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Juglans comes from the Latin name for walnut, which is derived from the words jovis, meaning "of Jupiter," and glans, meaning acorn.
Cinerea comes from the Latin word meaning ash-colored, referring to the bark.
butternut: From the nut's oiliness
Other Names: J. cathartica.
Common Names: Butternut. White walnut. Oil nut.
Homeopathic preparation: Tinct. of bark and leaves. (Bradford’s Index).
N.O. Subclass: Hamamelidae; Order: Juglandales; Family: Juglandaceae or Walnut Family
photos are of juglans regia
Provings: Allen: Cyclopoedia, V. 5, V. 10. Cyclop. Drug Path., V. 3. Hale: New Rem., 2d ed. Hering: Guid. Symptoms, V. 6.
Clark: Am. Hom. Obs., V. 8, p. 175.
Burnett: Am. Hom. Obs., V. 15, p. 331. Mo. Hom. Rev., V. 22, p. 205.
Paine: Am. Hom. Obs., V. 3, p. 547. (Bradford’s Index).
Description of the substance
Botanical Information: Juglans is the old Latin name for the Walnut tree, probably from Jovis glans, the nut of Jupiter, alluding to the fact that the ancients regarded the nuts as food of the gods. Cinerea comes from L. cinereus, ash-coloured, referring to the greyish colour of the young branches.
The tree has a high aesthetic value and produces excellent wood. It is one of the hardiest northern nut trees but is frequently short-lived because of its susceptibility to fungal and virus bunch diseases. The fruit, which has a sticky, hairy surface, usually grows in clusters. The nut is egg shaped, with four visible veins and less conspicuous ones. It has a very hard shell; the two halves cannot be separated. There are used to make modern jewellery. (Vermeulen’s Synoptic ll).
Habitat: The tree is common in the eastern United States, where is has been cultivated since 1833. It never exceeds 30 metres, while the black walnut can reach a height of 50 metres. Butternuts grow better than the black walnut on poor soil. (Vermeulen’s Synoptic ll).
The leaves possess much the same properties as the Black Walnut. The inner bark of the root is the best for medicinal use and should be collected in May or June; it is generally found in quills, curved strips or chips from 1/8 to 1/2 inch thick, deep brown in colour all through, outer surface smooth and a little warty, inner surface smooth and striate with fragments and thin stringy fibre, short fracture, weak and fibrous, odour slightly aromatic, taste bitter (astringent and acrid). The powdered drug is dark brown. [A Modern Herbal; Mrs. M. Grieve]
This is an indigenous forest tree, known in different sections of the country by the various names of Butternut, Oilnut, and White Walnut. In favorable situations it attains a great size, rising sometimes fifty feet in height, with a trunk three or four feet in diameter at the distance of five feet from the ground. The stem divides at a small distance from the ground into numerous horizontal branches, which spread widely and form a large tufted head, giving to the tree a peculiar aspect. The young branches are smooth and of a grayish color, which has given origin to the specific name of the plant. The leaves are very long, and consist of seven or eight pairs of sessile leaflets, and a single petiolate leaflet at the extremity. These are two or three inches in length, oblong - lanceolate, rounded at the base, acuminate, finely serrate and somewhat downy. The male and female flowers are distinct upon the same tree. The former are in large aments, four or five inches long, handing down from the sides of the shoots of the preceding year's growth, near their extremity. The fertile flowers are at the end of the shoots of the same spring. The germ is surmounted by two, large, feathery, rose - colored stigmas. The fruit is sometimes single, suspended by a thin, pliable peduncle; sometimes several are attached to the sides and extremity of the same peduncles. The The drupe is oblong - oval with a terminal projection, hairy, viscid, green in the immature state, but brown when ripe. It contains a hard, dark - colored, oblong pointed nut, with a rough, deeply and irregular furrowed surface. The kernel is thick, oily, and pleasant to the taste.
History. The Butternut grows in Upper and Lower Canada, and throughout the whole Northern, Eastern, and Western United States. In the Middle States the flowers appear in May, and the fruit ripens in September.