Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Sanguisorba minor

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J Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Oct 3;101(1-3):313-8.
Anti-ulcerogenic activity of some plants used in folk medicine of Pinarbasi (Kayseri, Turkey).
Gurbuz I, Ozkan AM, Yesilada E, Kutsal O.
Gazi University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy, Etiler 06330, Ankara.

Several ethnomedicinal plant remedies used in Pinarbasi, Kayseri, in particular those which are used for the treatment of several peptic ulcer symptoms such as stomach ache, heartburn, etc. were selected for evaluation of their anti-ulcerogenic potential. In order to confirm the claimed activities, decoctions were prepared from aerial parts of Malva neglecta Wallr. (Malvaceae), leaves of Potentilla reptans L. (Rosaceae), fruits of Rumex patientia L. (Polygonaceae), aerial parts of Sanguisorba minor Scop. ssp. muricata (Spach) Briq. (Rosaceae), aerial parts of Sideritis caesarea Duman, Aytac&Baser (Lamiaceae), and flowers of Verbascum cheiranthifolium Boiss var. cheiranthifolium (Scrophulariaceae) according to their described folkloric applications. Pharmacological experiments clearly demonstrated that the extracts of all plants given orally showed significant gastric protection against the ethanol-induced gastric ulcer model in rats. Furthermore, healing effects were also confirmed through histopathological examination.

Phytochemistry. 2003 Jun;63(4):433-6.  
Unique phenolic carboxylic acids from Sanguisorba minor.
Ayoub NA.
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

The unique phenolic carboxylic acids, 4,8-dimethoxy-7-hydroxy-2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-5,6-dicarboxylic acid and 2-(4-carboxy-3-methoxystyryl)-2-methoxysuccinic acid were isolated and identified from the whole Sanguisorba minor plant. The known phenolics, gallic acid; ellagic acid; quercetin-3-O-(6"-galloylglucose); beta-glucogallin; 2,3-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-(alpha/beta)-glucose; 1-galloyl-2,3-hexahydroxydiphenoyl-alpha-glucose together with its beta-isomer were also characterized. Structures were established by conventional methods of analysis and confirmed by NMR and ESI-MS spectral analysis.

 Phytother Res. 2000 Dec;14(8):604-7.  
Search for antiviral activity in higher plant extracts.
Abad MJ, Guerra JA, Bermejo P, Irurzun A, Carrasco L.
Departamento de Farmacologia, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

In the course of our search for plant natural products as antiviral agents, extracts of ten plants from the Iberian Peninsula were tested for antiviral activity against herpes simplex type I (HSV-1), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and poliovirus type 1. Aqueous extracts of five of these medicinal plants, namely Nepeta nepetella (150-500 microg/mL), Nepeta coerulea (150-500 microg/mL), Nepeta tuberosa (150-500 microg/mL), Dittrichia viscosa (50-125 microg/mL) and Sanguisorba minor magnolii (50-125 microg/mL), showed a clear antiviral activity against two different DNA and RNA viruses, i.e. HSV-1 and VSV. Only the medicinal plant Dittrichia viscosa was active against an additional virus, poliovirus type 1.