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Nuphar luteum, Synonym. Nymphaea Lutea.Botanical: Nymphaea odorata (SOLAND)
Etymology – Nuphar comes from the Persian nufar, and Luteum come from the Latin word for yellow.
The name comes from the Persian word nufar, a reduced form of ninufar, from Sanskrit nilotpala [from nila, blue, and utpala, lotus]. (Vermeulen Synoptic 2)
The scientific name (Nuphar) has arabic or Persian origins, being based on the word naufar or nufar a name for a water lily. The species name luteum means yellow in Latin. Our particular type of yellow pond lily is also known as Nuphar polysepalum in botanical circles. (Richard Hebda, Yellow Pond Lily, (Nuphar luteum) )
Synonyms – Nuphar advena. Nymphaea lutea, umbilicalis, Nenuphar luteum – spatterdock, cow lily, yellow waterlily, dwarf water lily, brandy bottle, woccus (Nantucket tribal name.) Yellow Pond Lily. Frog Lily
Name in other languages – Gul Akande- Danish
Gyl nykkareos- Norwegian
Isoulpukka – Finnish
Grosse Teichrose, Gelbe Teichrose, Grosse Mummel, Nixenblume – German
Nenufar jaune – French
Grazel zloty- Polish
Gele plomp- Dutch
Ninfea gialla – Italian
Nenufar – Spanish
Bileag-bhaite, Bioras, Cuirinnean – Gaelic
English: European Yellow Pond lily, French: Numphar jaune; German; Gelbe Wasserlilie.
Small Yellow Pond Lily, Water-Lily, Frog Lily
Part used.: Rhizome.
Preparation. Tincture from the fresh root
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Polycarpicae (Magnoliidae); Nymphaeales; Nymphaeaceae - Water Lily Family
History and authority: Introduced by Pitet, Journ de lamsoe Gal, 3, 129 in 1852; Allen: Encyclop. Mat. Med. Vol. VII, 59, Hering: Guiding Symptoms, Vol. VIII, 78. (Pharmacopea)
Description of the substance
Description: An aquatic plant with stout root stock creeping in the mud. Submerged leaves very thin and roundish; floating leaves oval, generally with narrow or closed sinus; petiole triangular. Flowers yellow, about 6 cm across, somewhat fragrant; sepals 5, nearly equal; petals numerous, longer than sepals and dilated upwards; stigmas 10 to 30 rayed with entire margin. Fruit globular, with a short narrow neck.
Part used.: Rhizome.
Distribution: Europe and temperate Asia.
Synonym. Nymphaea Lutea. Common name. Small Yellow Pond Lily. Habitat. Native of Europe, also found near Philadelphia. Preparation. Tincture from the fresh root.
alternate description from A Modern Herbal:---
Description---Perennial aquatic herb, grows to the surface of the water from a thick horizontal root-stock, stem absent, flowers growing on long peduncles and the leaves on separate petioles. Stipules deltoid or nearly reniform, emarginate; leaves always floating orbicular, smooth, and shining, dark green above, wine-colour beneath. Flowers large white, showy and fragrant, often 6 inches in diameter; sepals four elliptical scaphoid, nearly free; petals numerous; stamens indefinite; ovary large globular, depressed, eighteen to twenty-four-celled. Fruit a depressed globular, fleshy body; seeds oblong, stipulate. The flowers open as the sun rises, after a few hours gradually closing, being entirely closed during the midday heat and at night.