Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

    Cuprum phosphoricum

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    Cuprum phosphoricum

    Etymology

    We can identify at least seven diffent roots. The main European branches of the Indo-European language (except Slavic) use derivations from the Latin cuprum.

    1. Cuprum (many languages)
    The original Latin word for copper was æs, but that word was extended to its alloy with tin, bronze, and as this was far more extensively used than pure Copper, the word's primary sense shifted to the alloy and a new word evolved for Copper, from the Latin form of the name of the island of Cyprus (in Greek KuπroV [Kypros]), where copper was mined: Cyprium (æs) (Greek: calkoV kuπrioV [chalkos kuprios]).
    Derivations are used in almost all Italic languages (except Italian!), Celtic and Germanic languages, also Finnish.
    2. Rame (Italian)
    Rame is derived from the original Latin word for Copper æs, æris (later bronze).
    3. Miedz´, med' (Northern Slavic).
    Corruptions from the German "Schmied", "Geschmeide" = jewelry.
    Used in most of the Slavic and Altaic languages.
    4. Bakar (Turkish).
    Used in Turkish, Albanian, Southern Slavic
    5. Varis (Baltic).
    "The ancient indigenous Baltic word for Copper (Latvian vars, Lithuanian varias, Old Prussian wargien) indicates that it was inherited from some ancient period, since it is not borrowed either from the Slavic or Germanic peoples...." (P. Schmidt).
    6. Chalkos (calkoV) (Greek).
    Also in Aromanian.
    7. Nahoshet.
    Arabic and Hebrew.

    Family

    Traditional name

    copper phosphate

    Used parts

    Classification

    Mineral salt

    Keywords

    Original proving

    Description of the substance

    Libthenite is a bright, dark green semi-precious stone. its chemical formula is Cu2OHPO4, copperphosphate. Another green or emerald green stone is pseudomalachite Cu5{OH2PO4]2.

    Libethenite is a rare secondary copper mineral that is noted for its deep green color. It is found in deeply weathered, highly concentrated copper sulfide ore bodies. Libethenite is isostructural with the minerals olivenite, Cu2AsO4(OH) and adamite, Zn2AsO4(OH). This means that they share the same symmetry and crystal shapes. Libethenite's emerald green color and bright luster give it a well earned place in anyones collection.


    Pseudomalachite was named "false malachite" because it is visually similar in appearance to malachite. The dark green waxy botryoidal specimens of pseudomalachite are indeed reminiscent of botryoidal malachite. Both minerals are formed in the oxidation zone of copper ore deposits and are in fact associated with each other. But the much rarer pseudomalachite lacks the characteristic light and dark green banding of malachite and is slightly harder and more dense. To verify an identification, pseudomalachite will not react to warm hydrochloric acid as will malachite.

    Pseudomalachite is trimorphous with the minerals ludjibaite and reichenbachite. A trimorph is a set of three minerals that all have the same chemistry, but they have different structures.