Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Juniperus virginiana

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juniperus virginiana

Etymology

Family

Traditional name

English: Juniperi berry; Hindi: Hanbera; German: Wachholder.
Italiano: ginepro

Used parts

fruit

Classification

Plantae; Spermatophyta, Gymnospermae; Coniferopsida - Conifers; Coniferales; Cupressaceae

Keywords

thuja-like

Original proving

Boericke, Materia Medica with Repertory 360.

Description of the substance

The 2 fotos are taken from Wikipedia, the author, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released them into the public domain (License: see here). Thank you very much!

 

Eastern redcedar is a relatively long-lived evergreen that may reach 450+ years. It has 2 distinct growth forms. The most familiar form is narrowly conical with its branches growing up and out at a sharp angle to form a compact tree. The 2nd form is broadly conical with branches that spread widely. Both forms can be found throughout eastern redcedar's range. Some authors describe the 2 forms in terms of age: young trees have the narrowly pyramidal or columnar shape with crowns becoming open and irregular as trees age. Others suggest differences in crown form are attributed to variety, with J.v. var. virginiana displaying the columnar form and J.v. var. silicicola more broadly conical to rounded.

Eastern redcedar has thin, fibrous bark that is 0.3 to 0.64 inch (0.75-1.6 cm) thick. Leaves of eastern redcedar are borne in 2 forms. On seedlings and new twigs, leaves are pointed and awl-shaped. On mature branches, closely overlapping scale-like leaves fit tightly against the twig in opposite pairs.

Eastern redcedar generally has a shallow, fibrous root system, though roots of mature eastern redcedar trees may penetrate 25 feet (7.6 m) and lateral roots may reach 20 feet (6 m). Eastern redcedar seedlings have penetrating taproots and may later develop a lateral taproot system. The deep, early taproot is usually replaced by an extensive, shallow root system with age. Even 1st year seedlings begin developing a long fibrous root system, often at the expense of top growth. The root system may be deep where soil permits, but on shallow and rocky soils eastern redcedar roots are very fibrous and tend to spread widely. The development of a lateral taproot with age may also enable eastern redcedar to persist on outcrops and shallow soils.

Eastern redcedar seeds are borne in small, fleshy, berrylike cones , with 1 to 4 seeds per cone. Eastern redcedar cones or fruits range from 0.12 to 0.33 inch (3-8 mm) long, with most 0.14 to 0.22 inch (3.5-5.5 mm) long . Within this range, J.v. var. silicicola generally has smaller cone sizes than J.v. var. virginiana . Seeds are 0.08-0.16 inch (2-4 mm) long

Wildlife: Red cedar and other junipers are important
to wildlife throughout the country. Their twigs and
foliage are eaten extensively by hoofed browsers, but
the chief attraction to wildlife is the bluish-black
berry-like fruit. The cedar waxwing is one of the
principal users of red cedar berries, but numerous
other birds and mammals, both large and small, make
these fruits an important part of their diet. In addition
to their wildlife food value, cedars provide important
protective and nesting cover. Chipping sparrows,
robins, song sparrows, and mockingbirds use these
trees as one of their favorite nesting sites. Juncos,
myrtle warblers, sparrows of various kinds, and other
birds use the dense foliage as roosting cover. In
winter, their dense protective shelter is especially
valuable.

Dendrochronology
Trees over 500 years old have been found in the Kansas-Oklahoma-Texas area in the course of the Ancient Cross Timbers Project (1999), which has performed ecological, historical/archeological and climatic studies using this species and (primarily) the post oak, Quercus stellata.
Ethnobotany
Its wood contains an oil that deters moths and is often used to line chests. The wood has also been used for making wooden pencils.

The Black Walnut is a dependable producer of extra large crops for many years. The nuts are large and plump and crack out of the shell easily. The roots of the black walnut produce a substance known as juglone (5-hydroxy-alpha-napthaquinone). This biochemical is toxic to many plants such as the tomato, potato, black and blue berries, and other plants that may grow within a 50 to 60 foot radius of the trunk. Not all plants are sensitive to juglone and many trees, vines, shrubs, and flowers will thrive in close proximity to a black walnut tree.