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Prepare a tincture from the Savin.
Thus prepared, the Savin is a stimulant. It may be employed in menorrhagia, and in atonic leucorrhoea, with advantage. It may also be used as a stimulant in vesical catarrh, and in diseases of the urethra. In some cases of amonorrhoea it may be. employed as a stimulant, but never in those cases presenting excitement of the circulation.
Properties and Uses: The twigs and leaves are strongly stimulating, exciting the kidneys, uterus, and skin. They are sometimes used by infusion to promote the menstrual flow; but act so powerfully, and with so much irritation both to the stomach and uterus, as to be an injudicious and even a dangerous emmenagogue. The same may be said of their action on the kidneys. The oil acts as do the leaves, but is the more irritating in proportion as it is more concentrated. It and the leaves are sometimes used as abortives; but are liable to provoke inflammation of the stomach and uterus, and to cause death, without accomplishing the criminal design. The real nature of the plant may be seen in the fact that a cerate formed with it will indefinitely keep open a sore caused by a blister of Spanish flies.
Savin has been employed in medicine since the time of the Greek physicians. Dioscorides says, "Cum vino potu sanguinem per urinas educunt et partus expellunt, id ipsum tum appesitu, tum etiam suffitu praestant."
Pliny (op. cit.) says: "Savine, the hearbe called by the Greeks Brathy. It driveth and keepeth down all swellings, impostumes; it represseth all those ulcers which be corrosive and cauterous. Made in a linament it healeth St. Anthony's fire and carbuncles. Drunke with honey and wine, it cureth the jaundice. It is said that the very fume or smoke of this hearbe will rid hens and such like pulleen of the pip." It was employed by the Arabian physicians for the same purposes as mentioned by Dioscorides.
Schrod (669) says: "In mensibus fortiter ciendis, foetu ejiciendo, urina pellendu, asthmata medendo. Extrinsecus in affectibus uterinis, ulceribus, serpentibus arcendis, scabie, praecipue capitis infantum, exsiccarda ac curanda (cum cremore lactis) in maculis faciei abstergendis. It is said to kill worms in horses, cows, dogs, as well as in children. Oleum sabinae ventri inunctum aut frondes ejus tusae et umbilico impositae vermes puerorum execant. Decoctum intro sumptum idem praestat. Verum usu ejus internum minus tutum putat Parkinsonus. It is commended also in the jaundice, dropsy, asthma, gout, fluor albus, corns; also for vermis umbilicalis. Pene infumis facta est apud nos, quod nobile sit apud vulgus. But I doubt of its being so dangerous as is commonly believed in pregnancy, though it cannot be often proper there"(Alston, Lect. on Mat. Med.)
At the present time in allopathic practice, it is chiefly employed as an ingredient in some of the emmenagogues. Pereira (op. cit.) states it to be the most certain and powerful emmenagogue of the whole Materia Medica. As a topical agent, it is frequently employed in the form of a cerate to make perpetual blisters.
'Fatal Sabina', 'Goddess of Shame' were the words of Abraham Cowley (1618-1667) concerning Juniperus Sabina, and he referred to the abuse of this plant in view of its effect on the womb and the male genitals. For this same reason Juniperus Sabina was called 'devils tree' or 'witch cypress' (magic cypress). The medicinal properties are extracted from the young shoots freshly cut or dried. They contain volatile oils, gallic acids, resin and Kalium salts. The plant stimulates the blood supply and urination. Herbal doctors used an ointment made from the leaves to heal warts and baldness. The finest Sabina scrubs are found in Greece were they grow as tall as trees and bear magnificent fruit of a deeply purple shade. Herbal doctors used an ointment made from the leaves to heal warts and baldness. The finest Sabina scrubs are found in Greece were they grow as tall as trees and bear magnificent fruit of a deeply purple shade.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.-Savin is emmenagogue, diuretic, diaphoretic, and anthelmintic. In large doses it will produce gastro-enteritis. Care must be taken in its administration, as it has, in several instances, produced fatal results. It should never be given when there is any general or local inflammation present, and it should never be used during pregnancy, on account of its tendency to cause abortion, and yet, notwithstanding this effect, it is reputed efficient in checking the tendency to abort, and to be beneficial in menorrhagia, when carefully exhibited in small doses. It is also serviceable in atonic leucorrhoea, amenorrhoea, with torpor, irritative urethral diseases, and vesical catarrh, in all cases being contraindicated by an excited circulation. The oil (Oleum Sabinae), given 2 or 3 times a day, in doses of from 10 or 15 drops on sugar, will, in most cases, cause abortion, but it is apt to violently affect the stomach and bowels at the same time, bringing life into extreme danger. It is sometimes combined with oils of tansy, pennyroyal, or hemlock, as an emmenagogue and abortivant, and given in doses of 2 to 5 drops. Sometimes the leaves of savin are combined with pink and senna and given to remove worms. Savin oil will also frequently remove them, but we have more efficient and much safer remedies for this purpose. Externally, the leaves, made into a cerate, have been used as a stimulant to indolent ulcers, and to promote a discharge from blistered parts. Mixed with an equal weight of verdigris, the powdered leaves have been used for destroying venereal warts. Dose of the powdered leaves, from 5 to 15 grains in syrup, 3 times a day; of the fluid extract, from 5 to 10 drops; of the strong tincture ( viii to alcohol, 76 per cent, Oj), from 1 to 5 drops; of the infusion, from 1/2 to 2 fluid ounces.
Specific Indications and Uses.-"Suppressed menses, with colicky pains, general fullness of veins, headache" (Watkins, Ec. Comp. of Prac. of Med.).
Diseases / use:
Should not be used by patients having gall complaints
Should not be used by patients having gastric ulcer
Should not be used by patients having weak stomach
Should not be used by patients having liver complaints
the alimentary canal can be dammaged by long time use
irritates the skin
no folk medical use
no medical use
can give complication in case of gallstone
the liver can be dammaged from long time external use
a sore throat