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The Latin name "catharticum," which means "purifying" or "cleansing."
English: Fairy Flax, Dwarf Flax, Mill Mountain, Purging Flax, Mountain Flax
German: Purgier-Lein, Purgier-Flachs, Wiesenflachs
Italian: Lino purgativo
Spanish: Lino catartico
French: Lin purgatif
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Geraniales; Linaceae - Flax Family
Description of the substance
Purging flax is an European annual, a small delicate plant with flowers in a very loose, remote arrangement, each having a slender stalk often much longer than the flower. Leaves narrow, lanceolate, in opposite pairs, 1-veined. 5 petals, 5 stamens. Flowers are up to 6 mm across, are of white color with yellow center, and comprise of five white petals that are not notched. The flowers are borne on long, slender stalks that are nodding in bud. The fruit is a round capsule. The plant is hairless.
Mountain Flax is found only in the wild, frequently on grassy slopes. It favours a range of grassy habitats, both wet and dry, but almost always on calcareous soils.It grows throughout central and southern Europe, Iran, and northern Africa.