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lycopus virginicus L.
From Gr.: Lico, Lykos, wolf; povs, pous, foot;
The entire herb, gathered during the flowering period.
N.O. Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Lamiidae / Tubiflorae; Lamiales; Labiatae / Lamiaceae - Mint Family (Wichman Natural Relationships)
Proved by Chandler in 1865, and by Morrison. According to Mezger the results of the latter are not reliable because Morrison suffered of heart troubles.
Description of the substance
Habitat and range: Bugleweed is a native herb frequenting wet, shady places from Canada to Florida, Missouri, and Nebraska.
This plant is common in shady and moist places, especially northward. It is to be distinguished from eupatorium teucrifolium, also called water horehound. The whole plant has a faint balsamic odor, and a pleasant, slightly bitter taste, yielding its properties to warm water and diluted alcohol. (7)
Description: This herb has long, threadlike runners and a bluntly 4-angled, smooth, slender, erect stem from 6 inches to 2 feet in height. The leaves are about 2 inches in length, pointed, rather narrow, and dark green or of a purplish tinge. The whitish flowers, which appear from about July to September, are small, tubular, and bell-shaped, and are produced in dense clusters in the axils of the leaves. They are followed by four nutlets. The plant has a rather pleasant, mintlike odor, but a disagreeable bitter taste. (6)
Though a Labiate, it does not actually belong to the same genus as the British Bugles, but has certain points in common. From the perennial, creeping root, the quadrangular, smooth stem rises to a height of from 6 to 24 inches, bearing pairs of opposite leaves on short stalks, those on the upper part being toothed and lance-shaped, the lower ones wedge-shaped and with entire margins. The leaves are destitute of hairs and gland-dotted beneath. The flowers are in clusters in the axils of the leaves; the calyx has four broad, blunt teeth and the corolla is four-lobed, purplish in colour, with only two fertile stamens.