Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Ocimum canum

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ocimum canum

Etymology

Etymology – Basil comes from Middle English, a version of the Old French, basile; this comes from the Latin, basilium, and this comes from the Greek, royal, or a king.
Ocinum comes from the Greek, to smell.

Family

Traditional name

Other names. Ocimum incanescens, americanum, I. Fluminense {Basilicum album}

Used parts

Tincture of the leaves.

Classification

Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Lamiidae / Tubiflorae; Lamiales; Labiatae / Lamiaceae - Mint Family

Keywords

mint-like

Original proving

Introduced and proved by Mure,Brazil.

Description of the substance

Description:

A herb, Stem and branches subquadrangular, younger ones pubescent. Leaves 2.5 to 3.0 cm by 1 to 1.5 cm elliptical lanceolate, acute at both ends, gland dotted, glabrous or nearly so with its margins entire or shallowly serrate, petioles 1.3 to 2.5 cm long, slender, hairy. Flowers about six in a close whorl in spiciforn racemes, 7.5 to 20 cm long, white, pubescent, calyx 3 mm long; corolla 4 mm long, 2.5 to 3 mm broad, white, upper lip oblong, obtuse, 1.25 mm broad with 4 lanceolate, subulate teeth of which the central two are longer than the laterals; stamens much exerted with slender filament, the upper two having a tooth at the base; style exerted beyond the filaments. Pedicel short. Fruit a nutlet, 1.25 mm long, black.
    
Part used:

Leaf
     
Microscopical:

Dorsiventral. Stomata and hairs absent on upper epidermis, but present on lower epidermis. Upper epidermal cells bigger than lower epidermal cells. Palisade 2 - 4 - cells - wide, followed by isodiametric parenchymatous cells. In mid - rib C shaped stele is present which is conjoint, collateral, open with its convexo - dorsal surface towards the lower epidermis and encircled by sclerenchyma patches; cambium 2 to 3 layered with phloem towards dorsal side; numerous aggregates of microcrystals present in parenchymatous tissue. Laticiferous ducts also present below palisade tissue. Lateral vein bundles surrounded by parenchymatous sheath and cambium is absent. Stomata paracytic, stomatal index 88.76 to 91.68; vein islets number 10 to 13 per sq mm; palisade ratio 4.25 to 6.00
     
Distribution:

India, Sri Lanka, Java, West Asia, Tropical Africa, Madagascar. Cultivated in America.