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myrtus communis L.
The name was taken from the Greek word meaning "perfume." Its Hebrew name means "sweetness."
fresh flowering shoots and leaves
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Myrtales; Myrtaceae - Eucalyptus Family
Description of the substance
It is a dense evergreen shrub with downy shoots and wide, pointed, glabrous, dark lustrous green leaves, transparently dotted. The aromatic, finely textured, deep green glossy leaves contrast with the fragrant white flowers, 3 ins. across. The berries are purplish-black. It is best grown against a south-facing wall. 10-15 ft.
It thrives on poor soils mostly in the mediterrane area, needs little or no water. It is tolerant to draught, excess watering makes it chlorotic.
It loves heat, withstands sea breezes and tolerates a wide range of soils. The shrub will grow about 2 ft tall or more if left untrimmed.
Hydrocarbons: a-pinene, b-pinene, camphene, dipentene, (monoterpenes) - b carophyllene, hunulene (sesquiterpenes) - Alcohol: geraniol, linalol, myrtenol, nerol (monoterpenols) - Aldehyde: myrtenal, butanal, furfural - Oxides: 1,8 cineole (45%) - Esters: terpenyl acetate, linalyl acetate - Lactones
Myrtle is sometimes called Corsican pepper.
Be sure not to confuse Myrtle with Iris, which is sometimes called 'myrtle flower' or with calamus which is also known as 'myrtle grass' or 'sweet myrtle'.
The myrtle grows in tropical and subtropical climes, often being cultivated. It is thought to be a native of the southeastern portion of Italy, and now grows abundantly throughout the borders of the Mediterranean. Florists consider five varieties of this species.
This is a dense aromatic evergreen shrub between 1 and 3 metres tall. The bark is reddish, and creamy white, sweet-scented flowers appear from May to August. Edible blue-black berries develop in the summer.
A member of the garigue or maquis growing along the edge of water channels and on dunes by the sea with juniper from sea-level to 5,000 ft. Grows all over Cyprus and is locally common on the Troodos and Kyrenia ranges.
Form: dense rounded shrub, with age a small tree
Size: 5-8ft, spread 4-6ft; as a tree 15ft with equal spread
Leaves: dark green, lancelate or oval, to 2in, aromatic, opposite; typical myrtle shape
Flowers: small (to 3/4in) white; bloom in early summer
Fruit: blueberry like berry
Stems/Trunks: attractive if exposed
Hardiness: well below 32°F
* Exposure: full sun or part shade
* Water: requires regular irrigation; once per month or more
* Soil: adaptable; best in uniform; good drainage
* Propagation: vegetative cuttings or seed
* Maintenance: minimal; may require pruning if grown in restricted area