Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

    Anethum graveolens

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    anethum graveolens L.

    Etymology

    The name dill is probably related to Old Norse dilla "calm", "soothe"; it has been suggested that dill was used to relieve stomach pain in babies (due to its antiflatulent power) and thereby "soothed" them. Another theory sees German Dolde "umbel" as the source of the name. Dill is found, with almost no variation (Dutch dille), in all Germanic languages and has been transferred to some non-Germanic languages, mainly in Northern Europe: Finnish tilli, Estonian till, Latvian dilles and Scottish Gaelic dile.

    Family

    Traditional name

    Syn.: Pastinaca graveolens, anethum, Ferula graveolens, Angelica graveolens, Peucedanum graveolens, an., Selinum an., Anethum arvense
         German: Dillfenchel, Gurkenkraut, Teufelsdill
         Anethum graveolens

    Used parts

    seeds

    Classification

    Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Apiales; Umbelliferae / Apiaceae - Carrot / Celery Family

    Keywords

    conium

    Original proving

    no proving
    Peters - Marcy: New Mat. Med. Sup. N. A. J. Hom., Aug., 1857.

    Description of the substance

    Description
    Dill is an erect, freely branching annual herb with finely dissected, lacy, blue-green foliage. "Dill weed" refers to the foliage, and the seeds are usually just called "dill." The leaves are about 1 ft (0.3 m) long and divided pinnately three or four times into threadlike segments each about 1 in (2.5 cm) long. The dill plant grows about 3-5 ft (0.9-1.5 m) tall and sometimes gets top heavy and falls over. The flowers are yellow and borne in large, rounded, compound umbels (umbrella-like clusters in which all the flower stems originate from the same point) on stiff, hollow stems. The whole inflorescence can be 10 in (25 cm) across, and several of them on a feathery blue-green framework can be showy indeed. The fruit is a flattened pod about an eighth of 1 in (2.5 cm) long. All parts of the dill plant are strongly aromatic.

    'Dukat' produces abundant foliage and is best for dill weed. 'Bouquet' has large seed heads and is ideal for use in pickling spices. 'Fernleaf' is small, to 18 in (0.5 m), slow to bolt, and good for containers. 'Long Island Mammoth' is the most widely grown dill cultivar and is suitable for both dill weed and dill seeds.

    Location
    Native originally to southwestern Asia, dill is now naturalized in many parts of Europe and the northern US. Dill is a very popular flavoring in northern, central and eastern European countries, but hardly used at all in France or Italy. Dill is almost indispensable in Russian and Scandinavian cookery. In India, 'Sowa' dill, which is more pungent than European and American varieties, is an essential ingredient in curry.

    Culture
    Dill is fast growing and of very easy cultivation.
    Light: Dill does best in full sun; it becomes leggy and prone to topple over in partial shade.
    Moisture: Dill does best in well drained soil with typical garden watering. It may bolt quickly to flower during a prolonged dry spell.
    Hardiness: Dill is an annual that can be grown all summer in USDA zones 3-7, in spring and fall in zone 8, and in the winter in zones 9-11. In hot weather dill flowers and goes to seed quickly.
    Propagation: Sow dill seeds where they will be grown about the time of the last expected frost. Plant dill every couple weeks to insure a constant supply of fresh leaves. Dill usually self sows, and it's best to pick a spot in the garden where you would like to have it year after year

    Dill likes to be planted in cool weather. In warm winter areas that don't experience a hard frost, you can plant dill in fall or winter. In cooler areas, plant dill a week or two before your last hard frost. After the first sowing, plant again every 10 days or so for a continuous crop

    Here are a few suggestions to start you on your way to a healthy crop of dill:
    Dill, like most herbs, loves to bask in the sun, but will tolerate afternoon shade.
    Dill grows up to 3 feet tall, so plant it in the back of your flower, vegetable or herb garden.
    Sow seeds close together. This will allow the plants, which blow over easily to support each other.
    Cover the seeds lightly, and allow a week or two for them to germinate.
    For a continuous crop, sow repeatedly from mid spring to early summer.
    Don't plant near caraway, fennel or angelica.
    Caterpillars are fond of dill, and can be handpicked if they become a nuisance.