Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Pernus canaliculus

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References
1.    R. Gibson, S. Gibson et al. Perna canaliculus in the treatment of arthritis. Practitioner 224: 955; 1980.
2.    E.Huskisson, J. Scott, R. Bryans, Seatone is ineffective in rheumatoid arthritis. British Medical Journal 282: 1358; 1981.
3.    D. Caughey, R. Grigor and et al. Perna canaliculus in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Eur. J. Rheumatol. Inflam. 6:2; 197, 1983.
4.    J. Larkin, H. Capell and R. Sturrock. Seatone in rheumatoid arthritis: a six month placebo Controlled Study. Ann. Rheum. Dis. 44: 3; 199, 1985.
5.    G. Halpern. Antiinflammatory effects of a stabilized lipid extract of perna canaliculus (Lyprinol). Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients 202: 109, 2000.
6.    S. Gibson and R. Gibson. The treatment of arthritis with a lipid extract of perna canaliculus: a randomized trial. Compl. Ther. Med. 6: 122-126, 1998.
7.    M. Whitehouse, T. Macrides, et al. Antiinflammatory activity of a lipid fraction (Lyprinol) from the N Z green lipped mussel. Inflam. Pharmacol. 5: 237 -248; 1997.

http://www.chiroweb.com/archives/18/23/01.html
http://greenmussel.ifas.ufl.edu/gm-otherPerna.html
http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?cls=0&cat=1448&articleid=1557

References and Further Reading
Halpern, G. Antiinflammatory effects of a stabilized lipid extract of perna canaliculus (Lyprinol). Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients. 2000; 202:109.
Kendall, R.V.; Lawson, J.W.; Hurley, L.A. New research and a clinical report on the use of perna canaliculus in the management of arthritis. Townsend letter for Doctors & Patients. 2000; 204:99-111.
Gibson, L.S.M.; Gibson, R.G. The treatment of arthritis with a lipid extract of perna canaliculus: a randomized trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. 1998; 122-126.

http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjmfr/2001/6.pdf
http://www.fao.org/figis/servlet/static?dom=culturespecies&xml=Perna_canaliculus.xml#tcNF0017

Bibliography

Dawber, C. 2004. Lines in the water: a history of Greenshell mussel farming in New Zealand. New Zealand Marine Farming Association, Blenheim, New Zealand. 320pp.
Diggles, B.K., Hine, P.M., Handley, S., & Boustead, N.C. 2002. A handbook of diseases of importance to aquaculture in New Zealand. NIWA Science and Technology Series No. 49. NIWA, Wellington New Zealand. 200 pp.
Gmelin, J.F. 1791. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae. Editio decima tertia, aucta, reformata. Leipzig, 1(6):3363.
Jeffs, A.G., Holland, R.C., Hooker, S.H. & Hayden, B.J. 1999. Overview and bibliography of research on the Greenshell mussel, Perna canaliculus, from New Zealand waters. Journal of Shellfish Research 18(2):347-360.
Jenkins, R.J. 1979. Mussel Cultivation in the Marlborough Sounds. New Zealand Fishing Industry Board, Wellington, New Zealand, 77 pp.
Johnson, D. & Howarth, J. 2004. Hooked: A History of the New Zealand Fishing Industry. Hazard Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. 580 pp.
Jones, J.B., Scotti, P.D., Dearing, S.C. & Wesney, B. 1996. Virus-like particles associated with marine mussel mortalities in New Zealand. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 25:143-149.
Kaspar, H.F., Gillespie, P.A., Boyer, I.C. & Mackenzie L.M. 1985. Effects of mussel aquaculture on the nitrogen cycle and benthic communities in Kenepuru Sound, Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand. Marine Biology 85:127-136.
Morris, L. 2003. Mussel bound. New research is changing the face of the mussel industry. Seafood New Zealand 11(7):14-17.
Morton, J. & Miller, M. 1968. The New Zealand Sea Shore. Collins, London & Auckland. 653 pp.
New Zealand Aquaculture Council, 2001. Vision 2020. New Zealand Aquaculture Council, Blenheim, New Zealand, 14 pp.
New Zealand Food Safety Authority, 2004. Marine Biotoxin Status for Commercial Shellfish Growing Areas in New Zealand.
New Zealand Mussel Industry Council, 2001. Greenshell.com. New Zealand Mussel Industry Council Ltd., Blenheim, New Zealand (http://www.greenshell.com).
New Zealand Mussel Industry Council, 2004. New Zealand Mussel Industry Environmental Code of Practice. Blenheim New Zealand, New Zealand Mussel Industry Council Ltd., 92 pp.
Powell, A.W.B. 1979. New Zealand Mollusca. Collins, Auckland, Sydney & London. 500 pp.
Strutt, I. 2004. Mussels on line New Zealand-style. Seafood International 19(3):35-41

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=8317309&dopt=Abstract

http://www.vitacost.com/science/hn/Supp/Green_Lipped_Mussel.htm

References
1. Gursel T, Firat S, Ercan ZS. Increased serum leukotriene B4 level in the active stage of rheumatoid arthritis in children. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 1997;56:205-7.
2. Henderson WR Jr. The role of leukotrienes in inflammation. Ann Intern Med 1994;121:684-97.
3. Larkin JG, Capell HA, Sturrock RD. Seatone in rheumatoid arthritis: a six-month placebo-controlled study. Ann Rheum Dis 1985;44:199-201.
4. Highton TC, McArthur AW. Pilot study on the effect of New Zealand Green Mussel on rheumatoid arthritis. N Z Med J 1975;81:261-2.
5. Gibson RG, Gibson SL, Conway V, et al. Perna canaliculus in the treatment of arthritis. Practitioner 1980;224:955-60.
6. Audeval B, Bouchacourt P. Etude controle en double aveugle contra placebo de l'extrait de moule Perna canaliculus dans les gonarthrose. Gaz Med Fr 1986;38:111-6.
7. Caughey DE, Grigor RR, Caughey EB, et al. Perna canaliculus in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Eur J Rheumatol Inflamm 1983;6:197-200.
8. Gibson SLM, Gibson RG. The treatment of arthritis with a lipid extract of Perna canaliculus: a randomized trial. Comp Ther Med 1998;6:122-6.
9. Gibson RG, Gibson SL. Green-lipped mussel extract in arthritis. Lancet 1981;1:439 [letter].
10. Whitehouse MW, Marcides TA, Kalafatis N, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of a lipid fraction (lyprinol) from the NZ green lipped muscle. Inflam Pharmacol 1997:5:237-46.
11. Rainsford KD, Whitehouse MW. Gastroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties of green-lipped mussel preparation. Arzneimittelforschung 1980;30:2128-32.
12. Emelyanov A, Fedoseev G, Krasnoschekova O, et al. Treatment of asthma with lipid extract of New Zealand green-lipped mussel: a randomised clinical trial. Eur Respir J 2002;20:596-600.
13. Brooks PM. Side effects from Seatone. Med J Aust 1980;2:158 [letter].
14. Gibson SLM, Gibson RG. The treatment of arthritis with a lipid extract of Perna canaliculus: a randomized trial. Comp Ther Med 1998;6:122-6.
15. Brooks PM. Side effects from Seatone. Med J Aust 1980;2:158 [letter].

http://www.pir.sa.gov.au/pages/sus_res/mar_hab/images/greenlip.jpg
http://images.google.it/imgres?imgurl=http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/2001new/images/import/large/ZB06.jpg&imgrefurl=http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/2001new/importpic.asp%3Fid%3DZB06&h=289&w=400&sz=14&tbnid=jNXsCNYzXATpyM:&tbnh=86&tbnw=120&hl=it&start=52&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dperna%2Bcanaliculus%2B%26start%3D40%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Dit%26lr%3Dlang_it%26sa%3DN