---Part Used Medicinally---The whole herb, collected between May and July, when it is in the best
condition, and dried in the same manner as Groundsel. It is used both fresh and dried.
---Medicinal Action and Uses---Demulcent, refrigerant. It is held in great repute among herbalists, used mostly in the form of an ointment.
The fresh leaves have been employed as a poultice for inflammation and indolent ulcers with most beneficial results. A poultice of Chickweed enclosed in muslin is a sure remedy for a carbuncle or an external abscess. The water in which the Chickweed is boiled should also be used to bathe the affected part.
Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage.-Chickweed appears to be a cooling demulcent. I have seen the fresh leaves bruised and applied as a poultice to indolent, intractable ulcers on the leg, of many years' standing, with the most decided and immediately beneficial results; to be changed 2 or 3 times a day. In acute ophthalmia, the bruised leaves will likewise be found a valuable application. An ointment, made by bruising the recent leaves in fresh lard, may be used as a cooling application to erysipelatous and other forms of ulceration, as well as in many forms of cutaneous disease (J. King). A tincture of Stellaria media has been extolled in some quarters as a remedy for rheumatic pains of a fugitive and shifting character.
The high mineral content is striking in Stellaria, with quite a lot of potassium salts, chlorine, nitrogen and phosphorus. It is said to be a good source of copper. Because of its high nitrate content, it should be eaten in moderation. Chickweed contains triterpenoid saponins, which may account for the herb's ability to help reduce itchiness. "Chickweed is chiefly used to treat irritated skin, being applied as juice, poultice, ointment or cream. In certain cases, chickweed may soothe severe itchiness where all other remedies have failed. It is often used to relieve eczema, varicose ulcers and nettle rash." [Chevallier]