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Saponins, mucilage. Largely unknown. Unspecified alkaloids, glycosides, tannins and mucilages have been reported.
Partridge berry was commonly used by several native North American Indian tribes as a parturient to hasten childbirth. It was also occasionally used to treat a variety of other complaints including insomnia, rheumatic pain and fluid retention. It is still used in modern herbalism as an aid to childbirth and is also considered to have a tonic effect upon the uterus and the ovaries. The herb is astringent, diuretic, hypnotic and tonic[4, 21, 102, 165, 192, 213]. Frequent doses of a tea made from the fresh or dried leaves were used by N. American Indian women in the weeks preceding childbirth in order to promote easy delivery[213, 222, 238]. This tea should not be used during the first six months of labour, however, since it can induce a miscarriage. The tea is also used to treat delayed, painful or irregular menses[222, 238]. The tea was also used externally as a wash for hives, swellings, sore nipples, rheumatism etc. The leaves are harvested in the summer and dried for later use. A tea made from the berries has a very definite sedating effect on the nervous system.
Parturient, emmenagogue, diuretic, astringent, tonic, alterative.Partridge Berry is among the best remedies for preparing the uterus and whole body for child birth. Take for some weeks before the child is due, thus ensuring a safe and wonderful birth for both of you. Used also for the relief of painful periods. As an astringent it has been used in the treatment of colitis, especially if there is much mucus. Useful for all forms of nervous feebleness and irritability of a chronic character. Exerts a highly favorable influence over spermatorrhea, especially in combination with the flowers of Althea, Celastrus, and Uva ursi. On the mucous membranes it exerts a mild tonic influence, which slowly abates excessive mucous discharges, and has led most herbalists to pronounce it an astringent; but this action is wholly tonic, and may be used for catarrhal and leucorrheal discharges, as well as for chronic dysentery.Combinations : As parturient to prepare for childbirth it may be used with Raspberry Leaves. For dysmenorrhoea it could be combined with Cramp Bark and Pasque Flower.