Substances & Homeopatic Remedies

Terminalia arjuna

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terminalia arjuna

Etymology

related to the prince Arjuna, Krishna instructs the prince Arjuna in ethical matters and the nature of God.

Family

Traditional name

Latin: Terminalia arjuna
Sanskrit: Arjuna
Hindi: Arjun
English: Arjuna Myrobalans

Used parts

bark (traditional medicine)

Classification

Natural Order - Combretaceae.

Keywords

tree

Original proving

Homeopathic Uses and Proving
Terminalia arjuna has not yet been sufficiently proved (Ghose). Only one or two fragmentary provings were made. I tried to prove it in the month of January, 1934. The record of that proving is given below:
     Name of the Prover - Babu Hari Charan Roy, a young man of 35 years of age and good physique (intake of mothertincture only).


 History and authority: Introduced by Anshutz: New old and forgotten remedies, 418; Clarke: A Dictionary of Pract. Mat. Med. Vol. III, 1487.

Description of the substance

Description:
A large deciduous tree reaching 25 meters in height, with a very thick trunk and horizontally spreading branches, bark thick, smooth, greenish - white, flexing off in large flat pieces. Leaves usually sub - opposite, 10 - 15 cm by 4 - 7 cm oblong, or elliptic oblong, obtuse or sub - acute, pale dull - green above, pale brown beneath, shallowly crenate, serrate in the upper part or sometimes throughout base, rounded or cordate, often unequal sided, veins reticulate pellucid; petioles 6 - 18 mm long, with 1 or usually 2 prominent fans at the top immediately below the leaves. Flowers sessile, in short axillary spikes or in terminal panicles, bracteoles linear - lanceolate, shorter than the flowers, caducous, calyx glabrous, 4mm long; mouth broadly companulate, teeth triangular, 4mm long. Ovary glabrous. Disk clothed with yellowish reddish hairs. Stamens much exserted. Drupe 2.5 - 5 cm long, ovoid or ovoid - oblong, fibrous - woody, glabrous, dark - brown, with 5 - hard projecting wings.

Macroscopical:
The bark occurs in the market as flat or slightly curved pieces of varying sizes upto 15 cm or more in length and 10 cm in breadth and 0.3 to 1 cm in thickness. Outer colour grey and smooth. Internal colour is light grey and finely striated. Fracture short, showing pinkish bark.

Microscopical:
The bark consists of cork with thick - walled, radially arranged cells. The cells of the cork are filled with tannin. The phloem is deep and is traversed by uniseriate ray cells. Phloem consists of bast fibres, crystal fibres, sieve tubes with companion cells and phloem parenchyma. Bast fibres occur in groups and are surrounded by one or two layers of concentric crystal fibres. The calcium oxalate crystals are mostly spheroidal in form. Tannin is found in all the tissues of bark.

Habitat:
Throughout India, Bengal, Burma, Ceylon