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Kings American dispensatory etc -
Properties and Uses: The herb and roots are medicinal, and come to market together. As in hydrastis, mitchella, and a score or more of other agents, the knowledge and exclusive use of it are claimed by our Eclectic neighbors; but the European species VULGARIS, under the name of groundsel, has been a very popular remedy in England for several centuries, and the American species was used by the English colonists of New England from the earliest settlements. It is of moderately slow and rather
persistent action, combining relaxation with stimulation, sharp and bitter in taste, and leaving a full tonic impression upon the stomach, nervous system, and uterus. The chief use made of it is as a nervine tonic in female weaknesses, and a mild yet reliable prompter of menstruation. For neuralgia and rheumatism of the womb, the achings and crampings incident to gestation, and mild cases of leucorrhea and prolapsus, it is of much value; also in uterine hysteria, and the feeble appetite and aching of the back suffered by so many females; possibly also acting on the kidneys. While it promotes menstruation in languid and partially atonic amenorrhea, it does so mostly by virtue of its efficient tonic action; and it is in no sense a forcing emmenagogue, but rather aids passive menorrhagia by giving tone to the uterus. Used as a warm infusion, it expedites parturition with great certainty in cases of uterine and nervous fatigue. The kidneys feel its influence moderately well, especially when they are involved with female difficulties. The lungs are strengthened by its use; and though it is extravagant to talk about its curing tubercular consumption, it is unquestionably good for old and debilitated coughs. Some physicians value it highly in sub-acute and chronic dysentery, preferring it even to hydrastis as a tonic for such difficulties. It is only by remembering its tonic and nervine qualities, that the true character of its action in these numerous cases can well be understood.
Physiological Action-Its specific influence is exercised upon the reproductive organs of the female, whether there be amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia or metrorrhagia-a disordered condition of the uterine functions-it is regulated by this agent; a general out-of-tone condition of the uterus or appendages, a relaxed condition of the supports to the womb, resulting in mild forms of displacement. It may be given between or during the menstrual periods. In a general hyperaemic, irritable and atonic condition of the pelvic organs, it works to the best advantage. The results are not immediate, but they are marked when they do occur.
It is of value in engorged, atonic conditions of the male sexual organs also; it increases functional activity, and is of value in impotency, although but mildly so. It is a reliable diuretic. It adds tone to, and increases the function. of the urinary apparatus, and overcomes urinary irritation; in stranguary it has a direct influence.
Therapy-The agent is specifically a tonic to the nervous and muscular structure of the reproductive organs in the female. It regulates the periodical discharges, overcoming irregularity in the quantity of the monthly flow. It will render valuable assistance in the permanent cure of leucorrhea. It removes the sensation of weight and engorgement experienced by many ladies in pelvic disorders, especially accompanying uterine displacements, giving great relief.
It will be found of value in gonorrhea, gleet and prostatorrhea, and also in the sexual irritability, and impotence of the male.
Senecio has an influence on the mucous surfaces, relieving congestion and correcting catarrhal disorders. It assists digestion, stimulates the secretion of gastric fluids and overcomes the conditions which cause the food to lie heavily in the stomach. In the accumulation of frothy saliva it is useful and in a constipation accompanying uterine disorders it is especially valuable.
The agent has exercised an active influence in a number of cases of capillary hemorrhage. It has been given in haematuria in spoonful doses of the fluid extract, three or four times a day, with positive results. In albuminuria, with occasional attacks of haematuria, especially if occurring during pregnancy, the agent will act promptly. In hemorrhage of the lungs, or from the stomach of a passive character, it will work well. In menorrhagia or metrorrhagia it is directly indicated.
Co-operatives-In acts in harmony with viburnum, helonias, aralia, mitchella repens, and other agents of this character.
Specific Indications.-Atony and relaxation of the pelvic contents, with dragging painful sensations; uterine enlargement, with uterine or cervical leucorrhea and impairment of function; vaginal prolapse; slight uterine prolapse; pelvic weight and vascular engorgement; increased flow of mucus or muco-pus from weakness; suppressed or tardy menstruation; pain, soreness, and bearing down of the uterus; vicarious menstruation; difficult and tardy urination in both sexes. In the male tenesmic micturition,
testicular dragging, and pelvic weight. In both sexes, dyspepsia, with flatulence after meals; cardialgia, associated with sour stomach and increased flow of gastric juice.
Therapy.-Senecio is a remedy of decided value in the treatment of diseases of women. It was formerly much employed, but in the onward movement of therapeutics seems for some reason to have passed into unmerited neglect. Without doubt this is due to failure to observe and prescribe it according to its specific indications, and somewhat to its tardy action. To get results from senecio it must be given in appreciable doses for a long period, and while slow, its results justify its use. A general relaxed
condition of the female generative tract, with or without mucous or mucopurulent discharge, or vaginal or uterine prolapse, is the direct indication for its selection. Atony is the key to its use. The parts lack vigor and tone, or may be irritable and hyperaemic;at any rate, the pelvic circulation is poor and the whole pelvic floor seems about to let the pelvic contents escape. The uterine ligaments are lax, and the prolapses benefited are those partial displacements due to the weakening of the ligaments and
surrounding tissues. Senecio is an ideal emmenagogue and the best single remedy for the amenorrhea of debility. As such for amenorrhea in the young in whom the menstrual function is not yet well established, we know of no better or more prompt agent than senecio. We select it with as great certainty as we would macrotys for muscular pain, or bryonia for pleuritic stitches. It
matters little, however, what the non-surgical female disease, so long as one is guided by the indications, senecio will not be found wanting in power to improve or to cure. It is with certainty a leader in gynecic therapy. It relieves irritation, imparts tone and vigor, and restrains undue and vitiated secretions. Atony of the ovaries with impairment of function is always present in cases requiring senecio. There is also perineal weight and fullness, and in chronic cases an enlargement of the womb, with cervical leucorrhea. dysmenorrhea, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, chlorosis, functional sterility, leucorrhea, dyspepsia, and the capillary bleeding of haematuria and the bloody discharges of albuminuria are the cases in which it is also especially indicated and in which more or less success may be expected from it. While holding the greatest reputation in diseases and disorders of the female, it is of some, though relatively less, usefulness in functional aberrations of the male reproductive organs, sometimes relieving pelvic weakness, with sense of dragging and testicular pain, and frequent and painful urination. The dose of specific medicine senecio, the best preparation of it, is from five to sixty drops in water, three or four times a day.