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Constituents: -Aconite root contains from 0.3 to 1 per cent alkaloidal matter, consisting of Aconitine - crystalline, acrid and highly toxic - with the alkaloids Benzaconine (Picraconitine) and Aconine.
Aconitine, the only crystallizable alkaloid, is present to the extent of not more than 0.2 per cent, but to it is due the characteristic activity of the root. Aconite acid, starch, etc., are also present. On incineration, the root yields about 3 per cent ash.
The Aconitines are a group of highly toxic alkaloids derived from various species of Aconite, and whilst possessing many properties in common are chemically distinguishable according to the source from which they are obtained. The Aconitines are divided into two groups: (1) the Aconitines proper, including Aconitine, Japaconitine and Indaconitine, and (2) the Pseudaconitines - Pseudaconitine and Bikhaconitine. [A Modern Herbal; Mrs. M. Grieve]
Toxicology: An active poison. Alkaloid :Aconitine  The symptons of poisoning are tingling and numbness of tongue and mouth and a sensation of ants crawling over the body, nausea and vomiting with epigastric pain, laboured breathing, pulse irregular and weak, skin cold and clammy, features bloodless, giddiness, staggering, mind remains clear. A stomach tube or emetic should be used at once, 20 minims of Tincture of Digitalis given if available, stimulants should be given and if not retained diluted brandy injected per rectum, artificial respiration and friction, patient to be kept lying down.
All the species contain an active poison Aconitine, one of the most formidable poisons which have yet been discovered: it exists in all parts of the plant, but especially in the root. The smallest portion of either root or leaves, when first put into the mouth, occasions burning and tingling, and a sense of numbness immediately follows its continuance. One-fiftieth grain of Aconitine will kill a sparrow in a few seconds; one-tenth grain a rabbit in five minutes. It is more powerful than prussic acid and acts with tremendous rapidity. One hundredth grain will act locally, so as to produce a well-marked sensation in any part of the body for a whole day. So acrid is the poison, that the juice applied to a wounded finger affects the whole system, not only causing pains in the limbs, but a sense of suffocation and syncope.  Linnaeus reports Aconite to be fatal to cattle and goats when they eat it fresh, but when dried it does no harm to horses, a peculiarity in common with the buttercups, to which the Aconites are related. Field-mice are well aware of its evil nature, and in hard times, when they will attack almost any plant that offers them food, they leave this severely alone.
ANTIDOTES: (These are said to work, though I haven't tried them.) If you think you or someone else has been poisoned, contact a Poison Control Center IMMEDIATELY!!
Main sphere of action is the nervous and vascular systems, be they acute or chronic. Generally for the immediate conditions and early stages of illnesses that come on rapidly, or sudden conditions of anxiety, fear, or apprehension. Aconite should be taken immediately in acute disease, after exposure to very cold winds while warming, or from a frightful experience.
Acute and Sudden Illness:
Early Stages when the patient is hot, thirsty, shivery, and can have high fever, pounding pulse, with anxiety and impatience; symptoms come on after exposure to sudden cold, dry, frosty, windy weather; head colds, red sore throat, earache, bronchitis, influenza or any infectious diseases including Chicken Pox, German Measles (Rubella), Measles, Scarlet fever, Smallpox (Variola); aggravated in a stuffy room.
∑ Bell's Palsy- brought on by exposure to cold, dry winds, with paralysis of one side of the face.
∑ Dengue Fever- initial onset with fever and pains in joints and muscles.
∑ Gout- at the start of an acute attack with very painful joint, red swollen, shiny.
∑ Guillain Barre Syndrome- sudden onset after a viral infection.
∑ Malaria- in a recent case to relieve symptoms of chills, fever, sweating, and shivering fits.
∑ Meningitis- with fever, nausea and vomiting accompanied by restlessness, fear, and much thirst.
∑ Vaccination- a sudden illness after a vaccination usually with fever.
That come on suddenly from the shock and fright during an accident, robbery, mugging, earthquake. The fear of suffocation and sudden death, of heart attacks and stroke, fear that the heart will stop beating or explode.
∑ Anxiety- that comes on suddenly from the shock and fright during an accident, robbery, mugging, earthquake; feeling "beside oneself" with anxiety; anxiety can be with restlessness, palpitations, anxious respiration, vomiting, head congestion, headache, moaning, discouraged, depression or sadness, and many ailments from anxiety; from pressure on the chest; when in company, in a crowd, during a chill, from pain, during urination, after vexation, during pregnancy, and also in children and infants; anxiety is relieved by a cold drink like water, and movement.
∑ Medical anxiety- great fear and anxiety on going to the dentist, doctor, or medical tests, MRI, CAT scan, and surgery; during dental pain. Fears of suffocation and sudden death, of heart attacks and stroke, fear that the heart will stop beating or explode; fears of people, of crowds, of ghosts, of fainting, of vertigo, of the dark (sleep with the lights on), of traveling in a car and airplane, of imaginary things, during menses, during labor and pregnancy.
∑ Fears- of people, of crowds, of ghosts, of fainting, of vertigo, of the dark (sleep with the lights on), of traveling in a car and airplane, of imaginary things, during menses, during labor and pregnancy.
∑ Chronic phobias- with fear and anxiety that have developed after the trauma of violent events in which they experienced a fear of imminent death. As a result of having been threatened with a gun during robbery, or earthquakes, accidents, trapped in elevator or dark tunnel. The parent of child in danger or sudden agonizing fear of death coming to a loved one or self. Foreboding and fear of subconscious nature (surfacing 15 minutes after falling asleep and jumps from bed in a panic); with restlessness, trembling, exhaustion and palpitations with rapid, hard pulse.
∑ Agoraphobia- with fear and anxiety in public places, when driving on highways, in open spaces and crowds, and of leaving the house.
∑ Claustrophobia- with anxiety and fear of suffocation, in elevators, tunnels, the subway, underground, MRI test, in public assembly halls, theaters, and likes to sit in back of the theater.
∑ Shell Shock- that develops from a shattering experience and/or shock, which may have terrified them with or without their knowledge at the time and become a chronic and deep layer. To remove the remaining shock.
∑ Free floating anxiety- with sudden symptoms that come out of "nowhere". Anxiety from an injury, accidents or surgery, animal bites, and illness. Anxiety can cause fever and diarrhea.
Comes on suddenly after exposure to cold dry weather, cold winds, from catching cold, after a cold, or with anxiety after emotions, during sleep, and after midnight. Asthma with bronchial symptoms and sensation of breathlessness. After suppression of an acute rash. Asthma in children and adults.
Eye and Vision Problems:
Acute disorders from cold or sudden inflammation. Eyes are inflamed, with red swollen lids; profuse tearing worse from light. Eyeball injury; a black eye; irritation from something foreign in the eye. Itchy from acute irritation. Acute conjunctivitis. Acute tearing or dryness. .
Emergencies and First Aid:
Until medical help arrives to prevent death caused by freezing, hypothermia, asphyxia, asphyxia in a new born baby, carbon monoxide poisoning.
∑ Faintness- hysterical; in a close room; from pain; on excitement. with numbness and tingling; with red face; while sitting upright; while urinating in standing position, after urinating; during menopause.
∑ Convulsions- after taking drugs.
High fevers with intense, dry, burning heat that is internal, external and ascending, and alternating with coldness and chills, succession of chills followed by heat with sweat, waves of chills along the spine, with thirst. Continual, relapsing and intermittent in recent cases; With desire to uncover. Sweating profuse. One cheek is red and hot, the other pale and cold. Catheter Fever with sharp elevation of body temperature following the introduction of a catheter into the urethra for urinary disorders. Also high fever with urinary infections. Fever symptoms are worse in the evening, at night, and in bed, and better from sweating
Violent, throbbing, and tormenting with vertigo and nausea. Throbbing pain especially temples, burning pain, boiling sensation. Pain comes on suddenly; like a tight band is around head, front of head can feel nailed up, or pushed through forehead; worse in cold draft.
Shingles- The skin tends to be dry, hot and burning with tingling and sticking pain; painful inflammation along the nerves and inflamed vesicles and ulcers; and a measles-like rash.
Mononucleosis- at the sudden onset fever with the infection.
Injury, Accident, Shock and Trauma:
In any circumstance when there is an initial traumatic and violent shock to the system, such as from a vehicle crash.
∑ Shock- after an injury, accidents or surgery; from animal bites.
∑ Hyperventilation- from shock, anxiety, injury, acute illness.
∑ Birth Trauma- newborns suffering urine retention; jaundice in newborns.
Joint, Muscle and Nerve Problems:
Pain- shoots down limbs; in back is worse from exposure to cold; in hip on moving, better walking in open air; hot stitching pain in toes; shooting pain in finger joints; in legs as if tricking drops of water.
∑ Sciatica- with anguish and restlessness, congestive symptoms and red face; symptoms are worse: morning, ascending, and better rubbing.
∑ Numbness- loss of sensation in lumbar and lower limbs; in legs after sitting; in toes while walking; in gouty legs; with tingling in limbs and heavy feeling in joints; formication in fingers while writing; with tingling, one sided; of face, extremities.
∑ Bandaged sensation- and constriction; in thigh especially while walking; in ankle.
Insomnia- with restless tossing and startled waking from anxious dreams and nightmares caused by fear, fright, and anxiety. Spasmatic symptoms during sleep. Sleeplessness from anger and vexation; and in the elderly. Waking from a cough.
Travel and Motion Problems:
∑ Anxiety- from fear of disaster, accident and death. Claustrophobia on airplanes.
∑ Altitude sickness- with hyperventilation and panic.