Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

    Bellis perennis

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    bellis perennis

    Etymology

    Bellis, a designation used by Pliny, means "pretty"; perennis means `through the years," "continuing,"

    Family

    Traditional name

    Daisy
         German: Gänseblümchen, Maßliebchen, Tausendschön
         English: Hen and Chickens
         Bellis perennis

    Used parts

    whole plant

    Classification

    Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Asteridae / Synandrae; Asterales; Compositae / Asteraceae - Composites / Daisy or Sunflower Family

    Keywords

    arnica-like

    Original proving

    Mentioned in Homoeopathic literature in 1858 by Dr. Henry Thomas B. J. Hom. XVI 128; Allen's Encyclop. Mat. Med. Vol. II, 128.

    Description of the substance

    While English daisy is native to Europe and western Asia (Hatfield 1969), it is now distributed in England, Germany, Iraq, Spain, Yugoslavia, Chile, New Zealand, and the U.S. (Holm et al. 1979). It was introduced to the U.S. as an ornamental and also with grass seed.

    A perennial, it infests lawns, pastures, and waste places. Although confined chiefly in the Pacific Northwest, it also occurs locally in the northeastern states and south-ward (Muenscher 1948). In its range, it is one of the most common plants of short turf and lawns and meadows, and similar grassy places (Clapham et al. 1962; Le Strange 1977). The leaves of English daisy are obovate or spatulate, entire or wavy margined, and form a basal tuft or rosette 5 to 20 cm across. From the axils of some of the rosette leaves, short prostrate shoots often develop, giving rise to the familiar patches formed by old plants growing in lawns. In bright sunlight, the leaves press down on the surrounding soil or vegetation, but in shady and moist situations, the internodes tend to lengthen and the leaves bend upwards. Its stems are simple and leafless, may grow from I to 2 dm high, and are terminated by a solitary head of flowers ranging from 3 to 5 cm in diameter. The involucral bracts are herbaceous, and occur in two rows. The ray flowers are numerous, distillate, and may be white, pink, or rose in color; the disk-flowers are always yellow. The flower head closes at night but opens in sunlight, a process that starts about I hr after sunrise and is completed in about an hour and a half. The flowers are produced mainly from about March to November, but year-round in mild-winter areas. The achenes are linear, about 2 mm long, finely striate, and yellow-brown in color; the pappus is bristly. Seeds are dispersed by wind, normally just around the parent plant; but the fruits are often distributed to a distance in mud, by birds, and also by ants (Hatfield 1969; Le Strange 1977; Muenscher 1948; Salisbury 1961).