Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Stramonium

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datura stramonium L.

Etymology

The Latin name of this herb comes from the Arabian and Persian languages and means a "thorny fruit". The name Datura comes form "dhat" in Hindi dialet  meaning the poison used from local band to kill people.

Family

Traditional name

Datura stramonium var. stramoniumDatura loricata / Datura Pseudostramonium Sieb. / Stramonium foetidum Scop. / Stramonium spinosum Lam. / Stramonium vulgatum Gaertn.

Almindelig PigæblePigæble
Stramonium / Thorn Apple
StechapfelGemeiner Stechapfel / Igelskolben / Pauhapfel / Stachelnuss / Tollkraut / Weisser Stechapfel
Spikklubba
Piggeple
Hulluruoho
Stramoine communeDatura stramoine / Pomme-épineuse / Stramoine
Bielun dziedzierzawa / Bielun dziedzierzawa / Dziedzierawa
Doornappel / Doornappel soort
Stramonio comuneStramonio
Figueira-do-inferno / Quinquilho
Estramonio / toloache
harilik ogaõun

Used parts

Preparation: Tincture of herb in flower and fruit.

Classification

Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Lamiidae / Tubiflorae; Scrophulariales; Solanaceae - Tomato / Potato Family

Keywords

Original proving

History and authority: Proved and introduced by Hahanemann; Allen: Encyclopedia Mat. Med., Vol. IX 175; Clarke: A Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica. Vol. III, 1272.

Description of the substance

History and Folklore

The origin of D. stramonium is disputed (Curtain, 1947). The Sanskrit dhattura and the Hindustani dhatur formed the basis of the general name, the origin of Jimson weed could be Asiatic. Some sources report a probable Central American origin, due to Datura's habitation of most temperate and subtropical parts of the world. "The native names applied by ethnic groups appear to be based upon the deliriant effects produced by the plant on the nervous system" (Bye, Mata, and Pimentel 1991: 32-34). Throughout the ages, the Devil's Trumpet has been used for both intoxication and as medicin.e


Because of the far-reaching distribution of Datura species across the planet there is some dispute concerning their origin. The greatest variety of species occurs in Mexico and Central America which has led some Botanists to believe that the explorers of the New World had been responsible for bringing Daturas back to Europe, along with other members of the nightshade family. Other sources suggest that their original home could be found somewhere in the vicinity of the Caspian Sea from where it spread south to Africa and east to Asia, eventually arriving in Europe, supposedly with the gypsies sometime during the Middle Ages.

This plant is a bushy, smooth, fetid, annual plant, 2 or 3 feet in height, and in rich soil even more. The root is rather large, of a whitish color, giving off many fibers. The stem is much branched, forked, spreading, leafy, and of a yellowish-green color. The leaves are from the forks of the stem, large, ovate, smooth, unequal at the base, variously and acutely sinuated and toothed, veiny, dark-green above, and paler beneath. The flowers are large, axillary, erect, white, and about 3 inches long. Corolla funnel-shaped, regular, angular, plaited, with 5 mucronate lobes. Calyx oblong, 5-angled, 5-toothed, dropping off from its base by a circular, horizontal incision, which remains permanently at the base of the ovary. Stamens 5; anthers erect and oblong; style filiform; stigma thick, obtuse, and bilobed. Ovary free, oval, hairy, and 4-celled. The fruit is a large, dry, prickly capsule, ovate, half 4-celled, with 4 valves and numerous black, reniform seeds. attached to a longitudinal receptacle, which occupies the center of each cell (L.).Stramonium is a well-known poisonous weed, growing in all parts of the United States, along roadsides, waste grounds, etc., and flowering from July to September. Its native country is unknown. It is found growing in Asia, Europe, Canada, Mexico, and Peru. The whole plant has an unpleasant, fetid, narcotic odor, which diminishes upon drying. Almost every part of the plant is possessed of medicinal properties, but the official parts are the leaves and seeds. The leaves should be gathered when the flowers are full blown, and carefully dried in the shade. They have a rank odor when fresh, especially when bruised, which is lost on drying, and a mawkish, amarous, nauseous taste. They impart their properties to water, alcohol, and the fixed oils. Water distilled from them slightly possesses their odor, but does not contain their active properties. The seeds, when bruised, emit the peculiar heavy odor of the herb. They should be gathered when ripe. Spirit, water, and fixed oils take up their active properties Stramonium leaves and seeds are thus officially described: I. STRAMONII FOLIA (U. S. P.), Stramonium leaves.-"About 15 Cm. (6 inches) long, petiolate, dark-green, smooth, ovate, pointed, unequal, especially at the base, coarsely and sinuately toothed; thin, brittle, and nearly inodorous; taste unpleasant, bitter, and nauseous"-(U. S. P.). (See comparison of microscopical structure of stramonium, belladonna, and henbane leaves, by J. O. Schlotterbeck and A. Van Zwaluwenburg, in Proc. Amer. Pharm. Assoc., 1897, p. 202.)