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Medicinal Action and Uses---Diuretic, tonic, diaphoretic, expectorant, alterative, antiseptic, astringent and gently stimulant. It was employed by the ancients in certain diseases of women, also in phthisis, in dropsy and in skin affections. Its name 'Scabwort' arose from the fact that a decoction of it is said to cure sheep affected with the scab, and the name 'Horse-heal' was given it from its reputed virtues in curing the cutaneous diseases of horses.
In herbal medicine it is chiefly used for coughs, consumption and other pulmonary complaints, being a favourite domestic remedy for bronchitis. It has been employed for many years with good results in chest affections, for which it is a valuable medicine as it is in all chronic diseases of the lungs asthma and bronchitis. It gives relief to the respiratory difficulties and assists expectoration. Its principal employment as a separate remedy is in acute catarrhal affections, and in dyspepsia attended with relaxation and debility, given in small, warm and frequently repeated doses. It is, however, seldom given alone, but most frequently preferred in combination with other medicines of a similar nature. It is best given in the form of decoction, the dose being a small teaspoonful, three times a day.
The root used not only to be candied and eaten as a sweetmeat, but lozenges were made of it. It has been employed in whooping-cough. It is sometimes employed in the form of a confection for piles, 1 OZ. of powdered root being mixed with 2 OZ. of honey.
In the United States, it has also been highly recommended, both for external use and internal administration in diseases of the skin, an old use of the root that has maintained its reputation for efficacy.
Externally applied, it is somewhat rubefacient, and has been employed as an embrocation in the treatment of sciatica, facial and other neuralgia.
Of late years, modern scientific research has proved that the claims of Elecampane to be a valuable remedy in pulmonary diseases has a solid basis. One authority, Korab, showed in 1885 that the active, bitter principle, Helenin, is such a powerful antiseptic and bactericide, that a few drops of a solution of 1 part in 10,000 immediately kills the ordinary bacterial organisms, being peculiarly destructive to the Tubercle bacillus. He gave it successfully in tubercular and catarrhal diarrhoeas, and praised it also as an antiseptic in surgery. In Spain it has been made use of as a surgical dressing. Obiol, in 1886, stated it to be an efficient local remedy in the treatment of diphtheria, the false membrane being painted with a solution of Helenin in Oil of Almond.
Proprieta' dell'enula campana solo la radice dimostra particolari proprietà salutari. Tra i suoi costituenti ricordiamo un olio volatile, elernina, alantolo, inuina, resina ecc. Le principali proprietà medicinali della piana sono bechiche, stomatiche, diuretiche. Come bechico sono molto note le proprietà espettoranti e quelle calmanti della tosse e degli spasmi bronchiali.
Elenina, inulina, alantopicrina
L'Enula campana è molto utile nel trattamento dei disturbi dell'apparato respiratorio. Il suo principio attivo, l'elenina, calma la tosse, modifica la secrezione bronchiale, disinfetta l'albero respiratorio e risolve le bronchiti catarrali conseguenti a raffreddamento. Inoltre ha la proprietà di fluidificare e stimolare la secrezione biliare, aumentare la diuresi, eliminare i vermi intestinali; in linea generale, secondo le più moderne vedute, l'Enula campana è utile per il trattamento contemporaneo del fegato e del rene, cioè disturbi della cistifellea, calcolosi epatica e renale, gotta, artrite, scarsa secrezione urinaria con iperazotemia.
Per uso esterno l'Enula campana è un rimedio classico per pruriti conseguenti a eczema, erpes, eruzioni cutanee in genere.
Le preparazioni di Enula campana sono amare e di sapore particolare tale da risultare poco gradevoli a taluni.
Note: Il rizoma della Enula è utilizzato per la preparazione di vini aromatici.
Il rizoma : Come sedativo e antisettico per le infiammazioni e i pruriti della pelle e delle zone inguinali.