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Pilocarpus pennatifolius. P. selloanus. Ottonia anisum. Piper jaborandi
From New Latin Pilocarpus pennatifolius jaborandi; Latin pilus hair Greek karpo`s fruit: compare to the French expression pilocarpine The word jaborandi comes from the Tupi Indians and it means “what causes slobbering”
English Pilocarpus; German: jaborndiblatter, French: Jaborandi.
Indian hemp, jaborandi-do-norte, catai-guacu, ibiratai, pimenta-de-cachorro, arruda do mato, arruda brava, jamguarandi, juarandi.
trituration of leaves
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Rutales; Rutaceae - Citrus Family
Introduced by Coutinho in 1874; Allen: Encyclopedia Mat. med., Vol. V. 165; Hering: Guiding Symptoms, Vol. VI, 278; Clarke; A Dictionary of Practical Mat. Med., Vol. II, 56.
Description of the substance
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The leaflets are, dull brownish-green in colour, from 6 to 10 centimetres in length oval-oblong, or oblong-lanceolate in shape, and coriaceous in texture. The margin is entire, and the apex emarginate. The leaves are, with the exception of the terminal leaflet, unequal at the base, and shortly petiolate. The upper surface is glabrous, the lateral veinlets are distinctly prominent; the under surface sometimes bears a few scattered hairs. The mesophyll contains numerous oil glands, which are easily visible when examined by transmitted light. The crushed leaves emit a somewhat aromatic odour; they have a pungent and aromatic taste, and produce a copious flow of saliva when chewed. The drug yields about 7 per cent. of ash on incineration.
The leaves in size and texture bear some resemblance to those of the cherry-laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), but are less polished on. the upper surface. The flowers, which are produced in spring and early summer, are borne on a raceme, 6 or 8 in. long, and the fruit consists of five carpels, of which not more than two or three usually arrive at maturity.
Jaborandi refers to a three to seven meter high shrubby tree with smooth grey bark, large leathery leaves and thick, small, reddish-purple flowers. The leaves contain an essential oil which gives off an aromatic balsam smell when they are crushed. Jaborandi is native to South and Central America and to the West Indies. Several Pilocarpus species are called jaborandi and used interchangeably in commerce and herbal medicine, including the main Brazilian species of commerce: P. jaborandi, and P. microphyllus, and the Paraguay species P. pennatifolius. All three tree species are very similar in appearance, chemical constituents and traditional herbal medicine uses. The word jaborandi comes from the Tupi Indians and it means “what causes slobbering” describing its ancient use in their rainforest herbal pharmacopeia.