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taraxacum officinale L.
combination of two Greek words: taraxis, eye disease, and akeomai, to heal
mother tinct Q
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Asteridae / Synandrae; Asterales; Compositae / Asteraceae - Composites / Daisy or Sunflower Family
First proved and introduced by Hahnemann; Allen: Encyclop. Mat. Med., Vol. IX, 509. Clark: A Dictionary of Practical Mat. Med., Vol. III, 1369.
Description of the substance
Dandelion is a common meadow herb of the Asteraceae or sunflower family. There are about 100 species of dandelion, and all are beneficial. This sun-loving beauty is a native of Greece, naturalized in temperate regions throughout the world, and familiar to nearly everyone. The perennial dandelion grows freely wherever it can find a bit of earth and a place in the sun. Dandelion's nutritive and medicinal qualities have been known for centuries.
Dandelion's common name is derived from the French dent de lion, a reference to the irregular and jagged margins of the lance-shaped leaves. There are numerous folk names for this widely-used herb. They include pissabed, Irish daisy, blow ball, lion's tooth, bitterwort, wild endive, priest's crown, doonheadclock, yellow gowan, puffball, clock flower, swine snort, fortune-teller, and cankerwort.
The generic name is thought to be derived from the Greek words taraxos, meaning disorder, and akos, meaning remedy.
Another possible derivation is from the Persian tark hashgun, meaning wild endive, one of dandelion's common names. The specific designation officinale indicates that this herb was officially listed as a medicinal. Dandelion held a place in the United States National Formulary from 1888 until 1965, and the dried root of dandelion is listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia (USP).
Dandelion may be distinguished from other similar-looking herbs by the hollow, leafless flower stems that contain a bitter milky-white liquid also found in the root and leaves. The dark green dandelion leaves, with their irregular, deeply jagged margins, have a distinctive hairless mid-rib. The leaves are arranged in a rosette pattern, and may grow to 1.5 ft (45.7 cm)in length. They have a lovely magenta tint that extends up along the inner rib of the stalkless leaf. When the plant is used as a dye, it yields this purple hue. Dandelion blossoms are singular and round, with compact golden-yellow petals. They bloom from early spring until well into autumn atop hollow stalks that may reach from 4-8 in (10.2ndash;20.3 cm) tall. The golden blossoms yield a pale yellow dye for wool. After flowering, dandelion develops a round cluster of achenes, or seed cases. As many as 200 of these narrow seed cases, each with a single seed, form the characteristic puffball. Each achene is topped with a white, feathery tuft to carry it on the breeze. Dandelion's tap root may grow fat, and reach as deep as 1.5 ft (45.7 cm) in loose soil. The root has numerous hairy rootlets. Dandelion is a hardy herb and will regrow from root parts left in the ground during harvest.
Il Tarassaco è una pianta perenne. Ha una radice a fittone lunga anche fino a 15 centimetri, i gambi delle foglie sono corti ed interamente sotterranei, e producono una rosetta di foglie sulla superficie del suolo. Fiorisce dalla primavera fino all'autunno, i capolini dei fiori sono solitari e posti all'estermità dei gambi florali senza foglie e cavi; ogni capolino può contenere dai 100 ai 400 fiori di colore giallo, con due file di brattee floreali piegate al'indietro. I gambi possono raggiungere un'altezza di 50 cm. e contengono un succo bianco. I semi sono sovrastati da un "paracadute" di setole (pappo) che favorisce il processo di disseminazione. Il dente di leone forma associazioni micorriziche. Le foglie sono lobate, lunghe dai 5 ai 25 centimetri.