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Winter clover, Twin-berry, One-Berry, Hive Vine
Tincture of whole plant.
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Cornidae; Gentianales; Rubiaceae - Coffee Family
Introduced and proved by Duncan: U.S. Med. and Surg. Jour. I, 1252;
Description of the substance
Height: under 6 in. (15 cm)
Spacing: 15-18 in. (38-45 cm)
Hardy from USDA Zone 4 to USDA Zone 9
Light requirements: Partial to Full Shade
Moisture Requirements: Requires consistently moist soil; do not let dry out between waterings
Blooming Time: Early
Bloom Color: White - / red berries in fall
Grown for foliage
Flowers and fruit are rare on this plant. A large area of ground may be covered by the plant and only a few flowers and berrys will be found. The small berry is eaten by wildlife, presumably partridges in Europe and ruffed grouse in this country, and is reported to be eatable, though tastless to humans. So few are produced that one could scarcely get a taste.
Flowers and Foliage:
This plant variety is an evergreen, ie it does not loose its leaves. The flowers are classified as hermaphrodite. There have been no direct recordings of this plant providing food, shelter etc for native wildlife. The following areas are considered to be this plants natural range: N. America - Newfoundland to Florida, west to Texas and Minnesota..
Landscaping and Planting:
This plant variety generally cannot be successfully grown in areas where the soil quality is of a poor standard, ie lacking in sufficient nutrients. This plant variety does not tolerate heavy clay soils. It is best suited grown in a light to a medium soil mixture. For optimal results it is preferable to plant in a well drained soil. As far as hardiness goes, this variety is fairly reliable. This variety prefers a semi shade to full sun position. It is preferable to plant this variety in a moist position.
Requires a moist but well-drained lime-free soil and some shade. Prefers a peaty soil[1, 200], succeeding in neutral to acid soils. Plants are hardy to at least -20°c. A trailing plant, the stems forming new roots at the nodes. The dried leaves have a scent of newly mown hay. The flowers have a pleasant sweet fragrance. Succeeds in the shade of trees[1, 11], growing well in a woodland and in the rock garden[1, 200]. Plants can be difficult to establish, though they can become invasive once they are well established.
Seed - it germinates better if given 3 months cold stratification and so it is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn. Sow stored seed as early in the year as possible. Make sure that all the fruit pulp is removed from the seed because it contains germination inhibitors. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Division of naturally layered stems in the spring. Cuttings.