Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Elaps corallinus

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A phospholipase A2 was purified from the Mexican coral snake . Gel filtration of the soluble crude venom on Sephadex g-50 resolved five fractions, of which fraction II had 98% of the total phospholipase activity. This fraction was rechromatographed on a CM-cellulose column that resolved eight fractions, four of which had an important phospholipase activity. The first fraction (II-1) was homogeneous by polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and displayed a phospholipase specific activity of 920 units/mg of protein. The apparent molecular weight as determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis was approx. 14000. The amino acid analysis revealed the presence of 119 amino acid residues, with 12 half-cystines. the N-terminal sequence was shown to be Ser-Leu-Leu-Asx-Phe-Lys-Asx-Met-Ile-Glu-Ser-Thr..., which is homologous with that of phospholipases from other snake venoms.


Toxicon. 1997 Aug;35(8):1193-203.   
Toxins isolated from the venom of the Brazilian coral snake (Micrurus frontalis frontalis) include hemorrhagic type phospholipases A2 and postsynaptic neurotoxins.
Francis BR, da Silva Junior NJ, Seebart C, Casais e Silva LL, Schmidt JJ, Kaiser II.
Department of Molecular Biology, University of Wyoming, Laramie 82071-3944, USA.

Toxins isolated from the venom of the Brazilian coral snake (Micrurus frontalis frontalis) include hemorrhagic type phospholipases A2 and postsynaptic neurotoxins. Toxicon 35, 1193-1203, 1997.-Two sets of proteins have been purified from the venom of the Brazilian coral snake, Micrurus frontalis frontalis. One set has mol. wts, as shown by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), in the 8000-13,000 range and includes some proteins which are toxic to mice and others which are not. These proteins appear to be isoforms of postsynaptic toxins. The other set shows phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity and the toxic members of this set promote hemorrhage in mice in a manner closely resembling that produced by PLA2s isolated from the venom of the Australian tiger snake (Notechis scutatus scutatus). These PLA2s migrate on SDS-PAGE with apparent mol. wts in the 18,000-22,000 range which is characteristic of PLA2s that have an alpha-helix D similar to pancreatic PLA2s. Elapid venom PLA2s of the type which typically migrate on SDS-PAGE with mol. wts in the 13,000-16,000 range and do not have alpha-helix D have not been detected in M. f. frontalis venom.