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Prunus Spinosa comes in liquid concentrate form for the temporary relief of fatigue, lassitude, sadness and indifference
A Remedy For
Both the fruit and the flower of Blackthorn are used medicinally, but only the fruit is considered unquestionably effective--and only for inflammations of the mouth and throat. In folk medicine, Blackthorn is used as a laxative and a remedy for cramps, bloating, indigestion, and diarrhea. Homeopathic practitioners use it for nerve pain, urinary problems, weak heart, and nervous headaches.
form the anthroposofic med. soc. new zeland:
Hayfever, sinus relief
A remedy for hayfever and mild sinusitis where there is clear watery nasal discharge.
Astringent: Very useful to stop the diarrhea. Its action is due to the influence of pectin and rutin that also exercise a relaxing effect in the stomach inflammations. (Decoction of the fruits. Drink the desired quantity). Enemas are very soothing for rectum inflammations. They can be carried out with the decoction for 9 minutes of about 12 gr. of dry bark for each glass of water. .
Laxative: An infusion carried out with the flowers during 8 minutes has an lightly laxative effect.
Menopause: An infusion of half a spoonful of dry flowers for every glass of water during 3 minutes is useful in the dysfunctions taken place during the menopause. Troubles at this time can be either physical or psychic. In the first group we could include suffocations, throbbing, shivers, skin reddening or general disorders; in the second group low spirit, insomnia or general lack of interest.
Depurative: The flowers, rich in rutin and quercitin, are blood depurative, being very appropriate for the treatment of the rheumatic illnesses and they also help to prevent the formation of tumours. (Consults the antitumoral powers of many of their components) they help to eliminate the excess of liquids so they are diuretic and particularly suitable in the treatments against the obesity and to calm the inflammations of the urinary tracts,being very useful in the pain of nephrocolics or bile stones . (Infusion of a spoonful of flowers in a glass of water during 10 minutes)
Skin: Also against the illnesses of the skin, as pimples, acne, or any kind of dermatosis it is useful to take a couple of daily cups with the decoction during 10 minutes of 1 couple of spoonfuls of flowers in half a liter of water.
Antidiabetic: The decoctions of leaves and bark constitute a good remedy against the excess of sugar in the blood.
Blackthorn leaves were dried and mixed with tea leaves in what became known as Chinese tea.
Despite their sour taste the sloe is made into a paste is excellent for whitening the teeth and removing tartar
Pacharan : The fruits of the blackthorn constitute the base for the elaboration of pacharan , an alcoholic drink that gets ready macerating the fruits in ethylic alcohol. To this mixture anisette and sugar is added to increase fragrance and to counteract the roughness of the fruits. In the home-made preparations other vegetable elements can also be added to attain a final personal touch. Taken with moderation, it is invigorating for the stomach, although it is not very suitable to abuse from such an alcoholic preparation
Marmalade:Its fruits are also used to make marmalades. It is necessary to add enough sugar to make it pleasant.
Wood :Its wood is very strong and very resistant to the humidity . Traditionally it has been used by peasants for making clubs or shepherd's crooks, even for the elaboration of rakes.
A useful little tree!
by Ron Freethy, Nature Watch editor
IN the springtime hedgerows of England there grows two small trees which bear white blossom.
One is the hawthorn which is also known as the white thorn and which has a white blossom. This appears after the leaves. Hawthorn blossom appears in May.
In contrast the blackthorn appears April and into May before the leaves. The white blossom stands out against the black thorny branches. The hard shiny timber was once used to make walking sticks and its knotted branches were used in Ireland to make shillelaghs which were (and are) very dangerous weapons. The scientific name for the plant is Prunus spinosa.
Prunus tells us that it is a member of the plum family and spinosa means that it is spiny.
In the days when tea was more expensive than it is today some cheats in search of a quick profit used to mix blackthorn leaves with those of the tea. In the days before we had chemists shops blackthorn leaves were brewed up to produce a liquid which was said to be good for the blood. It does not taste so bad but I very much doubt if it did much good.
Blackthorn spreads not only through the distribution of the plum-like fruit which contains a seed inside a stone but also by putting out underground suckers.
This can soon produce a large thicket which means that the blackthorn is ideal for planting in hedges. Hedges were important to keep farm animals enclosed before barbed wire was invented.
The fruits, which are of a deep purple colour sometimes look as if they have been dusted with white powder. They are called sloes and inside is a fertile seed protected inside a hard stone.
They are far too sour for us to eat, but from the time they are ripe in September birds and small mammals eat them. Sloes are, however, used to make a drink called sloe-gin.
Long ago the dark juice was squeezed out of the fruit and sold under the name of German Acacia. In the days before we all had washing machines people used to send their clothes to a laundry.
They used to mark their clothes with a number written in German Acacia. This did not run but it did not wash out either.
The bark of the tree was used to make ink. There was a huge demand for bottles of ink for use at home, offices and in schools. The demand was reduced when the ball point pen was invented. The inventor's name was Mr Biro!
We should all enjoy the beauty of our countryside, but we should not forget the uses once made of it by our ancestors. Sloe gin, laundry marks, ink and the shillelagh were all important uses and I love the old name for the latter. It was called the Irish tranquilliser!
Nome comune (pruno selvatico o prugnolo).
Francese: prunellier, Epine noire.
Inglese: Blackthorn (pruno nero).
Parte utilizzata : fiori e frutti.
- glicosodi della quercetina e del kaempferolo
- glicosidi dell'acido cianidrico (amigdalina): se presenti solo nel fiore fresco
- cumarine (2 principi ipotensivi)
- tannini, pectine, vitamina C
- diuretica e lassativa
- astringente e antiinfiammatoria (frutti)
- blando lassativo
- dermatosi (fiori)
- flogosi mucose e orofaringee
diuretici e lassativi
Presenti nella farmacopea svizzera nelle "Species Depurativae".
Usati nella medicina popolare come blandi lassativi e diuretici, si consiglia di farne una tisana lasciarla irposare e poi consumarla in giornata
Frutti e corteccia:
fanno parte della categoria della "frutta acidula" per la ricchezza di acidi organici (ac.malico), questi acidi oltre al sapore caratteristico ne favoriscono la conservazione.
sono acidi deboli che una volta assorbiti dall'organismo si degradano facilmente e si degradano sotto l'azione dell'ossigeno producendo acido carbonico, quindi aumentano la "riserva alcalina" difesa dell'organismo contro l'acidificazione