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Clematis from the Greek (klema) for branchlet.
Ranuncolaceae;POLYANDRIA, POLYGYNIA, Linn.;Clematis
Description of the substance
A Brief History of Clematis There are over 400 wild varieties of native clematis, in fact most countries in the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere and to some extent in the southern hemisphere have species of clematis. For example, C. alpina is found in eastern Europe and C. cirrhosa in Mediterranean countries, C. vitalba in Britain, C. montana in India, C. lanuginosa in China, C. patens in Japan, C. aristata in Australia, C. afoliata in New Zealand and C. virginiana in America.
Early plant collectors brought examples back to europe, which were soon to enrich it's flora. One of the first to be introduced to England was C. viticella, which was brought from Spain in 1569. This was followed in 1596 by three other European species, C. cirrhosa, C. integrifolia and C. flammula. They were all used in hybridising programmes to produce new varieties. It was not until the 19th century that the stock for the large flowered clematis, which is so admired today was introduced from China, C. lanuginosa for example and C. patens from Japan. The Victorians took to clematis in a big way and the pioneering nursery of Jackmans once held a list of 343. Unfortunately the then little understood disease wilt, decimated the commercial stocks and it was not until after the second world war that nurseries were once more able to pursue serious large scale propagation. However the legacy of the Victorians does live on, many of the popular large flowered clematis available today come from the last century.
Virgin's Bower is a member of the Buttercup Family (Ranunculacae) and is found in the Eastern U.S. from Southern Canada south to Georgia. This climbing vine can be found trailing over fences and shrubs in open, moist areas. Here in Scott County, C. virginiana blooms in late August thru early September. Male and female flowers are found on separate plants; the 1" (2.5 cm) flowers are found in clusters arising from the leaf axils. Feathery fruit develop from the female flowers in autumn. These feathery plumes are sometimes called "Old Man's Beard".
Clematis, genus of plants of the buttercup family, having four or five sepals, no corolla, and numerous one-seeded fruits with long, feathery bristles. The species are numerous, consisting of herbs or shrubs with climbing stems; they are scattered over the temperate countries of the world and are fairly caustic. Many of the varieties are perennial vines, popular for covering fences and arbors. Woodbine and another species are small, white-flowered forms. Other species bear flowers attaining a diameter of up to 20 cm (up to 8 in) and ranging from white to blue or red. Several shrubby, herbaceous, nonclimbing forms are also cultivated.
Scientific classification: The genus Clematis belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. Woodbine is classified as Clematis virginiana, and the other species with small white flowers as Clematis paniculata.
Questa specie è nativa degli Stati Uniti orientali,è una pianta perenne, il suo gambo raggiunge una lunghezza compresa tra 36 e i 300 cm.,il colore è bianco,rosa.Cresce anche in Nuova Scozia,Sud della Nuova Inghilterra,Alabama, Mississippi, Lousiana e Kansas del nord. Fiorisce Tra Luglio e Settembre.Necessita di terreni molto ricchi di nutrimento. Questo genere è caratterizzato dall'avere dai 4 ai 5 sepali senza corolla e numerosi semi fruttiferi piumati.Appartengono a questo genere numerose specie rampicanti.