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Antiphlogistic; Depurative; Diuretic; Febrifuge; Lenitive; Lithontripic; Pectoral; Sedative.
The pith of the stem is antiphlogistic, depurative, discutient, diuretic, febrifuge, lenitive, lithontripic, pectoral and sedative. It is used in the treatment of sore throats, jaundice, edema, acute urinary tract infection and morbid crying of babies.
Evaluation of the Antioxidant potential of Natural Products Mediated by Inhibition of Xanthine Oxidase Activity.
Kyung Ae Nam and Sang Kook Lee. Natural Product Sciencs, 5(4), 165-171, 1999.
Since reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in carcinogenesis and other several human diseases, antioxidants present in consumable fruits, vegetables, and beverages have received considerable attention as cancer chemopreventive agents. Thus, in order to identify antioxidants in plant extracts, potential activity was assessed by determining with inhibition of a xanthine/xanthine oxidase assay system. Approximately 170 plant extracts of Korean herbal medicines were primarily evaluated for the potential of antioxidant activity. As a result, 13 plant extracts were found to be active (IC50 < 100 g/ml). Especially, Juncus effusus, Selaginella tamariscina, Pueraria thunbergiana and Sedum albroseum showed strong inhibitory activity in this process. Further studies for the identification of active principles from these active lead plant extracts might be warranted.
Plant contains Mercury.
Possibly toxic to mammals.
Chemosphere. 2006 May;63(6):1054-9.
Phytotreatment of propellant contamination.
Riefler RG, Medina VF.
Department of Civil Engineering, Ohio University, Athens, 141 Stocker Center, OH 45701, USA.
Nitroglycerine (NG) and 2,4-dinitrotoluene (2,4-DNT) are propellants often found in soil and groundwater at military firing ranges. Because of the need for training with live ammunition, control or cleanup of these contaminants may be necessary for the continued use of these firing ranges. One inexpensive approach for managing sites exposed to these contaminants is the use phytoremedation, particularly using common or native grasses. In this study, the uptake of NG and 2,4-DNT from water by three common grasses, yellow nutsedge (Cyperus escalantus), yellow foxtail (Setaria glauca), and common rush (Juncus effusus), was investigated using hydroponic reactors. Rapid removal from solution by all grasses was observed, with yellow nutsedge removal rates being the highest. NG or 2,4-DNT accumulated in the tissues in all of the plants, except yellow foxtail did not accumulate NG. Higher concentrations were observed in killed roots, demonstrating the presence of plant-based enzymes actively transforming the contaminants. Yellow nutsedge was also grown in 2,4-DNT spiked soil. Significant uptake into the plants roots and leaves was observed and concentrations in the soil decreased rapidly, although 2,4-DNT concentration also decreased in the unplanted controls. In summary, the three grasses tested appear to be good candidates for phytoremediation of propellant contamination.
Am J Bot. 2000 Jun;87(6):853-860.
Allelochemical autotoxicity in the emergent wetland macrophyte Juncus effusus (Juncaceae).
Ervin GN, Wetzel RG.
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487-0206 USA.
Bioassays for allelochemical toxicity of aboveground Juncus effusus tissues were conducted with seeds and seedlings of Eleocharis obtusa and Scirpus cyperinus, two emergent sedge species (Cyperaceae) found sympatric with J. effusus, and with seeds and seedlings of J. effusus itself to evaluate potential autotoxicity. Bioassays were performed under controlled, axenic conditions with aqueous shoot extract treatments simulating in situ dissolved organic carbon concentrations. With respect to the two sedge species, neither shoot development nor seedling biomass accrual was significantly suppressed by lyophilized whole extracts from J. effusus. Although the extracts induced no significant reduction in growth of E. obtusa or S. cyperinus, biomass-specific chlorophyll a concentration was significantly reduced in E. obtusa seedlings. In contrast, seedlings of J. effusus exhibited significant reductions of biomass and chlorophyll a concentrations, and seedling shoot development was retarded in response to leachate exposure. Results of the present study suggest that J. effusus seedlings possess autotoxic sensitivity to extracts of dead, aboveground tissues of adult plants.