Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Abrotanum artemisia

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Etymology
The Latin name of the plant, abrotonum, is not related to Latin aper “boar” (as might be suggested by the German name Eberraute, which could be misinterpreted as “boar-rue”, but is in fact a distortion of the Latin name), but was loaned from Greek habrotonon ; the latter's origin is not known to me.

English southernwood is a contraction of southern wormwood; indeed, southernwood can be seen als a Southern (Mediterranean) variant of wormwood, which is grown in West and Central Europe only since the Middle Ages (see also lovage). The British name old man also was given in contrast to wormwood, which is known as old woman in some parts of Britain.

The Estonian name sidrunpuju contains sidrun “lemon” and puju “mugwort”; thus, the plant is perceived a lemon-scented variety of mugwort. For a similar example of a rather controversial fragrance associated with lemon in a North European name, see epazote.
French garde-robe “Guard of robes” refers to the plant's power to repel moths and other insects; yet lavender is more common for this purpose.

The botanical genus name Artemisia refers to the Greek goddess of hunting, Artemis. The classical Greek name artemisia  is recordeed for a plant sacred to the goddess; its precise meaning might have been wormwood (A. absinthium, A. ponticum) or another closely related species

Artemis in Greek Mythology

The goddess Artemis played an intriguing role in Greek mythology and religion. She was known as the "Mistress of Animals" and the protectress of children, but she was also a huntress and the goddess who could bring death with her arrows. Myths such as the one about Niobe show Artemis as a strong willed and powerful goddess, a female who could punish injustices against the gods with ferocious and deadly accuracy.
Artemis was the daughter of Leto and Zeus (the ruler of the Greek gods). Together with her twin brother Apollo she enjoyed the status and privileges of an Olympian. And as an Olympian goddess, Artemis was free to pursue her interests, and was often found frolicking in the forests, accompanied by a band of nymphs.

Myths of the Maiden Goddess

Myths and legends show that the goddess Artemis was aloof and free-spirited, and not constrained by husband or hearth. Her independent nature is further reinforced in a very important way, for in mythology and religion, the goddess remained eternally a virgin. Indeed, those who in some way compromised her strict requirements for chastity were severely punished by the maiden goddess.
There are several tales that describe the swift and terrible retribution of Artemis. One of the most revealing of these stories involves the youth Actaeon. In addition, Artemis was also responsible for punishing the nymph Callisto. In myth, Callisto was at one point a follower of the virgin goddess, but when she became involved in an affair with the god Zeus, Artemis had her revenge on the unfortunate nymph.

The Moon Goddess

In myth, Artemis is sometimes identified with Selene, the Greek goddess of the moon. Indeed, this association between Artemis and the moon is revealed in one of the epithets used to describe the goddess - Phoebe ("the bright one").
The goddess Artemis was known as Diana in Roman mythology.
 
paint pag3, n1
Artemisia drinking the Ashes of Mausolus
1713-14
CRETI, Donato
1671 - 1749
L884.   On loan from the collection of Sir Denis Mahon CH CBE FBA since 1999.
 
This painting was long known as 'Sophonisba taking Poison' because it was thought to show the suicide of Sophonisba, wife of the Numidian King Massinissa, as recounted by Livy. In fact Creti based his composition on a painting of Artemisia by the Bolognese painter Giovan Gioseffo dal Sole (1654 - 1719). Queen Artemisia drank the ashes of her dead husband Mausolus in order to become his living tomb. She built a great funerary monument (mausoleum) at Halicarnassus to his memory, which became one of the wonders of the ancient world.