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Common blue violet
Plantae; Spermatophyta, Angiospermae - Flowering Plants; Dicotyledonae; Dilleniidae; Violales; Violaceae - Violet Family
History and authority: Introduced by Gross and proved by Gross and Hahnemann; Archiv Jur Hom Vol. 8, 182; Allen: Encyclop. Mat. Med., Vol. X 130; Hering: Guiding Symptoms; Vol. X 472.
Description of the substance
The sweet violet is an evergreen perennial woodland plant growing about 10cm tall and forming a carpet of growth that makes a good weed-excluding ground cover. The edible leaves can be harvested all year round, and the edible flowers are produced in late winter and early spring.
This is a very easily grown plant, although by nature it grows mainly in the dappled shade of a woodland, it is very tolerant and will even succeed in very hot, sunny positions so long as the soil does not dry out. It succeeds in most soils but prefers a cool moist well-drained humus-rich soil in partial or dappled shade and protection from scorching winds. When grown in the open it prefers a moderately heavy rich soil. We have even see it thriving in old stone walls so long as there are small pockets of soil for it to get its roots into. The plants are very cold-hardy and will tolerate temperatures down to about -20°c.
Flower and Fruit: The dark violet flowers are solitary on 3 to 7 cm long pedicles. Th flowers are 1.5 to 2 cm long and fragrant. The 5 sepals are obtuse, glabrous and have an appendage. There are 5 uneven petals which are unevenly spurred and which have a broad margin. The 5 stamens have an apendage at the tip. The flower has 3 fused ovaries. The fruit is a globular capsule, approximately 7.5 mm. It is 3 to 6 sided, clearly and densely short pubescent and often violet. It can be found pressed to the receptacle.
Leaves, Stem and Root: The violet is 5 to 10 cm high. It is a rosette plant with a short, thick but soft ground axis. The rooting runners are 10 to 20 cm long and 1.5 mm thick. They produce flowers in the second year. The shoots are a strong dark green with scattered appressed hairs or almost glabrous. The leaves are petiolate, broadly cordate, obtuse or short acuminate and crenate. The leaves, which appear first, are reniform-cordate and the younger ones are rolled up. There are lanceolate stipules at the base of the leaves.
Characteristics: The plant is strongly scented.