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From ailanthos (tree of heaven) the Indonesian name for Ailanthus moluccana (Mace is derived from the Medieval Latin macis, alteration of Latin macir, fragrant ailanthus resin, from Greek makir.)
Tree of Heaven, Chinese Sumach, Chinese Sumach. Vernis de Japon. Ailanto. (Trans. as Tree of the Gods. - Götterbaum.).
Tincture from the flowers beginning to open
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Rutales; Simaroubaceae
Provings: Hoyne references Dr. P.P. Wells and Dr. Chalmers case notes. A full record of these provings is given in Allen's Encyclopaedia of Drug Pathogensy; in addition there is a very excellent study of the pathogenesy, and the sphere of utility of the drug in disease, by Dr. Dyce Brown, in the Monthly Homoeopathic Review, Vol. XXI. (Homeopathic Recorder ’03)
Description of the substance
Botanical Information: A large, handsome tree of rapid growth, bearing leaves from one to two feet long, and greenish flowers of a disagreeable odor. Was introduced into England in 1751 and is frequently found in gardens as a shade tree.
The Ailanthus imberiflora occurs in Australia, and in India the A. excelsa has a bark used as a bitter tonic.
In France it is cultivated for its leaves, on which the caterpillar of the silk-spinning Ailanthus Moth (Bombyx Cynthia) is fed, yielding a silk more durable and cheaper than Mulberry silk, though inferior to it in fineness and gloss. Its name of Japan Varnish shows that it was mistaken for the true Japanese Varnish Tree, a species of Sumach. At one time it was classed as a Rhus.
Ailanthus is a large tree, with blunt, clumsy branches, which give to it an odd appearance after the leaves have fallen. The leaves are odd-pinnate, each consisting of from 10 to 20 pairs of leaflets and a terminal one. The leaflets are about 2 inches long, ovate, smooth, acute, and have a few blunt, glandular teeth at the base (hence, the specific name, glandulosa). The flowers are small, green, and collected in large terminal panicles. They are polygamous, or generally dioecious. The calyx consists of 5 united sepals. The petals are 5, small, green, and longer than the sepals. The stamens are 10 in the male flowers, but fewer in the female. The pistil is surrounded at the base by a disk, and consists of from 3 to 5, 1-ovuled, free carpels, with united styles. The fruit is a flat, membranous samara, bearing a seed in the middle, and somewhat resembling the fruit of the ash.
Habitat: Eastern Asia, cultivated as a shade tree in North America.