Cases

Bufo

A case of Bufo Rana, crossbreed male dog

Consuelo Uggeri, Homeopathic veterinarian doctor

 

The first medical examination was done in 2003.

Problem: epileptic attacks.

Willy is a small build crossbreed, male dog. He looks rachitic, his front paws are quite curved and he has got only one testicle. At the time of the visit Willy is four years old.

I have known him for some years since the owner is the sister of a dear friend of mine. Every time I visit her, I notice the presence of the dog who wanders around, looking quite bold most of the time.

Homeopathic visit

The first attack happened in October 2003. It was afternoon and my friend Federica was at home even if it was a working day. She saw the dog walking in a strange way, unstable on his paws, tottering, and did not want anyone close to him. Then, he entered into his bed and after a while he started howling loudly. The front paws were stretched forward, he presented a strong sialorrhea and stained himself with faeces and urine. She thought the dog could have died at any moment because she had never seen such a scene before. The dog had many other attacks like this throughout the day. During the attack he was untouchable and when it was over he remained in a long state of torpor (dullness?), after which he tried to stand up but he was still very unsteady, as if he were drunk. Slowly and hesitatly, he started to walk again boldly. Usually, he drank a lot of water after the attacks were over. This is very common in subjects who suffer of these kinds of attacks.

I asked her for more details about the dog's behavior and any possible fears, since he did not let her approach him before and during the attack.

"He is oversensitive to loud noises such as  New Year's Eve crackers and storms. If it is raining, he does not want to go out and he is scared when we wash him."

"What about his behavior with other people?"

"If there are strangers who are getting near the garden, he barks,  and if they are already in the garden he bites their feet. If there is someone he already knows, he does not pay attention to him/her. He barks when something new happens. When he is out with my father, he tries to bite even if he is wearing the muzzle. That is why my father, who is aged, does not want to go out with Willy anymore. He has definitely a bold behavior, but he starts shaking like a leaf if he sees you holding a broom in your hand."

"How does he behave with your family?"

"He eats the cookies mom and daddy give to him" answers my friend's nephew.

"How does he react if someone tells him off?"

"Usually, he pulls a long face but it does not last so much."

" He has never bothered my little daughter. Once only he showed a sign of warning because she did hurt him."

They highlight the fact that Willy has a real relationship with the grandfather, while the rest of the family is not taken a lot into consideration. The dog shows a "friendly" behavior just with the kids and with my friend's daughter.

"How does he behave when he is alone outside?"

"He has been always independent, he wanders through the countryside or near the other houses in the neighbourhood, eats greedily what he finds and when he comes back home his stomach is swollen: yes, Willy swells."

I ask more details on his appetite and any possible desires.

"He is voracious, he runs the risk of choking. He eats everything, he gobbles and he gets indigestion. He does not have any preference in particular, but he loves meat. He does not drink a lot. He likes milk."

I try to analyze thoroughly his way of being aggressive. They say the dog is bold, but in my opinion, I think he presents an insecure side, which should be contextualized.

"How does he behave with other animals?"

"He is partial, he is not the first to start a fight but he can take offence at something. However, he attacks the dogs that enters into his territory."

"What about his behaviour with female dogs?"

"He has  never had the sexual instinct to reproduce."

I ask for any problems occurred in the past.

"We have always thought he might be allergic to parasiticides in drops, those you put in the middle of shoulder blades. He started to sneeze, scratch himself, breathe badly and throw up right after the application. He throws up also when he gobbles."

"Has he ever had any cutaneous reaction?"

"In  May 2003 he had one on the back of his nose. It was hard and he scratched himself rubbing against hard surfaces. After this episode, we put a little bit of clorexidina on the nose and the rash disappeared, but it reappeared on the belly soon after. We did the same treatment and it came off. A few days before the fit I saw Willy scratching his anus which had reddened and was dirty. When he feels ill he is constipated, otherwise he does not have any problems."

Case analysis

The coherence of the symptoms listed in the case and their themes will give the possibility of carrying out the analytical research through the repertorization.

It is useful to start working from the general themes (fig. A/B/C) in order to extract the main symptoms which are common to a specific group of remedies.

Violence

MIND; ANGER, irascibility; tendency

MIND; QUARRELSOMENESS, scolding

 

Willy's case highlights his need of rising above the others who surround him. He is strategically aggressive in order to hide his sense of insecurity, which can be noticed in his oversensitiveness to noises or to news. Showing his masculine characteristics he tries to dominate but he is the one to be dominated by the environment itself. Moreover, there are also other elements which point out this sense of insecurity such as his way of tottering, the instability on the paws and his way of eating fast and greedily.

Insecurity

EXTREMITIES; ATAXIA; Lower limbs

EXTREMITIES; TOTTERING

EXTREMITIES; ATAXIA

 

He is an insecure dog but, on the other hand he wants to attract attention being violent and swelling after eating. It is like he feels a bit almighty. Furthermore, he does not show a great sensitiveness to females.

In Willy's case there are some hints at his independence which however is not a real one, since he has never run away and has always orbited near his house without losing the reference points.

It is important to take into consideration both the tropism on the nervous system and the cutaneous reactions.

Epilepsy

GENERALITIES; CONVULSIONS; epileptic

GENERALITIES; CONVULSIONS; tonic

MIND; SHRIEKING, screaming, shouting; convulsions; during

GENERALITIES; CONVULSIONS; epileptic; ailments; before epileptic attack, aura

 

Repertorization

Mac Repertory has been used for the repertorization. The chosen symptoms are collected into rubrics where those which are consistent with each other will be grouped to obtain general thematic groups. In addition to these symptoms, a few other ones which are very significant for the subject will be selected.

Violence

MIND; ANGER, irascibility; tendency

MIND; QUARRELSOMENESS, scolding

Insecurity

EXTREMITIES; ATAXIA; Lower limbs

EXTREMITIES; TOTTERING

EXTREMITIES; ATAXIA

Epilepsy

GENERALITIES; CONVULSIONS; epileptic

GENERALITIES; CONVULSIONS; tonic

MIND; SHRIEKING, screaming, shouting; convulsions; during

GENERALITIES; CONVULSIONS; epileptic; ailments; before epileptic attack, aura

MIND; SENSITIVE, oversensitive; noise, to

EXTREMITIES; CURVING and bowing, curvature of bones

MALE; RETRACTION; Testes

MIND; OMNIPOTENCE

The graph represented in fig. 2 shows the presence of many remedies which are not related to each other. Some of them are grouped into a family known as "drugs-like" (Doc. Mangialavori) where at the top of the list there is Bufo and then, slightly shifted, Camphora, Opium and Cann-s. This group of substances is referable to the  "drugs-like" family and their presence means a greater coherence for the repertorization.

Bufo is an animal, not a plant, and thanks to the study of homeopathic families the similarities which connect remedies having a different taxonomy are better understood. Thinking about prescribing Bufo, I consulted the Materia Medica and I found many hints at cutaneous and epileptic problems.

The choice of the remedy is confirmed by Willy's characteristics, that is to say his aggressiveness and insecurity represented by his need of showing to be what he is not  actually.

I decided to limit my research only to the drug family (fig. 3) and I realized that some remedies cover the general symptoms, while only one of them covers the particular ones which identify the examined subject. Therefore, I prescribe the pellets of Bufo rana 30 ch: an administration of 10 pellets in 500 ml of water given in small quantities every hour for the first day. The administrations had to be reduced as soon as the attacks occurred more rarely.

Willy stopped having attacks after the first day without taking any other anticonvulsant. For three years, from time to time the dog's owner has been reporting to me that Willy was fine but after that period the attacks came back again because the owner had forgot to give him Bufo rana and had gave him valium which did not have any effect on the dog. The owner who was scared called me and I told her that if a remedy had been working for such a long time, it had to be given again in the same way. There was a positive reaction after the  first administration and then, after a few other ones, Willy started living again his everyday life, getting angry more often and biting people's feet. Once, he bit the legs of a owner's sister friend but, in the family's opinion Willy is a saint.