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The name of the genus "Psilocybe" comes from the Greek words "psilos" (bare) and "kube" (head), warped into New Latin to form "psilocybe". Literally translated, this means "bare head", most likely referring to their appearance.
Fleisch der Götter - Flesh of the Gods
Syn.: Psilocybe caerulescens, mexicana: Teonanácatl
Stropharia cubensis (syn);
P. semilanceata (syn);
P. cyanescens (syn).
Psilocybe mushroom, liberty cap, magic mushroom.
Fungi; Basidiomycetes; Homobasidiomycetidae; Agaricales (important lamellar fungi)
Proved by David Flores Toledo in 1968; according to Julian three provers [2 women, 1 man] were involved, whereas Flores Toledo mentions the participation of 43 "experimenters"
Description of the substance
PSILOCYBE CAERULESCENS (mexicana)
The CAP of this species measures from 1 inch to over 3 inches wide and is cone-shaped when young, gradually expanding to the traditional convex-to-flat shape of the mature specimen. The margin will exhibit a curve. The surface of the cap is smooth and sticky, particularly in the young specimen. This species is translucent when moist and the dark lines of the gills will be obvious at these times. In mature specimens the margin of the cap will be either lighter or darker than the center of the cap appearing as a ring. In young specimens the color will be a deep green to black that will fade with age. The separation of the center and the opposite colored margin of the cap is irregularly shaped. In mature specimens the faded color may be from a cinnamon to rust but often times it will retain the faded olive-green color.
The GILLS will be closely spaced, wide and light-cinnamon to light-brown color and will become dark brown to black with age. The edges of the gills will be a lighter color.
The STEM of this species will range from 1.5 inches to 4 inches tall and will be up to 1/2 inch thick depending on the size of the specimen. It is usually very even, hollow and smooth and the top with thick fibrous hairs balling up the rest of the way to the even base of the stem. The veil usually falls away very early in the life of the mushroom and the stem is fibrous and tough.
The FLESH of this species is off-white to yellowish occasionally with tints of light brown in the cap. It has a strong grain-like odor and turns blue, particularly after being handled.
This species occurs on the banks of streams and rivers and has been located thoughout the entire southern U.S.
-=- TAKING THE MUSHROOM -=-
The psilocybin can be extracted by drying the specimens collected and grinding them into a powder. They are then soaked in methyl alcohol for several days. THe alcohol is then strained off and evaporated in a shallow dish. The residue should be scraped up and stored at a cool temperature. It can be further refined by repeating the same process with the residue obtained from the first process. Pentane, a more specialized solvent, is used for the refining process. Before ingesting this extraction, be sure that all of the solvent has been evaporated off and pay close attention to the potentcy.
I prefer to consume the cap (without preparation) as an organic creation. The mushroom produces a very comfortable high with extreme dilation of the pupils. Strong light should be avoided. The dried caps are better than the so-called 'organic' pills. The experience ranges from a grass-like high with similar physical feelings to strange electric pulsations and stong to mild body rushes. At its best (with a large enough dosage) intense hallucinations will be experienced. The color photographs in this book were taken on a cloudy day near New Orleans. The species have been collected everywhere, from northern California to souther Florida. With the climatic conditions described above, you can be sure the Ps. cubensis will be located in quantity following a rainy day. The others will be there as well. They grow everywhere.
4 to 6 mushrooms. The active alkaloids are psilocybin and psilocin. Each dry gram of mushroom will contain about 2mg of the desired alkaloids. The stem will contain the same amount of the drug as the cap. The Indians of Mexico regularly eat 30 to 40 of the Ps. cubensis (or in Mexico, also the Ps. Mexicana), per ceremony. They extinguish all of the lights and have detailed and colorful visions until dawn. Increasing the dosage will act to intensify the experience rather than prolong it (see bibliography). No realistic figures on the concentration of the desired alkaloids can be stated as this factor varies considerably.
-=- CULTIVATION -=-
Mushrooms require a special compost. By far the most common is the manure compost manufactured from horse manure, wheat-straw and added chemicals to provide the best growing medium. It is manufactured by piling the materials
together, having soaked the wheat-straw well in water. The ingredients begin to decompose, generating their own heat up to 180 degrees Fahrenheit and killing any spores, insect or their larva and molds growing in the medium. As it heats up, the straw breaks into short pieces and the manure crumbles. The entire pile then loses its smell and takes on the odor characteristic of the woods in autumn. The compost should ball when squeezed in the hand but no excess water should be observed. It should not be compact-looking as the straw serves to aerate it besides adding valuable minerals and nutrients. Several good books are available on composting (see bibliography). And a book from our company on the culturing of the Ps. cubensis in your home for fun and profit is to be started shortly. The Ps. cubensis is extremely easy to raise and grows in large quantity. Our upcoming text will enable you to set up a perpetual compost-box that will produce many pounds a month of this species.
The prepared compost must then be inoculated with some stage of the mushroom's life-cycle. This is usually done by composting horse-manure alone that has been enriched with malt-extract sugar. When this mixture has been shredded, composted and packed loosely into a wide-mouth jars, it is inoculated with parts of a fresh cap of the variety and strain preferred by the experimenter. The mycellium will then be observed to run, growing all through the manure. When it has completely permeated the compost the bulk is removed from the jar and dried. Small chunks of this spawn (as it is called) are inserted into the compost at regular intervals. They will beging to grow, and after a number of weeks will completely dominate the prepared mushroom-bed. The bed is then covered with a 1-inch layer of sterilized soil or acceptable substitute, and watered lightly now and again. The compost MUST NOT be flooded with water. This will kill the mycellium and ruin the compost. The casing will serve to hold all of the moisture that the compost will need and prevent the excess from sinkning. The mushrooms will grow through the one-inch casing, gaining support from the top layer. The beds should be made about 12 inches deep in a container small enough to be handled easily. The traditional compost will last for 4 to 6 months with a yield of two or more pounds of mushrooms per-square-foot. Our text will outline a newly discovered and yet (commercially) unproved method for constructing a perpetual bed that will be self-regulating. Cultivation is an alternate to arrest for trespassing or a possession-of-psilocybin charge. The above is not sufficient
for successful cultivation and the reader is referred to the bibliography.