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pimpinella saxifraga L.
Pimpinella is a corruption of bipennula, from the two pinnate leaves
Bibernell Almindelig Pimpinelle
Kleine Bibernelle / Stein-Bibernelle
Ahopukinjuuri / Pukinjuuri
Syn.: Tragoselinum saxifraga, minus, Pimpinella minor, Selinum pimpinella
English: Burnt Saxifraga, Salad Burnet
( Pimpinella alba is a combining term for Pimpinella saxifraga and Pimpinella magna which is of same use)
The mother tincture is prepared from the fresh root, gathered in May
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Rosiflorae / Rosidae; Apiales; Umbelliferae / Apiaceae - Carrot / Celery Family;Genus;Pimpinella;Species;saxifraga
The majority of the symptoms of Pimpinella were obtained by Shelling from chewing the fresh root. The rest were contributed by Berridge, who proved the 1x on a man.
Description of the substance
The Lesser or Salad Burnet is not unlike the Great Burnet in habit, but it is much smaller and more slender. It was known by older writers as Pimpinella sanguisorba, Pimpinella being a corruption of bipennula, from the two pinnate leaves. Pimpinella is now reserved for the name of a genus belonging to the order Umbelliferae, and the Salad Burnet is assigned to the genus Poterium, which name is derived from the Greek poterion, a drinking-cup, from the use to which the leaves of the Salad Burnet were applied in the preparation of the numerous beverages with which the poterion was filled in ancient times. The leaves when bruised smell like cucumber and taste somewhat like it, and it was used to cool tankards in the same manner as Borage, and was also added to salads and cups. Hooker places both the Great Burnet and the Salad or Lesser Burnet in the same genus, Poterium, rejecting the generic name of Sanguisorba, assigned to the former by Linnaeus.
Its leaflets are more numerous, five to ten pairs, and shorter than thoseof the Great Burnet. The flowers in each head bear crimson tufted stigmas, the lower ones thirty to forty stamens, with very long, drooping filaments. Both the flower and leafstalks are a deep-crimson colour. Turner (Newe Herball, 1551), in his description of the plant, tells us that 'it has two little leives like unto the wings of birdes, standing out as the bird setteth her wings out when she intendeth to flye. Ye Dutchmen call it Hergottes berdlen, that is God's little berde, because of the colour that it hath in the topp.' The great Burnet and the Salad Burnet both flower in June and July. The Salad Burnet forms much of the turf on some of the chalk downs in the southern counties. It is extremely nutritious to sheep and cattle, and was formerly extensively cultivated as a fodder plant on calcareous soils but is now little grown in that way. Cattle do not seem to like it as well as clover when full grown, but when kept closely cropped sheep are fond of it. It has the advantage of keeping green all the winter in dry barren pastures, affording food for sheep when other green crops are scarce. The results of cultivation have, however, not been very satisfactory, except on poor soil, although it contains a larger amount of nutritive matter than many grasses. In the herb gardens of older days, Salad Burnet always had its place. Bacon recommends it to be set in alleys together with wild thyme and water mint, 'to perfume the air most delightfully, being trodden on and crushed.'
It is easily propagated by seeds, sown in autumn, soon after they are ripe. If the seeds be permitted to scatter, the plants will come up plentifully, and can be transplanted into an ordinary or rather poor soil, at about a foot distant each way. If kept clear from weeds, they will continue some years without further care, especially if the soil be dry. Propagation may also be effected by division of roots in spring or autumn. When used for salad, the flower-stalks should be cut down if not required for seed. The leaves, for salad use, should be cut young, or may be tough.
Flowers and Foliage:
· The flowers are classified as hermaphrodite.
· Bees are responsible for pollinating this variety.
· This species is generally considered frost tolerant.
· There have been no direct recordings of this plant providing food, shelter etc for native wildlife.
· The following areas are considered to be this plants natural range: Britain..
Landscaping and Planting:
· This plant variety generally cannot be successfully grown in areas where the soil quality is of a poor standard, ie lacking in sufficient nutrients.
· This plant variety does not tolerate heavy clay soils.
· This variety can be grown in anything from a light to a heavy soil mixture.
· For optimal results it is preferable to plant in a well drained soil.
· As far as hardiness goes, this variety is fairly reliable.
· This variety prefers a semi shade to full sun position.
· It is preferable to plant this variety in a dry to moist position.