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The etymology of the word BAMBOO comes from the wrong pronunciation of the Indian word MAMBU, which is the local name of a native species of the plant. The Swedish naturalist Carl Linné first created the modern vegetal and animal classification and conceived the Latin binominal nomenclature (that is still used) that indicates the "species" with the name and the "genus" with the adjective. He mentioned the "Arundo Arbor" in the famous book "Hortus Cliffortianus", which is one of the first methodical work on the vegetal world (dated 1737). Later, in his best known "Species plantarum" (1753) he mentioned the "Arundo Bambos", and this name, then modified in BAMBUSA, has been officially adopted as identification of the family .
English: Spiny bamboo, Thorny bamboo, Tziu chu, Kalak, Bans
German: Grosser Dornenbambus
The potencies were made from fresh bamboo shoots of the bamboo arundinacea.
Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Monocotyledonae; Liliiflorae / Liliidae; Graminales / Poales; Gramineae / Poaceae
Provings: The Bamboo Proving
by Bernd Schuster
Book "Bamboo" published in second edition 1999 in English. Translated by Susan Holmes
Pubisher: Verlag fuer Homeopatie, Zum Steinbuehl 7
D-35781 Weilburg, Germany, ISBN 3-9805958-1-1
The book Bamboo has 14 cases in it. (Schuster’s Bamboo)
Description of the substance
Botanical Information: Bamboo is an extremely useful plant. All its parts can be used beneficially for humans. Bamboo is characterized by elasticity, endurance, persistence and powers of survival.
Bamboo grows unusually fast, is extremely elastic because of its peculiar fibre structure but it is difficult to cut.
Bamboo flowers very rarely but, when it does, it flowers for years and often passes away during flower because of lack of nutrition.
Bambus vulgaris is extremely sensitive to cold. (Schuster’s Bamboo).
Habitat: Native to Asia and America, characterized by woody, cylindrical stems, persistent leaf sheaths with stiff, rough bristles, and flower spikelets. (Encyclopaedia Britannica).
There are about 50 genera and more than 1200 species of bamboo. The exact botanical classification is difficult, because it takes its cue from the structure of the blossoms and some species of Bamboo flower very seldom - some only in intervals of 120 years.
Bamboo is an evergreen plant, though a part of the leaves of some species become yellow in fall, but anyway they remain on the branches along with the green leaves.
The Bamboo is very resistant; after the destruction of Hiroshima by the American atom bomb bamboo shoots were one of the first plants to emerge from the soil.
The bamboo plant comprises the underground rhizome, the culm and the branches. The culm, stem or cane is made up of internodes and the nodes from which the branches will grow. At a very rapid
rate of growth (20 - 50 cm a day!) the internodes open out like a car aerial being extended. While growing, the internodes are surrounded by a cane sheath containing growth hormones. (...) These sheaths are dropped later.(Bernd Schuster).
The young shoots are already at their full girth (up to 20 cm) when they emerge from the ground. They won't grow any more in thickness. The number of segments between the joints (internodes) is already fixed within the shoot. No later growth in height or girth is possible.
However, there are developped thicker and higher new culms every year and also the number of branches increases every year.
There are no branch shoots until the cane has reached its full height. (B. arundinacea grows to about 8 metres.)
The bamboo wood is made up of fibres 1 cm in length, whereas normal tree wood only has fibres
1 mm in length.These long cellulose fibres are packed with lignin and silicon dioxide or silicic acid. (...)
When the culm has reached a certain height, it bends slightly. The leaves are usually longish and have a stalk.
The inflorescences are broad panicles. The fruit is almost always a berry shaped caryopsis (indehiscent fruit).
The flowering intervals range between 1 year and 50 to 120 years. Some species flower synchronously in different parts of the earth, maybe because they come from the same clone or due to other yet unknown reasons.
Flowering is a great strain on the plant and is usually (if not fertilized) followed either by slow growth for several years or massive dieback, because it exhausts all the reserves stored in the rhizome. The bamboo plant is very hungry and very thirsty. It needs lots of fertilizer and also lots of water, because its leaves loose a great deal of moisture through evaporation.
Bamboo usually reproduces by the growth of rhizomes or is propagated by division.
There are species with very invasively spreading rhizomes. An uncontained grove can double its root area every year. Varieties that spread this vigorously are called "running" bamboos. One has to keep them from spreading by underground barriers.A few hardy bamboos and most tropical species are much more restrained growers. The rhizomes of these noninvasive, "clumping " bamboos grow only several inches (1 inch = 2, 54 cm) a year. ( www.halcyon.com/abs/BarnhartIntro.html)
Edible bamboo shoots:
They come from not yet lignified shoots of the genus Phyllostachys, especially Phyllostachys pubescens, etc. They may not be eaten raw, because they contain a poisonous cyanogenic glycoside, which is destroyed by heat. ( also contained: benzoic acids).
The proving substance Bambusa e summitatibus (of Bernd Schuster's proving) is produced from the fresh (!) growing tips of Bambusa arundinacea, triturated for three hours. So, in my opinion (U.Wessely) we should take into consideration that B. Schuster's Bamboo-proving was done with a quite poisonous substance (maybe similarities with hydrocyanic acid ?), not with the harmless edible (because of having been heated) bamboo shoots.
The name Tabashir (or Tabaschir) is derived from the Sanskrit word "Twak-kshira", roughly meaning bark milk.
Tabashir (also known as "vansa rochana") is a crystalline substance which is found in the lower internodes of various species, but never in reed - like bamboos. It is used for blood diseases, tuberculosis, asthma, cough and gall bladder diseases, epilepitc fits, leprosy and as an antipyretic and aphrodisiac remedy. It is also given for dysentery with internal bleeding.
1830 Geiger reported: a sweet juice oozing out of young stems at the nodes is collected as bamboo sugar (Tabashir) when hardened. I t is extremely precious and is valued as highly as gold. The root shoots are preserved and eaten as a luxurious confection (Achiar) as a gastric tonic."
According to the Tschirch handbook, there are two types of Tabashir. The first is found on the surface of the culms, (...) the second inside the culms. The first sort mainly comprises cane-sugar, the second silicic acid. (Schneider).
Tabashir contains up to 92 % silicic acid and is obtained by burning the cane.
These concrements are dirty grey (...) clumps, which, by calcination are converted into a "milky white, opaque or bluish-opalescent chalcedony-like mass(...) (Warburg).