Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Fragaria vesca

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Constituents:  The fruit contains cisso - tanic, (See under  Ampelopsis quinquefolia ,  p .40 - 2 .) malic, and citric acids; sugar, mucilage, and a peculiar volatile aromatic body uninvestigated. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).

A much more modern analysis of constituents - Fructose, Sulphur, Iron, Citric acid, Malic acid, Ellagic acid, Lignin, the Anthocyanidins Cyanidin and Pelargonidin, Phenethyl Isothiocyanate,  Pectin , Vitamins B,C, and E.

Toxicology:  It is a patent fact that many people with delicate stomach find it almost impossible to eat strawberries and cream - especially early in the season - without suffering from symptoms of disordered digestion; the symptoms often culminating in quite severe attacks. A case in my practice several years ago, while a small - pox scare was prevalent in this city, gave nearly all the symptoms of the toxic effect of the fruit. A young lady, closely veiled, called hastily upon me early one morning, and when seated, withdrew her veil, and in a frightened manner desired to know if she had small - pox. Her face was swollen, bluish - red, and covered with a fine petechial eruption, which she said covered her whole body, but especially her face and trunk. She complained of feeling at times somewhat faint, slightly nauseated, and generally swollen, but especially in the epigastric region and abdomen; her speech was somewhat difficult, and examination showed a swollen tongue. I laughingly ventured ventured asking her - although it was winter - where she had found strawberries, whereupon she asked me, in astonishment, how I knew she had been eating the fruit, adding that a friend in Florida sent her about two quarts, among other fruit, and that she had a lady friend had eaten them all the night before, on retiring. As the symptoms had apparently reached their height, I told her the cause, and advised that she eat nothing for twenty - four hours, giving no remedy, that I might watch the pure symptoms. In the afternoon of the same day the skin was hot and swollen, the patient thirsty and restless, and little sleep was gained that night; the next day the eruption began to fade, the appetite returned, and restlessness ceased. On the third day exfoliation began and was very profuse, the skin appearing quite similar to the condition existing after a severe attack of scarlatina. The young lady who shared her fruit exhibited no symptoms whatever. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).

Pharmacology - The pectin content reduces cholesterol levels. Ohio State University states that people who consume strawberries are less likely to develop cancer due to the Ellagic acid.
The Phenethyl isothiocyanate helps to kill the cancer cells in lung cancer.
Strawberries inhibit the conversion of Nitrates and Nitrites to carcinogenic Nitrosamines due to their polyphenols.
Extract of strawberries inactivates the Polio virus.

Chemistry: Fragarianine, fragarine, quinotannic acid.
The fresh, ripe berries, dealt with as in the preceding drug, yield an opaque tincture, having, when in thin layers, a deep brownish - carmine color by transmitted light. This tincture has a very astringent, somewhat vinous taste, odor of the berries, and a strong acid reaction.
The fruit contains cisso - tanic, malic, and citric acids; sugar, mucilage, and a peculiar volatile aromatic body uninvestigated.

Laxative, diuretic, astringent. Both the leaves and the fruit were in early pharmacopoeias, though the leaves were mostly used. The fruit contains malic and citric acids, a volatile matter, sugar, mucilage, pectin, woody fibre and water. It is easily digested and is not subject to acetous fermentation in the stomach. In feverish conditions the fruit is invaluable, and is also recommended for stone. Strawberry vitamins are of value in sprue. Culpepper declares the plant to be 'singularly good for the healing of many ills,' but Linnaeus was the first to discover and prove the efficacy of the berries as a cure for rheumatic gout.

The root is astringent and used in diarrhoea. The leaves have the same property, and a tea made from them checks dysentery. The stalks only entered into the composition of the once-famous Antioch drink and vulnerary. Some recipes order that the drink should be prepared between the feasts of St. Philip and St. James and the Nativity of St. John the Baptist.

The Strawberry is a useful dentifrice and cosmetic. The fresh fruit removes discoloration of the teeth if the juice is allowed toremain on for about five minutes and the teeth are then cleansed with warm water, to which a pinch of bicarbonate of soda has been added. A cut Strawberry rubbed over the face immediately after washing will whiten the skin and remove slight sunburn. For a badly sunburnt face it is recommended to rub the juice well into the skin, to leave it on for half an hour, and then wash off with warm water to which a few drops of simple tincture of benzoin have been added; no soap should be used.

 Pharm Acta Helv. 1989;64(11):316-20.
Anti-ulcer activity of procyanidins preparation of water-soluble procyanidin-cimetidine complexes.
Vennat B, Gross D, Pourrat H, Pourrat A, Bastide P, Bastide J.

The anti-ulcer properties of water-soluble procyanidins prepared by fermentation of tannins from Fragaria vesca were studied. Complexes of procyanidins and cimetidine were prepared. The procyanidins increased the water-solubility of the cimetidine and may prevent undesirable nitrosamine formation in the stomach as they block its cyanamide function.