 45 y, C 30

    At 2. Day of verum (1x5 Glob.), when already feeling general abjectness, she feels strong sensations of foreignness towards the whole non-family- environment.

     

    9.

    Prov. 37, f., 38y., D 6

    At 4th day of verum intake (1x5 Glob.), she feels a distance towards her friends, she feels internally dull, emotionally cool, as if behind a wall. She wants to cry but she cannot. This lasts until 6th day of verum intake (1x5 Glob.).

     

    10.

    Prov. 38, m., 33y., C 30

    At first day of verum intake (1x5 Glob.), around 1 hour after intake, the prover felt in the time between 8:30 to 10:30 o`clock as if he would not be present, as if the distance between him and his patients was larger than usual. (sy. 5)

     

    11.

    Prov. 65,f., 37 y., C 30

    At 4th day of verum intake (5x5 Glob.) at early afternoon, there was a kind of “absent feeling”. She had the sensation of being mentally only half present

     

    Time passes too slowly

    12.

    Prov. 33, m., 36 y., D 6

    At 5th day of verum intake (4x5 Glob.) around 16:oo he had the sensation, as if the time would pass slower, with this strong physical weakness and restlessness in the whole body (sy. 95)

     

     

    SLEEP

    13.

    Prov.6, m., 31 y., D 6

    At 3rd day and 4th day of verum intake (4x5 Glob.) the prover notes restless sleep with frequent waking. At 4th day of verum, confusing dreams are present additionally.

     

    14.

    Prov. 27, m., 36 y., D 6

    From 1st to 3rd and 6th day of observation phase after verum- phase, sleep was disturbed due to restlessness of the left lower limb, which hindered the prover to sleep (verum- intake was 1st to 3rd day 1x5 Glob.) (sy. 88).

     

    15.

    Prov.29, m., 32y., C 30

    At 6th day of verum (4x5 Glob.), a difficulty to fall asleep starts, which is caused by a general restlessness, especially of the lower limbs. Around 1:30 at night, this restlessness of the lower limbs and an increasing vivacity forces him to get up and to move around (sy. 89).

     

    16.

    Prov. 90, f., 51 y., C 30

    At 2nd day of verum (1x5 Glob.) after restless sleep, frequent waking at night and vivid dreams towards the morning. Rising from bed around 5:00 in the morning. Nevertheless, she feels less tired than the day before.

     

     

    VERTIGO

    17.

    ProV.12, f., 42 y., C 30

    From 1st to 3rd day of verum (each 1x5 Glob.), the prover feels vertigo and slightly dizzy. At 2nd day of verum, the vertigo starts towards the evening. At 3rd and 6th day of verum immediately after intake a dull pressure in forehead, from which the vertigo seemed to origin.

     

     

    HEAD

    18.

    Prov.1, m., 37 y., C 30

    Known to him were occasionally dull pains in forehead, occiput and neck. Slight pain in forehead and neck appear as well in the observation- period before the beginning of the proving at 3rd and 4th day and during the placebo phase at 5th and 6th day.

    Then, at 4th day of verum intake, a new quality of pain starts, a slight pressure above right eyebrow. At 8th day of verum (increasing the frequency of intake: 6th day 4x5 glob., 7th day 6x5 glob., 8th day 5x5 Glob.) after intake a pressing pain in the middle of forehead starts, together with urging to urinate. From 1st to 7th day of observation phase after verum- phase, increasing complaints at the head. 1st day of observation phase after verum, headache above both eyebrows, very painful on pressure, towards the evening, in addition to the pressing headache, nausea appears. Motion of eyes are painful, perspiration axillae and nausea on slightest exertion. At 2nd day of observation phase after verum phase, towards the morning, only little pressure is left at right temple. From 11:00 forenoon, the headache increases again, extending from right forehead into occiput, partially strong shooting pain, rest amel. The right side of neck is painfully tense. At 4th to 7th day of observation phase after verum phase, the pain still lasts at right side, mostly pressing pain with temporarily extension into neck, on and off shooting through right half of head like a twitch.

     

    19.

    Prov. 7, f., 23 y, D 6

    At 14th day of verum intake (2x5 Glob. since 12 days) in the afternoon, headache starts with the sensation as if someone would crush her brain between 2 brackets

     

    20.

    Prov. 20, f., 26 y., D 6

    At 3rd day of verum (15 glob.) around 19:00 dull pressing pain above the eyes, better by solid rubbing of temples and root of nose and in open air; this disappears around 22:00 in the evening after a cup of hot chocolate and a glass of wine. At 4th day of verum intake (1x5 Glob.), again pressing headache behind and above the eyes, which disappears after eating. At 5th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.), around 18:00 in the evening, pain at forehead, dull- pressing, left worse than right, a bit better by stronger pressing and rubbing at the temples.

    From 21:00 in the evening, hot head and a slight sensation of nausea appears, which goes away on its own. The headache lasts the whole evening, only after laying down it becomes better. At 6th day (5x5 Glob.), immediately after intake, slight sensation of pain in forehead, which disappears on its own after short time.

     

    21.

    Prov. 22, m., 37 y., C 30

    At 6th day of verum intake (3x5 glob.) during intake a diffuse, dull, slight headache, especially below left orbita. At forenoon dull sensation in head “ as if steamed in a water bath”.

     

    22.

    Prov. 96, m., 35 y., D 6

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob). ½ h. after intake sensation of a slight pressure in occiput, which reduces in open air. At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) around afternoon time, dull pressure in head with drawing sensation at the appendage of the muscles of the neck, which disappears around 17:00 in the afternoon.

     

     

    EYES

    23.

    Prov. 81, m., 34 y., C 30

    Known to him via examination of an ophthalmologist is a lack of cup cells, and due to this a lack of secretion of eye water (tears), causing dryness of the eyes, after bacterial conjunctivitis. Therefore a tendency to recurrent conjunctivitis.

    During all proving phases except the verum phase, the prover did daily suffer of this known dryness of eyes in more or less intensity.

    During the verum phase (1st to 3rd day 1x5 glob., 4th day 2x5 glob., 5th day 2x5 glob. and 1x10 glob., 6th day 1x5 glob. and 3x10 glob. and 3x20 glob. and then all the rest of the globuli in the bottle) no single complaints of the eyes were present, only at 5th day of verum intake, a slight dryness was present.

     

     

    EAR

    24.

    Prov. 14, f., 45 y, D 6

    During final phase of self observation, the prover mentions that she was burdened since weeks with the known personal symptom of hardness of hearing during the course of the proving (this was due to a lasting catarrh of the ear tubes).

    But she found noticeable that this hardness of hearing became much better in the 2nd phase of intake, even was nearly gone for about 8 days and disappeared completely in the last days of this phase of intake (verum) until the 4th day of observation phase after verum.

     

    25.

    Prov. 20, f., 26 y., D 6

    At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 Glob.) around 19:00 in the evening, pressure on both ears, slightly drawing pain from left ear extending into throat.

     

    26.

    Prov. 96, m., 35 y., D 6

    Known to the prover are occasional complaints with the ears, but this did not occur before the proving and was not present during the first phases of the proving. At 4th day of verum (3x5 glob.), from 17:00 in the afternoon onwards a sensation arises as if the right ear would be blocked, as if it is swollen internally. At 5th day of verum intake (5x5 glob.), in the morning dull sensation in left ear, which disappears after a while. In the evening after intake, again the sensation as if both ears would be blocked with cotton wool, a pressure in ear as if after quick change of level of hights.

    At 6th day of verum intake (8x5 glob.) this sensation of pressure in both ears is already present in the morning, worse right side. At 7th day of verum intake (9x5 glob), less pressure in both ears, a slight sensitivity of the walls of the meatus, sensitive to pressure and touch. From afternoon time 15:00 onwards, both ears feel free again. At 2nd day of observation after verum phase, again slight sensitivity of the external meatus bilateral, left side worse than right side. At 3rd day of observation phase after verum phase, still slight sensitivity of left meatus, right side is ok now.

     

     

    MOUTH

     

    Taste

    27.

    Prov. 50, m., 41 y., C 30

    At 1st, 3rd to 4th day (1x5, 2x5 glob.) the prover senses a metallic taste at the hard palate immediately after intake

     

    28.

    Prov. 70, m., 33 y., C 30

    At 6th (2x5 glob.) and 7th (3x5 glob.) day of verum intake an unpleasant taste appears in the mouth and in the same time, there is a whitish coating of the tongue (sy.31)

     

     

    LIPS

    29.

    Prov. 77, m., 36 y., C 30

    At 3rd to 5th (1x5 and 3x5 glob.) and 7th day (3x5 glob.) appearance of rough, dry, cracky lips. From 2nd to 7th day of observation after verum phase, again rough, dry lips

     

    30.

    Prov. 38, m., 33 y., C 30

    From 5th to 7th day of observation after verum phase, for the first time cracks in the right corner of mouth appears, until now, this symptom always appeared only at left side. (Sy. 93)

     

     

    TONGUE

    31.

    Prov. 70, m., 33 y., C 30

    At 2nd and 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob. each day), the tongue is covered whitish in the morning. This disappears during the day. From 4th to 7th day of verum intake (in total 10x5 glob.) this whitish covering on tongue stays unchanged. Only a little spot at the backward, median third of the tongue does not have this covering. At 6th and 7th day of verum intake, additional sensation of an unpleasant taste (Sy. 28). This covering reduces slowly during the first 3 days of observation phase after verum intake phase.

     

     

    TEETH

    32.

    Prov. 35, f., 37 y., C 30

    At 7th day of verum intake (9x5 glob.), appearance of pain in teeth at right upper jaw, which lasts until 5th day of observation after verum phase. The pain was partially of drawing character, it was constantly present and extended to the right ear.

     

     

    GUMS

    33.

    Prov. 74, f., 26 y., D 6

    At 6th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) sore gums, swelling of left upper – and lower jaw outside, contact with food is painful.

     

    34.

    Prov. 79, f., 35 y., D 6

    At 4th day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) slight swelling of right upper jaw with painfulness on pressure and bleeding gums in this area.

     

    35.

    Prov. 90, f., 51 y., C 30

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.), gums are bright red at left upper jaw, swollen, painful on touch. At 5th day this inflammation of gums is better at the evening.

     

     

    INNER THROAT

    36. 

    Prov. 16, 30 y., D 6

    2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) roughness and scraping in throat with desire to clear ones throat, this lasted the whole day long. At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.), waking with pain in throat.

     

    Oesophagus

    37.

    Prov. 6, ,m., 31 y., D 6

    At 1st day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) around 15:00 in the afternoon sensation of foreign body in the oesophagus at high of jugulum, which lasted for 1 h.

     

    38.

    Prov. 32, f., 36 y., C 30

    At 4th day (2x5 glob.) of verum intake, at 3 o`clock in the afternoon, a very painful cramp-like sensation in the area of oesophagus and diaphragm (s y. 53) comes up, accompanied with nausea and eructations ( sy. 46).

     

    39.

    Prov. 74, f., 26 y., D 6

    At 1st day of observation after verum phase, the prover feels a scraping in throat in the morning, together with the sensation as if the whole oesophagus has this scraping sensation until down to stomach. Drinking warm and cold drinks amel.

     

     

    STOMACH

     

    Aversion / desire

    40.

    Prov. 45, m.,38 y., D 6

    At 2nd to 4th day of verum intake (in total 4x5 glob.) and at 1st and 2nd day of observation phase after verum phase, an unknown aversion to fat food and aversion eating too much, in general rather a reduction of appetite. This is accompanied with abdominal complaints (sy.54), nausea (sy. 54) and sometimes slight heartburn.

     

    Prov. 62, m., 32 y., D 6

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) there is an increased desire for sweets during the whole day, which he eats in quite some amount after lunch. He feels very well in doing so and has no digestive complaints with eating this amount of sweets.

     

    42.

    Prov. 68, m., 34 y., C 30

    At 1st and 2nd day of observation after verum phase, around 22:00 in the evening an unusual craving for sweets arises.

     

    43.

    Prov. 96, m., 35 y., D 6

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) during breakfast, no desire for sweets on his bread as usual, but for cheese.

     

     

    STOMACH PAIN

    44.

    Prov. 32, f., 36 y., C 30

    At 1st, 3rd and 4th day of observation after verum phase, pain in the stomach during daytime, which is amel. by eating. As soon as the stomach empties, a sensation of pressure occurs, as if the stomach would be squeezed” and a slight pain, one time in combination with nausea (sy. 53). After eating no clear sensation of satiation as usual

     

    Nausea

    45.

    Prov. 7, f., 23 y., D 6

    At 5th day of verum intake (2x5 glob.), nausea and the sensation of nearly needing to vomit since rising from bed.

     

    46.

    Prov, 32, f., 36 y., C 30

    At 4th and 7th day of verum intake (2x5 glob. each day) and at 1st, 3rd and 5th day of observation after verum phase, nausea in the morning, amel. after breakfast. At 4th day of verum intake, added by eructations and a cramping sensation in oesophagus (sy. 53). At 4th day of observation after verum phase, the nausea is accompanied by stomach pain.

     

    47.

    Prov. 45, m., 38 y., D 6

    From 2nd to 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob. each day) there was nausea. It started at the evening of the 2nd day and was amel. by open air. At daytime, it started already early morning, increased around 11:00 o`clock, was accompanied with nausea, stomach complaints (sy. 54), less appetite and an aversion to fat (sy. 40).

     

    48.

    Prov. 65, f., 37 y., C 30

    At 4th (5x5 glob) and 6th day (6x5 and 3x10 glob.) of verum intake, a slight nausea arises at the afternoon around 4-6 o`clock, which is accompanied at the 6th day with a sensation of fullness in the stomach

     

     

    ABDOMEN

    49.

    Prov.1, m., 37 y., C 30

    After intake at 1st day of verum phase, seconds later a fine, sharp stitching pain came up in the umbilicus and a bit below. At 6th day of verum intake after normal stool a fine, drawing sensation below the umbilicus. At 4th day of observation after verum phase, around midnight, a drawing pain in umbilicus, extending in a straight line downwards into the penis.

     

    50.

    Prov.1, m., 37 y., C 30

    At 3rd day of verum intake, after taking the verum (1x5 glob.), a pinching pain in right middle- and lower abdomen occurred, soon followed by passing wind with no smell, this occurred repeatedly in intervals of several minutes. At 6th day of verum intake immediately after taking the globuli (4x5 glob.), milling (grumbling) noise in bowels, pinching pain in right side of middle abdomen and discharge of flatus. At 1st and 4th day of observation after verum phase, slightly drawing and pinching pain in bowels in the area of middle and lower abdomen.

     

    51.

    Prov. 6, m., 31 y., D 6

    At 5th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.), a pressing pain in upper abdomen starts around 4 o`clock in the afternoon after a full fare meal (?). Amel only around 19:00 in the evening after stool. At 6th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) slight rumbling in middle of upper abdomen.

     

    52.

    Prov. 29, m., 32 y., C 30

    At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.), already when waking up, there are abdominal pains in the lower abdomen and rumbling in the bowels. After breakfast, a gushing diarrhea without pain appeared only once.

     

    53.

    Prov.32, f., 36y., C 30

    At 4th day of verum intake (2x2 glob.) and at 4th day of observation after verum phase, at both days around 3 o`clock in the afternoon a strongly painful cramp in the diaphragm came up, as if “ it would be wrung out”. At 4th day of verum intake this was connected with a cramp in oesophagus (sy. 38). At 4th day of observation after verum phase, nausea (sy.46) and pain in stomach (sy. 44) were additionally present.

     

    54.

    Prov. 45, m., 38 y., D 6

    At 3rd (2x5 glob.) and 4th day (2x5 glob.) of verum intake, and at 1st and 2nd day of observation after verum phase, pressure, fullness, distension and pain of abdomen. At 4th day of verum intake, additionally stitching pain in the region of the liver. The complaints in the abdomen were accompanied by nausea (sy. 47), sometimes heartburn, aversion to fat and reduced appetite. (sy. 40).

     

     

    Flatulence

    55.

    Prov.1, m., 37 y., C 30

    At 3rd day of verum intake, after taking the verum (1x5 glob.), a pinching pain in right middle- and lower abdomen occurred, soon followed by passing wind with no smell, this occurred repeatedly in intervals of several minutes. At 6th day of verum intake immediately after taking the globuli (4x5 glob.), milling (grumbling) noise in bowels, pinching pain in right side of middle abdomen and discharge of flatus. At 8th day of verum intake directly after intake, (5x5 glob.) simultaneous pinching pain in right side of middle abdomen. At 9th day of observation after verum phase, discharge of stinking flatus around 10:00 at forenoon, in the same time discharge of soft, voluminous stool.

     

    56.

    Prov. 6, m., 31 y., D 6

    At 5th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) around 9:00 in the morning there was appearance of strong flatulence. At 1st and 3nd day of observation after verum phase, again strong distension with flatulence appeared.

     

     

    Stool

    57.

    Prov. 1, m., 37 y., C 30

    At 1st to 5th day in verum phase (in total 5x5 glob.) stool very soft. At 5th day of observation after verum phase he passed voluminous, soft stool. At 9th day of observation after verum phase, frequent urging for stool and discharge of voluminous, soft stools with offensive flatus.

     

    58.

    Prov. 12, f., 42 y., C 30

    During verum phase at 6th day (4x5 glob. since 3 days) she realizes that the usual constipation before menses is absent. Instead, she evacuates easy and regular. She mentions that she never had such a regular discharge of stool like in these 2 weeks of verum intake (1st to 3rd day: 1x5 glob., 4th to 7th day: 4x5 glob.). even during a trip at a weekend, she had regular stools, although usually, this is even worse when travelling.

     

    59.

    Prov. 29, m., 32 y., C 30

    At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.), a painless, gushing diarrhea occurred once after breakfast (7:45). Before, there was abdominal pain in lower abdomen, rumbling in bowels already on waking.

     

    60.

    Prov. 65, f., 37 y., C 30

    At 2nd to 4th day of verum intake ( in total 7x5 glob.), stool is more firm than usual.

     

    61.

    Prov. 77, m., 36 y., C 30

    At 3rd and 6th day of verum intake (1x5 and 3x5 glob.), he notices discharge of paste-like stool in the morning and in the evening. At 2nd day of observation after verum phase he notices  flatulence and again defecation in the morning and evening.  Consistence of stool is soft.

     

    62.

    Prov. 79, f., 35 y., D 6

    At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) slight diarrhea

     

     

    URINARY TRACT

    63.

    Prov.16, f., 30 y., D 6

    At 3rd day of verum intake, a strong urge to urinate occurs around 19:45 in the evening. After urination, suddenly strong burning pain. This pain lasts, burning pain of the region of outer genitals. Additionally, a pressing sensation occurs, as if “ something would like to fall out”, not ameliorated by sitting. Again urging to urinate with strong inner restlessness. The pains nearly drive her crazy. She has to weep due to the pain. Lying and warmth of bed slightly amel. At 1st day of observation after verum phase, slight burning for 1-2 minutes in the morning after urination. From 4 o`clock in the afternoon onwards again strong urging to urinate, the burning pain after urination increases again in intensity. Sensation as if there would be a ball in lower abdomen. Medium burning pain the whole evening. At 2nd day of observation after verum phase, there still is light burning pain after urination. At 3rd day of observation after verum phase, burning during and after urination, meanwhile appearing in irregular intervals during the day. At 4th day of observation after verum phase, from 16:00 in the afternoon onwards, again burning during and after urination. Involuntary urination once, bloody urine. 1x, she did not realize that her urine passes the urethra. She slightly feels the region of the kidneys at both sides in form of pressure. At 5th day of observation after verum phase, pain and drawing pain in both renal beds, no extension of pain, motion agg., lying amel. and warmth amel.. Slightly raised temperature of 37 °C. Meanwhile, she is afraid of developing a pyelonephritis and chronic disease of the kidneys, that`s why she interrupts the proving then and was treated with Antibiotics then.

     

    64.

    Prov. 32, f., 36 y., C 30

    At 6th (2x5 glob.) and 7th day of verum intake (2x5 glob.) and at 1st day of observation after verum phase the prover describes that despite a full bladder, she cannot empty her bladder with the usual pressure. It is as if the water is discharged out only slowly.

     

    65.

    Prov. 59, m., 36 y., D 6

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) increased urging to urinate.

     

    66.

    Prov. 73, f., 28 y., C 30

    At 4th day of verum intake (2x5 glob.) there is frequent urging to urinate (approx. every 2 hours, but without burning).

     

    67.

    Prov. 74, f., 26 y., D 6

    Known to her is a recurrent cystitis, but not apparent during the time before the proving and the first phases of the proving. At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) in the morning after waking, 3-4 times passing of urine with slight burning in short intervals. In the afternoon there is a constant urging to urinate. Towards the evening, the intervals of urination are back to normal, but still there is slight burning after urination. This lasts, at 4th day of verum intake (2x5 glob.) she drinks a lot but does not take any medication, because she is not sure whether this would be a reaction to the proving substance. At 5th day of verum intake (3x5 glob.) still a slight burning after urination. At 6. Day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) still frequent urging to urinate but without complains. At 7th day of verum intake (5x5 glob.), no disturbance any more concerning the bladder.

     

     

    URINE

    68.

    Prov. 16, f., 30 y., D 6

    In the course of a kidney- and bladder affection (sy. 60), at 4th day of observation after verum phase from 4 o`clock in the afternoon onwards, again burning pain during and after urination with unnoticed involuntary urination once.

     

    69.

     Prov. 29, m., 32 y., C30

    At 4th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) around 6 o`clock in the afternoon, the urine is dark with a sharp, offensive odor.

     

     

    FEMALE GENITAL AREA

    70.

    Prov. 5, f., 26 y., D 6

    The prover mentions after finishing the proving: the menses after the proving was smooth and without cramps in lower abdomen”. Usually, she has cramps in lower abdomen with every menses, better rest and warmth, worse with every movement and stronger pressure.

     

    71.

    Prov. 12, f., 42 y., C 30

    At 2nd day of observation after verum phase, menses started 3 days earlier than usual and without any notice in advance. At 6th day of verum intake (4x5 glob. since 3 days) she mentions that the usually aggravated constipation before the beginning of menses is absent and that even in the opposite, stool is easy going and regular. The usually present premenstrual irritability and tendency to weep is absent as well (sy.1). Usually, the tension in her breasts reduce one day before the beginning of her menses, this time, this tension stays on (sy. 76). The color of blood of menses is bright red, in opposition to the usual color. Later, the prover mentioned that the menses, which followed the proving were appearing one day earlier.

    The menses, which came afterwards were all in normal rhythm.

     

    72.

    Prov, 15, f., 35 y., C 30

    At 1st day of observation after verum phase the prover mentions at the beginning of her period that the usual irritability before menses was absent this time and that in opposition to that, she felt very balanced. (sy. 2)

     

    73.

    Prov. 37, f., 38 y., D 6

    At 10th day of observation after verum phase the prover mentions that the menses appears 6 days too early.

     

    74.

    Prov. 101, f., 34 y., C 30

    At 6th to 8th day of verum intake the prover describes that a usually premenstrual dull, drawing pain in lower abdomen is present, although she is only at the beginning of her cycle (8th to 10th day of cycle). This drawing she senses when she pays attention to it. In the same time, she develops pimples at her right face, which are unusual for this phase of her cycle, too.

     

    Fluor

    75.

    Prov.73, f., 28 y., C 30

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob), the prover has an unusual leucorrhea. It is whitish- yellowish, without odor and without itching. Towards the evening she realizes a slight trace of blood in her pants (menses is finished since 4 days).

     

     

    CHEST

     

    Mammae

    76.

    Prov. 12, f., 42 y., C 30

    At 2nd day of observation after verum phase the prover mentions that the usual premenstrual tension of her mammae, which usually reduces one day before the onset of her menses, lasts.

    (sy. 71)

     

     

    BACK

    77.

    Prov. 12, f., 42 y., C 30

    Known in personal medical history is an occasionally occurring formication at various changing places of the back, predominantly in the area of shoulders and neck. During verum phase (4x5 glob. since 4th day) and during the 1st, 6th and 7th day of observation after verum phase, this formication appears on and off below the scapulae. This symptom lasted for about a week after the regular observation time. Then it did not reoccur.

     

    78.

    Prov. 16, f., 30 y., D 6

    At 1st day of verum intake (2x5 glob.) around 22:45 in the evening, light drawing complains of lumbar spine right side while lying.

     

    79.

    Prov. 68, m., 34 y., C 30

    At 7th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) she woke up in the morning with a stiff neck, painful and less able to move the cervical spine, reason unknown. At 1st day of observation after verum phase, the drawing pains in neck with reduction of mobility of neck last. Additionally, lumbago- like pains appear (sy. 80). At 2nd day, the complaints of the neck reduce and disappear until the 4th day.

     

    80.

    Prov. 68, m., 34 y., C 30

    At 1st day of observation after verum phase, lumbago- like pains arise without obvious reason, at left paravertebral part of lumbar region, which appears at that day in addition to already existent stiffness of cervical region (sy. 79).  At 2nd day of observation after verum phase, these lumbar complaints aggravate and lead to a slight limitation in movements. At 3rd day of observation after verum phase, this pain aggravates even more, and in addition, shooting pain on rising from lying appears. Only at 6th day of observation after verum phase, this lumbar region is again o.k..

     

    81.

    Prob. 71, w., 33 J., D 6

    At the evening of 5th day of verum intake (3x5 glob.), pressing pain in the lumbar spine start, extending into left lower limb. At 6th and 7th day of verum intake (3x5 and 4x5 glob.), this pain lasts during the whole day. standing, sitting and sneezing agg., motion amel.

    At the evening of the first day of observation after verum phase, again this backache in the region of lumbar spine is present while standing. After this day, no complaints are described.

     

    82.

    Prov. 101, f., 34 y., C 30

    Known from her medical history is backache in the area of thoracic spine due to scoliosis.

    Usually the pain occurs after strain, warmth and gymnastics and rest amel. During placebo phase and observation after placebo phase, this pain occurs in its usual manner. During the complete verum phase and the observation phase after verum phase until the 24.day, no back pain is present, which is very unusual to the prover.

     

     

    EXTREMITIES

    83.

    Prov. 23, m., 40 y., D 6

    At 1st day of verum intake (2x5 glob.) towards the evening, strange periodic, dull to boring pains appear in the posterior part of joint of elbow. Center of the pains is the nervus ulnaris behind the epicondylus, from there extending along the nerve into the 4th and 5th finger of the right hand. A furry sensation is accompanied with this, which lasts, although the pain disappears. At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.), again towards the evening, the same complaints at the elbows like the day before, only considerably less intense. At 3rd day of observation after verum phase, from lunch time onwards, again pain in the middle of ulna of right arm, this time, the pain is of upswelling and downswelling nature, not too strong but clearly noticeable.

     

    84.

    Prov.26, y., 45 J., C 30

    At 6th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.), pain is present at right epicondylus humeri radialis during motion. The prover cannot see any reason for this pain. At 7th day of verum intake (3x5 glob.,), in addition to this pain in the right epicondylus, strong pain under the nail of the right thumb appears at forenoon (obviously a consequence of a little, unconscious injury). The thumb is hot and painful on slightest touch, not pulsatory. This pain under the right thumbnail is gone the next day. The pain at right epicondylus humeris radialis lasts from 1st to 5th day of observation after verum phase.

     

    85.

    Prov. 65, f., 37 y., C 30

    At 3rd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) an unusual sensation of weakness in both shoulders and upper arms appear during hanging up the laundry.

     

    86.

    Prov. 1, m., 37 y., C 30

    At 5th and 6th day of verum intake, cramping and drawing pain in right calf. At 5th day of verum intake, this pain appeared around midnight, at 6th day of verum intake around 11:30 at forenoon.

     

    87.

    Prov. 73, f., 28 y., C 30

    At 5th day of verum intake (3x5 glob.), a sensation of tension in the right calf appears, accompanied with the sensation as if the right knee would give way. Towards the evening, the symptoms ameliorate. This sensation of tension in the calf appears again in bed.

     

     

    Restless lower limbs

    88.

    Prov. 27, m., 36 y., D 6

    At 1st day of observation after verum phase, drawing sensation and pain in all limbs, especially left side a “restless leg- symptomatology”. It is like a “ streaming”. At 2nd day of observation after verum phase, this symptomatology lasts, it is present especially while resting, and the prover cannot sleep the whole night due to this. At 3rd day of observation after verum phase, especially a vibrating is noticeable in the left lower limb. At 6th day of observation after verum phase, warmth aggravates the restlessness of the left lower limb.

     

    In the final description of self-observation, the prover added these explanations concerning the restlessness of the lower limb: the dyskinesia always appeared in the period after laying down in bed. The whole left lower limb was hypersensitive. From the glutaeus to the tips of toes, there was a restless- leg- symptomatology. The limb could not keep quiet under the blanket. I had the sensation as if an increase of volume had taken place, the limb seemed to have been swollen and was tight. I felt the need to obtrude the limb outside the blanket, but could not fall asleep, as the “streaming” in the limbs did not reduce by influence of some cold. These sensations lasted until 2 o`clock in the night and then slowly reduced. In less intense way this symptomatology is still present 3 weeks after the finish of the observation phase after verum phase.

     

    89.

    Prov. 29, m., 32 y., C 30

    At 6th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) a general restlessness of the extremities occur, especially of lower limbs, which is hindering to fall asleep. He cannot keep his limbs still. It is a sensation “ as if there are flee-bites at various and constantly changing places”. Towards 1:30 in the night, this restlessness and the increasing vivacity forces him to get up and to move.

     

    Sciatica

    90.

    Prov. 28, f., 47 y., D 6

    Known to her was a sciatic neuralgia one year before the proving at right side, extending into right hip, better rest and warmth. Since this time she constantly felt slight complaints. During pre- observation, placebo –phase and observation phase after placebo-phase she describes this sciatic pain right side. Then in the final description of selfobservation she describes that she noticed that since about one week (phase of observation after verum phase), there is no sciatic pain. Another addition at 17th day of observation after verum phase is that this sciatic pain is still absent.

     

    Foot

    91.

    Prov, 33, m., 36 y., D 6

    At 2nd day of verum intake (1x5 glob.) an intense redness and itching appears at left ankle and lasts only for a short time. Reason unknown.

     

    92.

     Prov. 63, f., 37 y., C 30

    At 5th day of verum intake (2x5 glob., in general intake of 6x5 glob.) the prover states: “ towards the end of a walk of 30 minutes, a stitching pain occurs in the right outer middle foot with every step she makes. This decreases quickly when she is at home but occurs again around 19:00 in the evening while walking.  After a pause of 1 ½ hours again very intense pain comes up, which force her to sit down. Later the pain ameliorates while walking and then again an aggravation but no limping any more.” Due to this she stops intake of the globuli. At the 1st day of observation after verum phase, the complaints go on. With every step there is stitching pain in right middle foot, but less intense than the day before. After phases of resting, the pain is more intense but goes away in the course of the forenoon. In the evening after sitting, a light pain occurs several times . at 2nd day of observation after verum phase, there is left some slight pain in the right middle foot, which disappears during forenoon.

     

     

    SKIN

    93.

    Prov. 38, m., 33 y., C 30

    In the final selfobservation the prover mentions something peculiar of his proving, which is the wandering of skin symptoms from left to right side during verum phase ( 1-4th day 1x5 glob., 5th day 3x5 glob, 6-7.th day 4x5 glob.). Known to him is a slight seborrhoic eczema at the head (nose, the line from nose to lips , ears). This eczema is present at left side as usual during placebo phase, in verum phase, this moves to the right half of head. (sy. 30).

     

    94.

    Prov. 77, m., 36 y., C 30

    Known to him is itching of skin, especially at the back, when simultaneously there are complaints of gallbladder / liver. At 6th and 7th day of verum intake (3x5 glob. each),  an itching especially at the back occurs. At 5th day of observation after verum phase, this itching appears at the whole body. At that time, there were no complaints present related to the known gallbladder / liver symptomatology.

     

     

    GENERALITIES

    95.

    Prov. 33, m., 36 y., D 6

    At 5th day of verum intake (4x5 glob.) there is restlessness, a sensation of pressure and strong physical weakness in the whole body at around 16:00 in the afternoon, in the same time there is the sensation that time is passing slower (sy. 12).

     

    96.

    Prov. 47, f., 35 y., D 6

    In the final phase of self-observation the prover mentions that the general allergic reaction, which is known to her (especially towards house dust) reduced during the phase of verum and in the following phase of observation and that she felt very well then.

     

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    Correa, M, Dictionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil e das Exoticas cultivadas, Volume III, Rio de Janeiro 1934

    Heinigkes, C., Handbuch der homöopathischen Arzneiwirkungslehre, Dritte, vermehrte Auflage, Leipzig 1922

    Hoppe, H.A., Drogenkunde. Band 1. Angiospermen. 8. Auflage, Berlin 1975

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    Leeser, O., Lehrbuch der Homöopathie, Bd. II / Pflanzliche Arzneistoffe, Heidelberg 1973

    List, P.H. und Hörhammer, L: Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazueutischen Praxis, 4. Bd, Berlin 1973

    Rätsch, Chr., Indianische Heilkräuter. Tradition und Anwendung. Ein Pflanzenlexikon, Köln 1987

    Roth, Daunderer, Kornmann, Giftpflanzen- Pflanzengifte, Vorkommen, Wirkung, Therapie, Landsberg 1984

    Stiegele, A, Ueber Grenzerweiterungen in der Homöopathie. Deutsche Homöopathische Monatszeitschrift, 12, (1956), 604-605

    Uphof, J.C.Th. Dictionary of economic plants. Second Edition, New York 1968