Agroecology and Homeopathy
The agroecosystem is an ecosystem which has been modified by man for food production purposes and it includes the pedoclimatic environment as well as vegetables and animals. It bases its equilibrium on a complex network of relationships between these elements, all working together to maintain animal health and well-being.
Animal breeding, which is fundamental for the soil's natural fertility, must be introduced in a balanced way into the environment thus the area destined to animals must respect the number of animals being bred so that the two elements, animal and vegetable, may integrate in order to guarantee the animals' physiological and aetiological needs.
In the application of homeopathic methods in animal breeding, the veterinarian must therefore carry out an evaluation on the entire agricultural holding (commercial farm) that is not only clinical but agroecological as well. This work requires the study of all the elements that make up the system, which can only be reached through good communication with the owner as well as the staff.
The particular characteristic of hilly and mountainous areas favour biological and agroecological breeding, allowing us to safeguard and use the more rustic breeds which, thanks to the pastures, guarantee a high quality production. In Fact, on behalf of those consumers who are interested in the ecosustainable products there is a great demand for animal products that come from systems that are respectful both of the environment and of animal well-being.
Animal well-being and Homeopathy
Interest towards animal well-being dates back to 1964 when Ruth Harrison's book "Animal machines" was published in Great Britain.
The concept of animal well-being has undergone many changes over the years, becoming ever more accurate. At first the attention was directed towards the physico-sanitary condition of animals bred and then moved on to the "mental" or psychological one as well as the harmony between the animal and its environment.
The so-called Five Freedoms proposed by Brambell and summarised in the British Animal Welfare Council of 1979 touch all the critical points considered fundamental for the life of every breeding animal: freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition; freedom from pain, wounds or illness; freedom to have an appropriate and comfortable shelter; freedom from fear and stress; freedom to carry out normal models of behaviour.
The different approaches to animal well-being can gain by integrating two different aspects that co-exist within the concept of well-being: on the one hand, respect for physiological needs, vital for the animal, on the other hand those connected to the psycho-behavioural aspects.
From the standpoint of the application of a therapeutic approach, such as a holistic one as those used in homeopathy, the evaluation of the state of health must include the level of well-being of the patient. Healing in homeopathy, in fact, does not only include overcoming the pathological disease but also the recuperation of equilibrium with the environment, a high level of positive emotions and re-establishing the different organic functions.
Putting it simply, the animal treated homeopathically is "happier", showing a desire to play, is lively, and tends to waste less energy in conflicts and neurotic behaviour, enjoying more constructive and harmonious relationships both with members of its own breed as well as with animals of other breeds and with its environment in general.
In breeding animals it is a well recognized fact that it is necessary to guarantee conditions of zootechnical well-being in order to reach a maximum production , both qualitatively and quantitatively, without causing pathological manifestations or behavioural disorders that may alter the animal's physiological equilibrium.
Ethology and homeopathy
Ethology is based on the study of the mechanisms which animals use to interact with their external environment both through their natural instincts and acquired elements. The environment represents a continuous source of stimuli to which each individual responds while searching for the most adequate solution. The response that the animal formulates is species-specific and individual.
Homeopathy studies the individual and its way of adapting to the perturbations of one’s environment, both internal and external. Every time that a situation arises in which the subject is removed from its equilibrium mechanisms are set off to re-establish the altered state of well-being. These strategies of adaptation differ from species to species and from individual to individual and furnish a specific framework, which is the tool that homeopathy uses to find the remedy that most closely corresponds to the subject (patient).
Zooanthropology and homeopathy
Zooanthropology studies the interaction between man and animal from a psychological, pedagogic and ethical point of view. Its goal is the analysis of the man-animal relationship in all its phases, aiming to better understand the structure, factors that regulate it, the various types found in our society , the possible deviations and the risks connected to them.
The homeopathic veterinarian who wishes to apply the laws of fellow-creatures in depth must know, be able to observe and understand the man-animal relationship since any suffering on the part of domestic animals is strictly connected to their relationship with man.
It is man, in fact, who, for the most part, determines and handles their environment, their habits, their social relations whether they be intra or inter-specific.
This shows how the ethological component, both in relation to the co-specifics (intraspecific social behaviour) and in comparison to other species (interspecific social behaviour) is fundamental in the application of homeopathy.
Furthermore, ethology helps homeopathy to give a correct reading of homeopathic symptoms and is fundamental….