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The name is derived from Gr. saros, broom, and thamnos, shrub, in reference to the habit of making brooms of it. The specific name scoparius, is also derived from the Latin scopa, a brush. The fibre of the plant is used as a substitute for jute, particularly when the latter is scarce. The young buds are used as false German or Dutch capers.
Broom. Broom Tops.Besenginster
Syn.: Spartium scop., glabrum, angulosum, Saroth. vulgaris, obtusatus
Cystisus scop., Genista scoparia, glabra, hirsuta, angulata, vulgaris
Leguminosae / Fabaceae / Papilionaceae - Legume Family / Pea Family
History and authority: Boericke; Mat. Med. with Repertory, 599; Blackwood: Mat. Med. Therapeutics and Pharmacology 553.
Description of the substance
The broom is a woody shrub from three to six feet high. It is found in Central and Southern Russia; in Southern Europe its place is supplied by other species. It is found plentifully in the valley of the Rhine in Southern Germany and Silesia, but is most abundant in Great Britain and throughout the more temperate portions of Western and Northern Europe; it is occasionally found in the Middle and Southern United States. It has numerous straight ascending branches, which are sharply five - angled. Leaves tri - foliate, petiolate, leaflets obovate or elliptic - lanceolate. Towards the extremities of the branches the leaves are generally represented by one nearly sessile ovate leaflets. Leaves, when young, are reddish - hairy. Flowers pappilionaceous, bright yellow, odorous, solitary and axillary. Legume oblong, one and a half to two inches long, compressed, dark brown and fringed with hair on its edge. Seeds ten to twelve, olive - colored.