Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Hedeoma pulegioides

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Hedeoma pulegioides

Etymology

Pulegioides derives from the Latin word, pulex, a flea.

Family

Traditional name

Other Names:  Persoon. Cunila P. Melissa P. Ziziphora P.
Common Names:  American Pennyroyal. Mock Pennyroyal. Tick-weed. Squaw mint. Stinking balm. thickweed, mosquito plant, squaw balm, fleabane.

Used parts

Tincture of the whole plant.

Classification

N.O.  Subclass: Asteridae; Order: Lamiales; Family: Labiatae/Lamiaceae or Mint Family

Keywords

Original proving

Allen: Cyclopoedia, V. 4. Hale: New Rem., 2d ed.
Toothaker: Phila. Jl. Hom., V. 2, p. 655.   
PENNYROYAL OIL .
Toothaker: Phila. Jl. Hom., V. 2, p. 655. (Bradford’s Index).

Description of the substance

Botanical Information:  This common, annual herb, grows to a height of from 6 to 12 inches.  Stem  erect, minutely pubescent, branching;  hairs  retuse.  Leaves  oblong - ovate, obscurely serrate, the floral similar, all narrowed at the base into a slender petiole.  Inflorescence  in loose, few - flowered, axillary whorls, often having the appearance of terminal racemes;  flowers  very small, pedicillate.  Calyx  ovoid or tubular, gibbous at the base, 13 - nerved, bearded in the throat, and more or less two - lipped;  upper  -  lip  3 - toothed, broad and spreading;  teeth  triangular;  lower  -  lip  2 - cleft, divisions setaceous - subulate, and hispid - ciliate.  Corolla  bluish, pubescent, scarcely exceeding the calyx;  tube  naked within;  limb  2 - lipped, the throat evenly open;  upper  -  lip  erect, flat, and notched at the apex;  lower  -  lip  spreading, 3 - cleft.  Stamens  4, the inferior (fertile pair the longer;  fertile filaments  ascending parallel and under the upper - lip;  sterile  tipped with a little head, destitute of cells or pollen.  Anthers  of fertile stamens, 2 - celled.  Fruiting calyx  ovate - campanulate, strongly gibbous, the throat closed with a ring of villous hairs.  Nutlets  4, ovoid, brown, slightly compressed.
     The American Pennyroyal differs largely from the European  Mentha pulegium  in its botanical characters, but its action, as a medicine, is very like it. Our species is extensively used, in domestic practice, as an aromatic stimulant and carminative in colic of children; a diaphoretic in the beginning of colds (Pennyroyal Tea); and in large doses of a hot infusion, together with the pediluvium, in amenorrhoea. In the latter trouble, if of recent occurrence, it will often bring on the menses, nicely; and, combined with a gill of brewer's yeast, it frequently acts well as an abortivant, should the intender be not too late with her prescription. The oil is anti - emetic, anti - spasmodic, and rubefacient in rheumatism; with raw linseed oil, it makes an excellent dressing for recent burns. The oil has been recommended as an ointment to keep off gnats, ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes; many who have camped in the northern woods, have anointed their hands, neck, and face with this body, to guard against the pests of that region, but with only partial success.
     The herb and  Oleum Hedeomae  are officinal in the U. S. Ph.; in the Eclectic Dispensatory, the oil and  Decoctum Hedeomae  are recommended. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).

Habitat: This species is indigenous to North America, where it ranges from Canada to Iowa, and southward. It grows upon the most arid spots of open woods and fields, and blossoms from July to September. (Millspaugh’s Medicinal Plants).