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plant genus named 1728, from Gk. kannabis "hemp," a Scythian or Thracian word. Also source of Rus. konoplja, Pers. kanab, Lith. kanapes "hemp," and Eng. canvas and possibly hemp.
The name cannabis is thought to be of Scythian origin. Possibly it has an earlier origin in Semitic languages like Hebrew, in Exodus 30:23 God commands Moses to make a holy anointing oil of myrrh, sweet cinnamon, kaneh bosm, and kassia. Kaneh bosm (Hebrew kannabos or kannabus) "kan" in means "reed" or "hemp", while "bosm" means "aromatic". In the Greek translations of the old testament "kan" was rendered as "reed", leading to English translations as "sweet calamus" (Exodus 30:23), sweet cane (Isaiah 43:24; Jeremiah 6:20) and "calamus" (Ezekiel 27:19; Song of Songs 4:14).
Sara Benetowa of the Institute of Anthropological Sciences in Warsaw is quoted in the Book of Grass as saying: "The astonishing resemblance between the Semitic 'kanbos' and the Scythian 'cannabis' leads to the assumption that the Scythian word was of Semitic origin. These etymological discussions run parallel to arguments drawn from history.
Comparing the English word hemp and the Greek word kannabis shows that the word came down from the Common Indo-European language. Words like kanapish for "hemp" occur in some Finno-Ugrian languages. It is likely that, soon after agriculture started, hemp as a cultivated plant spread widely, carrying its name with it.
Other Names: East Indian Cannabis sativa.
Common Names: Indian Hemp. Hashish. Marijuana. Bhang. Ganja.
Homeopathic preparation: Tincture of leaves and twigs or of extract. (Bradford’s Index).
N.O. Subclass: Hamamelidae; Order: Urticales; Family: Cannabaceae or Hemp family
see cannabis sativa
Provings: Allen: Cyclopoedia, V. 2, V. 10. Cyclop. Drug Path., V. 1. Hering: Guid. Symptoms, V. 3. Mure: Braz. Provings.
Fielde: N. Y. Med. Times, V. 17, p. 66.
Berridge: N. A. J. Hom., V. 21, p. 99. Hahn. Mo., V. 3, 461. Hom. Phys., V. 10, p. 320.
Bickness: Hahn Adv., V. 37, p. 61.
Bigler: Zeit. Hom. Klinik, V. 1, p. 116.
Berridge: Mo. Hom. Rev., V. 13, p. 726. The Organon, V. 1, pp. 329, 486. A. H. Z., V. 80, p. 29. Hom. World, V. 14, pp. 119, 166, 215, 305, 354; V. 15, pp. 124, 313.
Bower: Am. Hom. Obs., V. 1, p. 78.
Campbell: Hom. World, V. 15, p. 313.
Christison: Mo. Jl. Med. Sc., V. 13, p. 34.
Cowley, Coxe: Am. Provers' Union. 1839.
Crosse: Prov. Med. Surg. Jl., 1843, p. 171.
Dudits: N. A. J. Hom., V. 14, p. 136.
De Boismont: Gautier: Am. Hom. Obs., V. 12, p. 409.
De Luca: Compte Rendu., s., Oct. 13, 1862. - - - - - -: Pacific Coast Jl. Hom., V. 2, p. 74.
- - - - - -: Chemist & Druggist, V. 11, p. 34.
Hibberd: Intellec. Observer, V. 2, p. 435.
Gardiner: Am. Hom. Rev., V. 3, p. 411.
Heard: N. E. Med. Gaz., V. 12, p. 468. hom. World, V. 12, p. 296.
Heinrichs: Zeits. Ver. Hom. Aerzte Oester., V. 2, p. 306.
Jones: N. Y. Jl. Hom., V. 2, p. 368.
Kuykendall: Phila. Med. Sur. Rep., May, 1876. Mo. Hom. Rev., V. 20, p. 114.
Maximovitch: Hom. World, May, 1867.
M. D.: Med. Times & Gaz., V. 4, p. 273 (1852).
Lembke: Zeit. hom. Klinik, V. 4, p. 155.
Norton: Brit. Jl. Hom., V. 17, p. 465.
Pope: Am. Hom. Obs., V. 21, p. 58.
Pease: N. E. Med. Gaz., V. 1, p. 204.
Polli: N. Y. Jl. Hom., V. 2, p. 362.
Pierce: Am. Jl. hom. Mat. Med., V. 5, pp. 11, 49. Hom. World, V. 31, p. 74.
- - - - - -: Mo. Hom. Rev., V. 36, p. 51. Prov. Med. Surg. Jl., 1846.
Riegler: Die Turkei Wirkung Haschisch. Dresdener Jl., Oct. 19, 1862.
- - - - - -: A. H. Z., V. 46, p. 142.
- - - - - -: Med. Times, March, 1854. A. H. Z., V. 49, p. 88.
Sounenberg: A. H. Z., V. 55, p. 173. Hom. Times, London, No. 71.
Sharp (L.): Hom. World, V. 29, p. 468.
Taylor, Bayard: Land of Saracen. N. A. Jl. Hom., V. 4, p. 262.
Urquhart: U. S. Jl. Hom., V. 2, p. 652. N. A. J. Hom., V. 10, p. 343.
Wells: Am. Hom. Rev., V. 3, pp. 123, 174. (Bradford’s Index).
Description of the substance
Botanical Information: Strong smelling, stout, erect annual herb, branched or nearly simple, 1 - 3.5 meters. Leaves alternate, thin, long petioled; the blade digitate with 3 - 7 long lanceolate or linear - lanceolate, long acuminate leaflets.
Microscopical: Leaves and bracts dorsiventral. Upper epidermis bears unicellular, pointed, conical curved trichomes with enlarged bases containing cystoliths of calcium carbonate. Mesophyll contains cluster crystals of calcium oxalate in many cells and consists of usually one layer of palisade cells and spongy tissue. Trichomes on the lower epidermis conical, longer but without cystoliths. Numerous glandular trichomes, sessile or with a multicellular stalk and secreting head of about eight radiating club-shaped cells, secreting Oleoresin present in the lower epidermis especially on mid-rib.(Pharmacopea).
Habitat: Considered a native of Western Central Asia but practically naturalized in the sub - Himalayan tract in India and is abundantly met with waste lands from Punjab eastwards to Bengal and Bihar and extending southwards to Deccan; cultivated. (Pharmacopea).