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from latin "valere= to feel good"
Rhizome fresh or dried in artificial heat soon after collection
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Cornidae; Dipsacales; Valerianaceae
Introduced by Hahnemann, in 1805 Frag. d. vir. 251; Allen: Encyclop. Mat. Med., Vol. X, 59.
Description of the substance
A deciduous herb, with a tuberous, short, rhizome, bearing numerous, slender fleshy tapering, pale - brown rootlets, 7 to 12 cm long and one or more stolons. Stem erect, 90 to 150 cm high, hollow furrowed, branched in the terminal part and hirsute at base. Leaves both radical and cauline the radical being on long peticles whereas the cauline are opposite or alternate, exstipulate and pinnatisect with clasping petioles. Leaflets, sessile, lanceolate and dentate. Flowers numerous, small, white or pink, in racemes of cymes. Fruit oblong - ovate, 4 - ridged, 1 - seeded achenes. Odour like that of isovaleric acid; taste sweetish. Camphoraceous and somewhat bitter.
J AOAC Int. 2005 Jan-Feb;88(1):221-5.
Determination of metal content in valerian root phytopharmaceutical derivatives by atomic spectrometry.
Arce S, Cerutti S, Olsina R, Gomez MR, Martinez LD
Area de Farmacotecnia, Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Facultad de Quimica, Bioquimica y Farmacia, Chacabuco y Pedernera, San Luis, Argentina.
Phytopharmaceuticals containing Valerian are used as mild sleep-inducing agents. The elemental composition of 3 different marks of Valeriana officinalis roots commercially available in the Argentinian market, their teas, and a commercial tincture have been studied. The content of Al, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Ni, Pb, V, and Zn was determined in phytopharmaceuticals by flame atomic emission/absorption spectrometry, electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry, and ultrasonic nebulization coupled to inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry. Prior to analyses of the samples, a digestion procedure was optimized. The analytical results obtained for Fe, Al, Ca, and V in the solid sample study were within the range 100-1000 mg/kg, and for Mn, Zn, and Pb within the range 10-100 mg/kg. Cadmium was found at levels up to 0.0125 mg/kg.