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"Anagallis" from the Greek name Anagelao "to laugh" because of it's use among the ancient Greeks for depression. "Arvensis" means "of cultivated fields".
English:Scarlet pimpernel, red pimpernel, red chickweed, poorman's barometer, poor man's weather-glass, shepherd's weather glass or shepherd's clock
German: Acker-Gauchheil, Roter Gauchheil, Nebelpflanze, Weinbergsstern, Wetterkraut
tinctue of whole plant
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Dilleniidae; Primulales; Primulaceae - Primrose Family
Proved and introduced by Schreter and Gunther
Description of the substance
SCARLET PIMPERNEL (Anagallis arvensis)
Also called "Weatherglass" because the flowers of this herb close when bad weather is imminent.
Description. This low, spreading or prostrate annual herb, grows from 6 to 20 inches in length. Stem square, glabrous, branching; leaves opposite, entire, ovate, and sessile, dotted upon the under surface. Inflorescence axillary; flowers ranging on different plants from scarlet to white through the shades of blue and purple; peduncles filiform, longer than the leaves, 1 - flowered bractless. Calyx 5 - parted; lobes lanceolate - subulate; margins rough. Corolla rotate, 5 - parted, longer than the calyx; tube little or none; lobes broad, obovate, obtuse, fringed with stipitate glands. Stamens 5, inserted upon the base of the corolla; filaments purple, bearded; anthers broadly oblong. Ovary free from the calyx; ovules amphitropous. Fruit a globular, membranaceous, circumcissile capsule or pyxis; seeds many, somewhat triangular; testa rough with minute veruccae.
Primulaceae. This small family of herbs is represented in North America by 12 genera, comprising 38 species and 15 varieties; it is characterized as follows: Leaves simple, alternate, opposite, or whorled. Flowers regular, symmetrical, and perfect; perianth hypogynous. Calyx persistent. Corolla rotate, hypocrateriform, or campanulate. Stamens of the same number as the lobes of the corolla and opposite them; filaments inserted upon the tube of the corolla; anthers introrse. Ovary 1 - celled, free from the calyx; style columnar, undivided; stigma undivided; ovules sessile on a free central placenta. Seeds numerous; albumen copious, fleshy; embryo straight, small.
The only other plant of this order in our Materia Medica is the European Sow - Bread (Cyclamen Europaeum, Linn.). In general and household practice the flowers of the European Cowslip (Primula officinalis, Jacq.) have been used as a sedative, and placed in wine to render it soporific.
History and Habitat. The Pimpernel is naturalized in this country from Europe, and has established itself along both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts in dry, sandy soil, where it blossoms from June to August.