Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Staphisagria

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Delphinium Staphisagria

Etymology

The mane Delphinium comes from Greek language "Delphinion", and this was the name that the author used to identify this plant, and to recognized to it the power aginst the parassite that even Plinio had mentioned in his writings. At this purpose this plant was widely utilized during The Middle Age.

Family

Traditional name

Staves acre; (G.), Laeusesamen; (F.), Staphisaigre

Used parts

Seeds

Classification

Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Polycarpicae (Magnoliidae); Ranunculales; Ranunculaceae - Buttercup Family

Keywords

Original proving

Allen: Cyclopaedia, V. 9. Cyclop. Drug Path., V. 4. Hahnemann: Mat. Med. Pura. Hering: Guid. Symptoms, V. 10. Jahr: Symp. Codex.

Description of the substance

DELPHINIUM Staphysagria (Stavesacre). fl. blue, loose, with whitish petals; bracteoles inserted at the base of the pedicels; spur very short; pedicels twice as long as the flower. May. l. five to nine-cleft. h. 2ft. to 3ft. South Europe, 1596. A large erect biennial herb. (B. M. P1. 4.)

Pharmacopoeia:
Description: An ornamental, annual herb, with large tapering root. Stem upto 1.3 meter high stout, upright, cylindrical, slightly branched. Leaves 10 - 12.5 cm in length alternate, broad, palmately five to nine cleft, petioled, pubescent or nearly smooth above, hairy on the veins beneath. Flowers light blue in lax racemes. Fruit consists of 3 straight, oblong downy capsules, in each of which are about 12 seeds packed in 2 rows. Seeds about 6 mm long, are irregularly 4 - sided, pyramidal, sharp - angled little flattened, rough, testa wrinkled, pitted, blackish-brown, rather brittle, enclosing a soft, whitish, oily albumen.


Macroscopical:

(Seed) Pointed at one end, from 6 to 8 mm in length and breadth, obscurely four sided, and of irregular pyramidal shape, one side being distinctly arched and broader than the others, which are flattened; usually appearing grey in colour, but when freed from the dust with which they are covered they are seen to be dark brown: surface coarsely reticulated, the reticulations 0.5 to 1 mm in diameter. A vertical section passing through the hilum shows a minute embryo at the pointed end embedded in a large, yellowish - white, oily endosperm; testa tasteless, endosperm bitter acrid.

 

 

Microscopical:

The diagnostic characters of the seed are; brown polyhedral, thick - walled, epidermal cells of the testa, about 230 - 320 microns tall in the ridges of the surface reticulations and about 66 to 80 microns in the depressions between the ridges; conspicuous concentric laminations of the walls of the epidermal cells; very numerous papillae about 12 microns long, sometimes with swollen apices, occurring on the outer surfaces of the epidermal cells; narrow layer of colourless thin walled flattened cells beneath the epidermis; inner layer of testa composed of brown, elongated pitted cells lying parallel to the surface of the testa, and exhibiting U - shaped thickenings in transverse sections; cells of the endosperm containing protein and fixed oil.
Delpinium: definition and description of Delpinium

DELPHINIUM (Greek name used by Dioscorides). Larkspur. ORD. Ranunculaceae. Very ornamental hardy annuals, biennials, or perennials, with erect branching habit. Flowers blue, purple, pink, or white, rarely yellow, racemed or panicled, bracteate; sepals five, petal-like, irregular, the upper one drawn out below into a spur; petals two to four, two upper ones drawn out at the base into appendages within the sepaline spur. Fruit a many-seeded follicle. Leaves stalked; cauline ones palmately-multifid. Although the plants belonging to this genus are of very easy cultivation, thriving in almost any position with fair treatment, yet like most other cultivated subjects, their real beauty and merit can only be estimated by bestowing special attention upon them. The soil should be dug to a good depth (if trenched, so much the better), and a liberal supply of well-rotted manure in-corporated. The distance between the plants should be 3ft. each way, if arranged by themselves in beds; or, if placed at the back of a mixed border--a position generally assigned to the tall perennial species or varieties, and one for which they are well adapted--8ft., or even more, may be allowed. The dwarf annuals, when cultivated in pots, are very ornamental for greenhouse decoration.

 Propagation. All the herbaceous sorts may be increased by root division, by cuttings, or by seeds. The first-named method is the best for perpetuating named varieties. The old plants should be cut down after flowering, when young growths will proceed from the base, and the whole may be lifted and carefully divided. Seeds of these often take a long time to germinate. Cuttings of the young shoots, taken off in either autumn or spring, root readily if inserted singly in pots, and placed in a cold frame; these will flower the following season, at the same time as the offsets. Seeds of the annual species or varieties may be sown out of doors, in a warm border, in April; or in pans, to be placed either in frames or outside. So soon as the plants are up, they should be pricked off into light, rich soil, where they will make rapid progress. There are numerous and beautiful hybrid varieties, with single, and also many with double, flowers; these are, for the most part, superior to the normal species, the most distinct of which are here described, all being perennials, except where otherwise stated.