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Terebinthina Chia; Terebinthina Cypria
gr: terebinthin, feminine of terebenthinos, from terebinthos, terebinth tree.
Chio: island in the Aegean Sea.
other names of Turpentine tree: Pistacia terebinthus, Térébinthe, Terebinto, Scornabecco, Cornicabra, Higuera sylvestre
Resin solution in alcohol of Turpentine tree.
In the HPUS64(hom. Pharmacopoeia of the United States 1964), Tere-ch is the resin from the rootstock of Pinus teocote.
(s.a. Terebinthiniae oleum)
Minerals; Organic Compounds; Acyclic Carbon Compounds; More Substances of Organic Origin; Oils and similar Compounds of Carbon
Plants, Anacardiaceae, balm, terpen, hydrocarbone
1. Terebinthina chios from Pistacia terebinth: not found
2. O.A. Julian refers to a proving with the turpentine of Pinus teocarpa / Teocote pine, which, as he says, is similar to Chian turpentine.
Description of the substance
pict 1: Pistacia terebinthus, Terebinth tree
pict 2: detail flower
pict 3: detail fruit
pict 4: illustration in Traité des arbres forestiers, by Jaume Saint-Hilaire, J.H.
pict 5 and 6: Pinus teocote
CHIAN TURPENTINE (Terebinthina Chia; Terebinthina Cypria) is obtained by making cuts in the bark of Pistacia Terebinthus Linné.
The Pistacia genus includes many resin-producing trees, all of which have been well known and economically important from ancient times to the present. (1) It takes its name from the island of Chio or Scio (Cyprus), an island in the Aegean Sea where most of it is collected. A single tree, which can grow to as much as 12 meters high, can yield up to 2 kilograms of resin.
The terebinth tree continues to be abundant from the Canarian Islands to the Middle East, growing even in desert areas.
It tree is often parasited by the galls of an insect (Pemphigus cornicularius).
The balm is yellowish, greenish, or bluish-green, translucent, viscid. Its odor is rather pleasant and suggestive of fennel, and its taste less acrid than most of the turpentines. It gradually hardens by age, on exposure to air and forms translucent yellow masses similar to mastic. It is often adulterated with the cheaper turpentines.It contains only 9 to 14% of ethereal oil, composed of Borneol, Bornylacetate, Dipenten, alfa-Pinen, resin and also Benzoic acid. (Biblio (2) (3)