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A myth of the sunflower
This is one of the Greek mythologies. A water sprite Clytia falls in love with the sun god Apollo and stands up straight for nine days and nights with thinking of him. However, her love not catching him, she was changed a sunflower by a lot of sunshine getting. Her love is always in the sun. That is even now to go on staring him on the ground.
Helios was the Sun god in Greek mythology. As the god of the Sun, Helios was thought to ride a chariot drawn by horses through the sky, bringing light to the earth. The journey of the Sun, naturally, began in the East and ended in the West, at which point Helios completed his daily rounds and floated back to his Eastern palace in a golden bowl. Details of this compelling description of Helios's role as Sun god appear in myth, literature, poetry, and art.
According to the Greek poet Hesiod, Helios was the son of two Titans - Theia and Hyperion. In Hesiod's Theogony, therefore, Helios was also the brother of Eos (the goddess of Dawn) and Selene (the goddess of the Moon). It is interesting to note that the Dawn goddess Eos began the procession of morning, followed closely by her brother Helios.
There are several myths in which Helios plays a part. One of the most memorable of these tales is the legend of Phaethon. The Sun god also appears in the sad story of the ill-fated nymph Clytie. However, Helios is at his best as a sort of heavenly spy, from whom not much can be kept secret. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, the goddess Demeter asks Helios for assistance in locating her daughter Persephone. Likewise, it is the Sun god who first notices the affair that is taking place between the Olympians Aphrodite and Ares in the Odyssey.
Helios was also the father to some important mythical characters. With his wife, the Oceanid Perseis, Helios had three legendary children - Circe, Pasiphae, and Aeetes (incidentally, the couple had a number of other, less illustrious, children). The god also had numerous relationships with women that resulted in the birth of offspring. The aforementioned Phaethon, for example, was the product of such a union. These "children of the Sun" were sometimes referred to as Heliades in Greek mythology and literature.
Helios was known by the name Sol in Roman mythology.
In Greek mythology, Apollo was the son of Zeus (Jupiter) and Leto (Letona). He was the twin brother of the goddess Artemis. He was the god of the Sun, logic, and reason, and was also a fine musician and healer.
Leto travelled all over Greece to find a place to give birth to Apollo. She finally came upon an island named Delos. The island agreed to allow the birth of Apollo if he in turn founded a temple on the island. Leto agreed, and when Apollo grew up, he changed Delos into a beautiful island.
Apollo was known as the god who could foretell the future. His most famous sacred place was at Delphi, site of the Oracle of Delphi.
The Romans also believed in Apollo as the god of light, music, and healing.
vedi fig 2 picture,-more: Apollo Parnaso. Raffaello, 1511
vedi fig. 1 picture,-more: Sandro Botticelli: "Primavera" (1478). "Primavera" in Italian means "Spring." In this wonderful painting by Botticelli, Apollo is depicted at far left. At the center is Venus, on Venus'left the three Graces, and on her right the goddess Flora. At the far right of the painting is the wind god Zephir pursuing the nymph Chloris. Zephir's breath cause the nymph to sprout flowers from her mouth.
Also, he has undiminished Beauty and Virility. You name it, he has it. Thoroughly sickening to us mere mortals.
But he is not entirely the Mr Nice Guy he would have us believe. There are women he pursued who won’t talk due to transformation or worse. Daphne is now a laurel tree and Clytia is a sunflower.
Sudden deaths are not uncommon when he is around – and don’t try to compete with him musically. It’s all very well to be played alive but not flayed alive like poor old Marsyas. Or to be given the ears of an ass like poor old King Midas. CASSANDRA never got another chance either, nor was he very pleasant to the SIBYL-OF-CUMAE, granting her immortality but leaving out the age clause.
His son ASCLEPIUS was the result of another unfortunate lapse. Having had an affair with the mortal daughter of a king, APOLLO was consumed with jealousy when he discovered she had another suitor, and, out of control, he killed her. In a fit of remorse he was just in time to rescue her unborn child and have him brought up with the best education to be ASCLEPIUS, the Deity Doctor.
He met his match in ZEUS, and a tussle for power earned him a period in exile; but as ZEUS had zapped his son ASCLEPIUS, zapping the Cyclope thunderbolt makers seems justifiable. It can be very tough at the top and all in all APOLLO handles it very well what with ZEUS being his dad, having ARTEMIS for a twin sister, etc.
Sunflower and Fibonacci
Click on the image on the right of the picture's section, for a Quicktime animation of 120 seeds appearing from a single central growing point. Each new seed is just phi (0·618) of a turn from the last one (or, equivalently, there are Phi (1·618) seeds per turn). The animation shows that, no matter how big the seed head gets, the seeds are always equally spaced. At all stages the Fibonacci Spirals can be seen.
The same pattern shown by these dots (seeds) is followed if the dots then develop into leaves or branches or petals. Each dot only moves out directly from the central stem in a straight line.
This process models what happens in nature when the "growing tip" produces seeds in a spiral fashion. The only active area is the growing tip - the seeds only get bigger once they have appeared.
[This animation was produced by Maple. If there are N seeds in one frame, then the newest seed appears nearest the central dot, at 0·618 of a turn from the angle at which the last appeared. A seed which is i frames "old" still keeps its original angle from the exact centre but will have moved out to a distance which is the square-root of i.]
The same happens in many seed and flower heads in nature, and sunflower are one of the most beautyfull exemple!!
The reason seems to be that this arrangement forms an optimal packing of the seeds so that, no matter how large the seed head, they are uniformly packed at any stage, all the seeds being the same size, no crowding in the centre and not too sparse at the edges.
The spirals are patterns that the eye sees, "curvier" spirals appearing near the centre, flatter spirals (and more of them) appearing the farther out we go.
So the number of spirals we see, in either direction, is different for larger flower heads than for small. On a large flower head, we see more spirals further out than we do near the centre. The numbers of spirals in each direction are (almost always) neighbouring Fibonacci numbers!
The history of the sunflower
The sunflower is a only crop clitivated by seeds, originated in the North America. And this was grown as not only a common crop but for a important, high-energy food source in the native American tribes living througout the north America. Evidence suggests that the plant was cultivated by Indians in present-day Arizona and New Mexico about 3000 BC. Some archaeologists suggest that sunflower may have been domesticated before corn. Sunflower was used in many ways throughout the various Indian tribes. Seed was ground or pounded into flour for cakes, mush or bread. Some tribes mixed the meal with other vegetables such as beans, squash, and corn. The seed was also cracked and eaten for a snack. There are references of squeezing the oil from the seed and using the oil in making bread. Non-food uses include purple dye for textiles, body painting and other decorations. Parts of the plant were used medicinally ranging from snakebite to other body ointments. The oil of the seed was used on the skin and hair. The dried stalk was used as a building material. The plant and the seeds were widely used in ceremonies.
In the 1500s, Spanish adventurers found a sunflower by accident. And they carried back it to Europe and told the citizens it as a strange flower, and it was widely used mainly as a decorative (appreciational) plant at Western Europe. By 1716, an English patent was granted for squeezing oil from sunflower seed. However, this was never regarded as a edible plant till it was traveled to Russia. The plant was initially used as an ornamental, but by 1769 literature mentions sunflower cultivated by oil production. By 1830, the manufacture of sunflower oil was done on a commercial scale. By early in the nineteenth century, Russian farmers had grown a great number of sunflowers at the estate more than two hundreds acre. During that time, two specific types had been identified: oil-type for oil production and a large variety for direct human consumption. And Russian agronomists were responsible for the first agricultural hybrids. By latter in the nineteenth centry, Russian sunflower's seeds were gotten back to the United States again with Russinan and German immigrants. By 1880, seed companies were advertising the 'Mammoth Russian' sunflower seed in catalogues. This particular seed name was still being offered in the US for more than 100 years. Sunflower began as an important agronomic crop in the U.S. in the 1950's, starting in North Dakota and Minnesota.
The wild sunflower could have not been seen only throughout the north America, but also a ditch along the path in the other countries. The kind of sunflower found in the habitat of the native American has fifty major seeds and nineteen sub-seeds. And these nature sunflowers have various faces and petals, and need help of insects to pollinate. And these sunflowers belong the hereditary basis of the sunflower producted for commerce today has a only face, petal, and no necessity of help to pollinate
Sunflowers are now grown extensively worldwide although it is ironic that it was only in the 1970's that largescale planting started taking place in its country of origin in the USA. Sunflower oil has the advantages of having high levels of polyunsaturated fats and smokes little in frying. It is used extensively for producing salad oils and margarine. The residue after squeezing out the oil from the seeds is used as a high protein source for livestock.