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plant genus named 1728, from Gk. kannabis "hemp," a Scythian or Thracian word. Also source of Rus. konoplja, Pers. kanab, Lith. kanapes "hemp," and Eng. canvas and possibly hemp.
The name cannabis is thought to be of Scythian origin. Possibly it has an earlier origin in Semitic languages like Hebrew, in Exodus 30:23 God commands Moses to make a holy anointing oil of myrrh, sweet cinnamon, kaneh bosm, and kassia. Kaneh bosm (Hebrew kannabos or kannabus) "kan" in means "reed" or "hemp", while "bosm" means "aromatic". In the Greek translations of the old testament "kan" was rendered as "reed", leading to English translations as "sweet calamus" (Exodus 30:23), sweet cane (Isaiah 43:24; Jeremiah 6:20) and "calamus" (Ezekiel 27:19; Song of Songs 4:14).
Sara Benetowa of the Institute of Anthropological Sciences in Warsaw is quoted in the Book of Grass as saying: "The astonishing resemblance between the Semitic 'kanbos' and the Scythian 'cannabis' leads to the assumption that the Scythian word was of Semitic origin. These etymological discussions run parallel to arguments drawn from history.
Comparing the English word hemp and the Greek word kannabis shows that the word came down from the Common Indo-European language. Words like kanapish for "hemp" occur in some Finno-Ugrian languages. It is likely that, soon after agriculture started, hemp as a cultivated plant spread widely, carrying its name with it.
Other Names: European or American Hemp
Common Names: Hemp. Cannabis indica. Gallow grass.
Homeopathic preparation: The Flowers. To make the homoeopathic preparation, the flowering tops of both male and female plants are gathered and juice is expressed from them, and which is mixed with equal parts of alcohol. Some recommend the female flowers only, because these exhale, during there flowering, a strong and intoxicating odour, whilst the male plants are completely inodorous. (Hamilton’s Flora).
Tinct. leaves and twigs. (Bradford’s Index).
N.O. Subclass: Hamamelidae; Order: Urticales; Family: Cannabaceae or Hemp family
see cannabis indica
Provings: Allen: Cyclopoedia, V. 2, V. 10. Cyclop. Drug Path., V. 1. Hering: Guid. Symptom, V. 3. Hahnemann: Mat. Med. Pura. Jahr: Symp. Codex.
Albert: Observ. sur. chauvre indigene, Strasberg, 1859.
Buchner - Wibmer: A. H. Z., V. 21, p. 380; V. 23, No. 1.
- - - - - -: Jl. Soc. Gall., 1850, pt. 10.
Hartl. u Trinks:
Knorre: A. H. Z., V. 6, p. 34.
Lembke: Zeit. hom. Klinik, V. 4. p. 153.
- - - - - -: Hom. Times, London, No. 71.
Macfarlan: Hom. Phys., V. 13, p. 379.
Norton: Brit. Jl. Hom., July, 1851.
Schreter: Neue Archiv hom. Heilk., V. 3, pt. 1, p. 172.
Wibmer: Die Wirkungen, V. 2. (Bradford’s Index).
Description of the substance
Botanical Information: Cannabis Sativa is an annual. Stem from six to eight feet high or more. Leaves petaled, stipulate, digitate opposite. Leaflets five to seven, lanceolate, acuminate, serrated; outer on the smallest. Male flowers in small, loose racemes or spikes, at the ends of the stem or branches. Female flowers , axillary, solitary, very small; both kinds sometimes occur on the same plant, but always one of them very few in proportion to the other. All the old authors ignorantly call the male flowers female, and vice versa . The leaves in India are chiefly employed for making Bhang and Jubzees, of which the intoxication powers are well known; but a peculiar substance is collected by the natives pressing the upper part of the young plant between their hands, and then scraping of the secretion which adheres; this is known under the name of Chenus, and is so esteemed by Asiatics that they prefer it to wine or opium. According to Dr. Royle, the Cannabis Sativa and Indica are the same plant, only differing in the effects of its preparation from the difference of climate.
Habitat: Herodotus mentions the Cannabis as a Scythian plant. Beerberstein met with it in the Caucasus. Dr. Royle describes it as a plant of Persian origin, and subjected to the severest cold in winter, and the greatest heat in winter. It is well known in Bokhara, Persia, and the Himalayas. Father Hamelin found it in the Illinois in North America. Cultivated in Russia and north of Europe extensively, for commercial purpose; also in France and the south of Italy. It is observed that a difference exists between plants grown in the plains and those on the mountains, and also when grown thickly together. The peculiar principle of the plant is found wanting or very much weakened in those plants which are grown in a very moist climate and thickly together.
Cannabis Indica, according to Dr. Royle, only a variety of the C. Sativa. Leaves alternate. Stem nearly cylindrical, smaller, more branched, and harder than the preceding species. Leaves all constantly alternate. Leaflets linear, lanceolate, very sharp - pointed; in the male plants five to seven, in the females commonly but three, on a petiole, near the top, entirely simple. A native of the East Indies. Its hard stem and thin bark render it incapable of being wrought into filaments, and spun like common hemp, it has strong smell, like that of tobacco. The Indians make of its bark and the expressed juice of its leaves and seeds a liquor, which has a intoxicating quality; and if they which to produce a stronger effect, they either chew or smoke its dried leaves, mingled with tobacco. A little nutmeg, cloves, camphor, and opium, mixed with its juice, form the composition which the Indians call Majek , and which, according to Clusius, is the same as the Malack of the Turks.