Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

    Cornus sericea

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    Cornus sericea (stolonifera) L.

    Etymology

    from cornus, horn, in
    reference to the hardness of the wood

    sericea = silky;

    Family

    Traditional name

    Used parts

    Homeopathic preparation:  Tincture of bark. (Bradford’s Index).
    The fresh bark, including that of the root, is treated like that of the first - mentioned species; the resulting tincture has a beautiful madder color by transmitted light, an odor greatly like that of sugar - cane when the juices are slightly soured, an extremely astringent and bitterish taste, and an acid reaction. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).

    Classification

    N.O.  Subclass: Rosidae; Order: Cornales; Family: Cornaceae or Dogwood Family

    Keywords

    Original proving

    Provings:  Allen: Cyclopoedia, V. 10.
         Walker (J. M.): Inaugur. Dissertation, Phila., 1803. (Bradford’s Index.

    Description of the substance

    Botanical Information:  This water - loving shrub grows to a height of from 6 to 12 feet.  Branches  spreading, dark - purplish (not brilliant red);  branchlets  silky - downy.  Leaves  narrowly ovate or elliptical, pointed, smooth above, silky - downy below and often rusty - hairy upon the ribs.  Inflorescence  a flat, close, woolly - pubescent, long - peduncled cyme;  flowers  creamy - white.  Calyx teeth  lanceolate, conspicuous.  Petals  lanceolate - oblong, obtuse.  Stigma  thick, capitate.  Fruit  pale blue, globose. Read description of Cornaceae, p. 71.
    It flowers northward in June, and ripens its azure fruit in September.
         The use of this species in general medicine has mostly been as a substitute for  C .  florida , than which it is less bitter, while being more astringent. The Cree Indians Of Hudson's Bay call the plant  Milawapamule , and the bark in decoction as an emetic in coughs and fevers. They also smoke the scripings of the wood, and make a black dye from the bark by boiling it with iron rust (E. M. Holmes in  Am .  Jour .  Phar ., 1884, 617.) A favorite tobacco mixture of the North American Indians, called  Kinnikinnik  is composed of scrapings of the wood of this species, mixed with tobacco in the proportion of about one to four. A good scarlet dye is made by boiling the rootlets with water. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).

    Habitat: The Swamp Dogwood is indigenous to North America, from Florida to Mississippi and thence northward, where it grows in wet place generally in company with Cephalanthus and Viburnum dentatum. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).


    Leaf: Opposite, simple, arcuately veined, 2 to 4 inches long, somewhat narrow, entire margin, green above, pale below.

    Flower: Monoecious; small, dull white in flat top clusters about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer.

    Fruit: Dull white, 1/4 to 1/3 inch in diameter in rounded clusters. Maturing in late summer to fall.

    Twig: Bright red, sometimes green splotched with red, white pith, buds narrow and tapering, flower buds more swollen.

    Bark: Red to green with numerous lenticels; later developing larger cracks and splits and turning light brown.

    Form: Small to medium sized shrub with numerous stems forming thickets up to 15 feet tall but generally shorter.