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From the Latin "fragrans", odorous, on account of the aroma of the fruit.
Grieve says that the word strawberry comes from the obsolete preterit
“straw” of the verb “to strew”, referring to the tangle of vines with which the strawberry covers the ground.
French: Le fraisier.
Tincture of the ripe fruit.
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Rosales; Rosaceae - Rose Family
Allen: Cyclopoedia, V. 4. V. 10. Jahr: Symp. Codex.
Mentioned in Homoeopathic Literature in 1833, by Dr. Gross.
Description of the substance
Root perennial, horizontal, knotty; stolons creeping along the ground and rooting at the end, sending therefrom young plants, following in the due time the same process; stem none. Leaves mostly radical, ternately compound, hairy; stipules adherent to the base of the petioles of the redical leaves; leaflets sessile or nearly so, cuneate - obovate, coarsely serrate, and so strongly veined as to appear plicate; petioles much longer than the leaves. Inflorescence loose leafy cymes, upon long naked scapes; leaves of the cymes small; stipules lanceolate - oblong, acute; pedicels erect or drooping; flowers white. Calyx concave at the base and furnished with 5 intermediate bracteoles alternate with its lobes; the whole remaining spread or reflexed in fruit; lobes acute. Petals 5, obtuse, somewhat crenate edged. Stamens small, indefinite. styles deeply lateral. Fruit consisting of the greatly enlarged and now pulpy and scarlet globular receptacle; achenia dry, scattered upon the surface of the fruit, not sunk in pits.
The Wild Strawberry grows on dry and rocky banks, where it is common throughout the North Temperate Zone in Europe, Asia, and America. With us it is thoroughly indigenous North, flowering in May and June and fruiting in July and August. This species, together with F. Virginica - which is more common, grows in richer soil, and has the achenia sunk in pits upon the surface of the receptacle - form our delicious wild strawberries. The other North American species of Fragaria are F. Virginica var. Illinoensis, Gray, supposed to be the original of the "Boston Pine" and "Hovey's Seedling; " and var. glauca, Watson; F. Californica, C. & S.; F. Chilensis, Duch.; and var. Scouleri, Hook; and F. Indica, Andr. an adventive form. The F. Virginica, Ehr., is supposed to be the original of the beautiful scarlet Virginia strawberry. Rafinesque judged that about one hundred varieties existed, but contented himself with naming only seven of F. vesca, of which, however, none are recognized by botanists to - day.
The previous medical uses of Fragaria were few; the berries were ordered to be freely eaten of in various calcareous disorders. Many early writers considered the fruit as beneficial in gouty affections; Linnaeus extols their efficacy in preventing paroxysms of gout in his own case; and Rosseau claims that he was always relieved of a calcareous affliction by eating freely of them. The root in infusion has been used in England for dysuria and gonorrhoea. The dried leaves (Strawberry Tea) yield a slightly astringent infusion used in domestic practice as an excitant, and as an astringent in diarrhoea and dysentery.
The Wild Strawberry, a delicate, thin-leaved plant, with small, scarlet berries, cone-shaped and studded with tiny, brown 'seeds,' has a fragrance and flavour more delicate even than the cultivated Strawberry. It chooses a slightly sheltered position, and, being very small, considerable labour goes to the collection of its fruit, which is much more used and appreciated in France than in Great Britain.
1629 is the date assigned to the introduction of the Scarlet Strawberry from Virginia, and the earliest mention of the Strawberry in English writings is in a Saxon plant list of the tenth century, and in 1265 the 'Straberie' is mentioned in the household roll of the Countess of Leicester. 'Strabery ripe,' together with 'Gode Peascode' and 'Cherrys in the ryse,' were some of the London cries mentioned by Lydgate in the fifteenth century. Ben Jonson, in a play written in 1603, speaks of:
'A pot of Strawberries gathered in the wood
To mingle with your cream.'
The common idea that the word Strawberry is derived from the habit of placing straw under the cultivated plants when the berries are ripening is quite erroneous. The name is older than this custom, and preserves the obsolete preterit 'straw' of the verb 'to strew,' referring to the tangle of vines with which the Strawberry covers the ground.